• Earth's
  • All living things on the planet are protected from the intense radiation of space by a thick layer of shielding provided by the Earth's atmosphere, which is equal to 10 meters of water. (unlv.edu)
  • The antennas, which have an extremely low side-lobe response of less than -65 dB past 60{sup o}, reject anisotropic radiation from the earth's surface. (unt.edu)
  • NASA
  • A NASA Langley-led effort is trying to build a better model to predict the amount of damaging radiation pilots, flight crews and frequent flyers are exposed to on commercial airline flights. (nasa.gov)
  • San Francisco -- A group of researchers led by NASA, in collaboration with Space Environment Technologies, Inc., the National Center for Atmospheric Resarch (NCAR), and Dartmouth College, are building a model that can predict the solar and cosmic radiation exposure for crews and passengers on commercial airline flights. (nasa.gov)
  • A NASA Applied Sciences project called NAIRAS, Nowcast of Atmosphere Ionizing Radiation for Aviation Safety, seeks to build tools that use real-time data and modeling to estimate radiation exposure. (nasa.gov)
  • Christopher Mertens, a senior research scientist at NASA Langley Research Center and the NAIRAS principal investigator, said the model should provide the most accurate estimations yet of the biologically damaging radiation doses received by airline crews and passengers. (nasa.gov)
  • NASA, which has displayed an unsteady commitment to such exploration, has funded research in how to mitigate radiation risk in haphazard fashion in the past, according to a 2008 National Research Council report . (slate.com)
  • But it is flawed in two ways that are indicative of what's wrong with both NASA and with much modern medical research. (slate.com)
  • laboratory
  • The Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) is a National Research Institute for space and allied sciences, supported mainly by Department of Space, Government of India. (wikipedia.org)
  • Known as the cradle of space sciences in India, the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) was founded on 11 November 1947 by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Physical Research Laboratory holds various seminars and public lectures. (wikipedia.org)
  • During World War II, Rossi worked on radar at the MIT Radiation Laboratory, and he played a pivotal role in the Manhattan Project, heading the group at the Los Alamos Laboratory that carried out the RaLa Experiments. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to the science taking place using the internal and external experiment facilities of the Columbus laboratory, ESA also has some further ongoing research taking place in the US Destiny laboratory and the Russian Segment of the ISS. (esa.int)
  • Initially at the University of Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory and later in Oak Ridge, Morgan joined a small group of physicists who were interested in the health effects of radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • This rocket, the Aerobee, was developed under the joint guidance of James Van Allen at the Applied Physics Laboratory and Rolf Sabersky at the Aerojet Corporation and was supported by the Navy Bureau of Ordnance and the Naval Office of Research and Inventions (later ONR). (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1974, The US DARPA through Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory and Australia agreed to launch 3 rockets under project Hi Star South. (wikipedia.org)
  • In September 1994, the Office of Human Radiation Experiments, in collaboration with Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, began an oral history project to fulfill this goal. (oclc.org)
  • ORAL HISTORY OF HEALTH PHYSICIST KARL Z. MORGAN, Ph.D. Karl Z. Morgan was selected for this oral history project because of his research for the Manhattan Project at the Metallurgical Laboratory in Chicago, and his work at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. (oclc.org)
  • The oral history covers Dr. Morgan's work as a pioneer in the field of health physics, his health physics research at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and his work since he retired from ORNL. (oclc.org)
  • In 1947 he joined the University of Bristol as a Research Assistant at the H.H. Wills Physical Laboratory, under the guidance of Nobel Laureate Prof. C. F. Powell. (wikipedia.org)
  • physics
  • After his dismissal was overturned, he became Director of the First Physics Institute of the University of Vienna, and he began research on aerosols. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also at this time, the Kaiser-Wilhelm Institut für Physik (KWIP, Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics, after World War II the Max Planck Institute for Physics), in Berlin-Dahlem, was placed under HWA authority, with Diebner as the administrative director, and the military control of the nuclear research commenced. (wikipedia.org)
