• infectious diseases
  • Nonetheless, this construct has met with good success in developing multivalent vaccines to control various infectious diseases [ 4 , 10 , 15 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • NAMRU-3 is the first overseas Department of Defense research laboratory to receive the College of American Pathologists (CAP) Laboratory Accreditation for infectious diseases clinical diagnostics. (wikipedia.org)
  • The modern mission of the NAMRUs is threefold: To investigate prophylactic agents such as vaccines and pharmaceuticals against tropical infectious diseases which cause severe mortality or morbidity to the US military member in the deployed environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its mission is to identify infectious diseases threats of military and public health importance and to develop and evaluate interventions and products to mitigate those threats. (wikipedia.org)
  • He is especially credited for singlehandedly saving tens of thousands of native African lives from decimation due to an array of infectious diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • and was a fellow at the Dutch Royal Tropical Institute foundation in The Netherlands, and the Tulane University's Medical College's School of Tropical and Infectious Diseases at New Orleans in United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was the first and the youngest native East and Central African epidemiologist in the field of tropical medicine and infectious diseases-both as researcher and a clinical practitioner in the spread, control, and eradication of infectious agents. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • Borrelia burgdorferi , the bacteria causing Lyme disease is maintained in nature in I. scapularis and I. pacificus ticks and certain host species, chief of which is the white-footed mouse. (usda.gov)
  • The family Hymenolepididae has only two species which infects humans: the disease hymenolepiasis is caused by Hymenolepis nana and H. diminuta, which are sometimes classified in the genus Rodentolepis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amyloodinium ocellatum, also known as marine velvet, is a species of microbial parasitic dinoflagellates of the Amyloodinium genus. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are ubiquitous in freshwater, marine, and terrestrial environments, where they often outnumber other animals in both individual and species counts, and are found in locations as diverse as mountains, deserts and oceanic trenches. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a laboratory setting, Trypanosoma equiperdum has been manipulated to adapt to and proliferate in