  • Karl Ziegler Morgan (September 27, 1907 - June 8, 1999), was an American physicist who was one of the founders of the field of radiation health physics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jánossy was charged with the task of managing the Cosmic Radiation Department at the Central Research Institute for Physics (Hungarian abbreviation: KFKI) founded in 1950. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1945 he completed his degree in Physics at the University of Rome, at age 22, and started his research career in Rome working for the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche. (wikipedia.org)
  • There, during the summer of 1932, after completing his freshman year, Van Allen was introduced to geophysics research under the tutelage of physics professor Thomas C. Poulter. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Department of Physics of the Faculty of Philosophy, Sciences and Letters was started with two imminent Italian physicists, Gleb Wataghin and Giuseppe Occhialini, who specialized in researching cosmic radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • atmospheric
  • John Murray, a Langley research scientist who specializes in satellite aviation-weather products, said including solar, atmospheric and magnetosphere activity into the model will make it stand apart. (nasa.gov)
  • A second radiometer, tuned to 54 GHz near oxygen emission lines, monitors spurious signals from residual atmospheric radiation. (unt.edu)
  • radioactive
  • The rare type of cosmic ray the researchers observed was a radioactive isotope of iron, Iron-60, with a half life - the length of time it takes for the radioactivity of an isotope to fall to half its original value - of 2.6 million years. (courthousenews.com)
  • Our detection of radioactive cosmic-ray iron nuclei is a smoking gun indicating that there has likely been more than one supernova in the last few million years in our neighborhood of the galaxy," W. Robert Binns, a research professor at Washington University in St. Louis and lead author of the study, said in a statement. (courthousenews.com)
  • Some space suits in fact make radiation worse because they themselves become radioactive when bombarded by protons in space and emit secondary radiation . (slate.com)
  • Ionizing Radiation
  • This will help the FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) to determine what standards may be needed in order to address the increasing concerns that the industry and public have over human exposure to ionizing radiation," Murray said. (nasa.gov)
  • exposure
  • To better protect these men and women, we have to accurately determine the risks of radiation exposure when they are in space. (unlv.edu)
  • The cosmic radiation exposure during a voyage to the Red Planet is much higher than that on the space station. (unlv.edu)
  • While flight crews are designated by the federal government as "radiation workers," just like nuclear plant employees and X-ray technicians, there are no industry standards for radiation exposure or consistently used methods for measuring exposure. (nasa.gov)
  • But unlike in other fields, radiation exposure is not measured in the airline industry, nor are there standards or limits regarding exposure. (nasa.gov)
  • At the time radiation exposure during flight was deemed a negligible health concern for commercial aircraft at cruising altitudes given what was known about radiation and the number and types of flights common at that time. (nasa.gov)
  • doses
  • The second basic flaw in the University of Rochester study is that it relies on subjecting mice to acute doses of radiation and measuring the effects, instead of saying anything about how humans deal with radiation. (slate.com)
  • investigation
  • The European Drawer Rack houses the Protein Crystallisation Diagnostics Facility, which is an advanced ISS research payload for the investigation of problems of protein crystallisation in space. (esa.int)
  • intense
  • The FAIR unit will be able to produce more intense beams than the current accelerator, allowing more research possibilities. (dailytech.com)
  • study
  • To study them, he invented an improved electronic coincidence circuit, and travelled to Eritrea to conduct experiments that showed that cosmic ray intensity from the West was significantly larger than that from the East. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study , done at the University of Rochester, claims that galactic cosmic radiation may lead to an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease. (slate.com)
  • So headlines like " Study: Space Radiation Could Cause Alzheimer's " are true in a narrow sense: Space radiation could cause Alzheimer's. (slate.com)
  • One of the ideas that came out of Powell's team was an expedition in the Mediterranean region to study cosmic radiation at high atmosphere (25 to 30 km) using aerostatic balloons carrying photographic emulsion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arnold's cosmochemical research included the study of cosmic radiation, the origin of meteorites, for which he developed a computer model, the lunar soil and mapping of the Moon's composition. (wikipedia.org)
  • dangers
  • Morgan also testified on behalf of Navajo uranium miners and their survivors, saying government officials had known about mine radiation dangers but had not protected the miners. (wikipedia.org)
  • galaxies
  • In addition, the standard Big-Bang model is plagued by the lumpiness problem (matter is structured into stars and galaxies), the entropy problem (the initial 'cosmic egg' would have had to start with a high degree of order), the ignition problem (no cause for the expansion), and other more recent difficulties, like the amazingly precise balance between the acceleration rate and density. (icr.org)
  • contributions
  • The research institution offers national awards to scientists who have made outstanding contributions in the field of science and technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • earth
  • The researchers were able to observe a rare type of cosmic ray that acts like a tiny clock, which limits the distances the source can be from Earth. (courthousenews.com)
  • CERN
  • He has participated in several international research groups, in particular associated to CERN in Genéve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sørensen was one of the grounding fathers of a Nordic cooperation project on research of proton collisions that was performed by means of bubble chamber technique at CERN. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aboard
  • Launch towers were built at the White Sands Missile Range, Churchill Rocket Research Range, Wallops Flight Facility, and aboard the research vessel USS Norton Sound. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • Dr. Dahanayake returned to the University of Ceylon, Colombo soon after he earned his PhD and continued his research work on Cosmic Radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the course of his work with Poulter, Van Allen learned machine shop practice, glass blowing, welding and brazing, vacuum techniques and, of greatest importance, the essential elements of original experimental research. (wikipedia.org)
  • While still a student, Oscar Sala started research work with the group. (wikipedia.org)
  • space
  • Radiation does get through to the surface of the planet, but at significantly lower levels than people would be exposed to in space. (unlv.edu)
  • Before the Advanced Composition Explorer observations, we didn't know if this radiation was created a long time ago and far, far away, or relatively recently and nearby," Eric Christian, a co-author of the paper with NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, said in a statement. (courthousenews.com)
  • Before the ACE observations, we didn't know if this radiation was created a long time ago and far, far away, or relatively recently and nearby," said Eric Christian of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. (spacedaily.com)
  • He was instrumental in establishing the field of magnetospheric research in space. (wikipedia.org)
  • Van Allen led the scientific community for the inclusion of scientific research instruments on space satellites. (wikipedia.org)
  • limits
  • As Daniel Engber has written in Slate , this is a line of research that may be reaching the limits of its effectiveness. (slate.com)
  • galaxy
  • The fact that we see any Iron-60 at all means these cosmic ray nuclei must have been created fairly recently (within the last few million years) and that the source must be relatively nearby, within about 3,000 light years, or approximately the width of the local spiral arm in our Galaxy. (spacedaily.com)
  • means
  • While it may not be commonly known, airline flight crews are currently classified as "radiation workers," a federal designation that means they are consistently exposed to radiation. (nasa.gov)
  • The fact that we see any Iron-60 at all means that these cosmic ray nuclei must have been created fairly recently (within the last few million years) and that the source must be relatively nearby, within about 3,000 light years," Christian said. (courthousenews.com)
  • That means research should focus on how to take shelter from solar radiation. (slate.com)
  • vessel
  • The station is managed by the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute and was named after the support vessel Mirny captained by Mikhail Lazarev during the First Russian Antarctic Expedition, led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen on Vostok. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Soon after the discovery of nuclear fission in 1939, the German nuclear energy project, also known as the Uranverein (Uranium Club), started under the Reichsforschungsrat (RFR, Reich Research Council) of the Reichserziehungsministerium (REM, Reich Ministry of Education). (wikipedia.org)
  • Radiation is well known as a carcinogen. (dailytech.com)
  • Morgan
  • Morgan, then 75 years old, testified that radiation protection measures in the tests were substandard. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human Radiation Studies: Remembering the Early Years: Karl Z. Morgan, Ph.D. (oclc.org)
  • HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES: REMEMBERING THE EARLY YEARS Oral History of Health Physicist Karl Z. Morgan, Ph.D. Conducted January 7, 1995 By Marisa Caputo and Michael Yuffee United States Department of Energy Office of Human Radiation Experiments June 1995 FOREWORD n December 1993, U.S. Secretary of Energy Hazel R. O'Leary announced her Openness Initiative. (oclc.org)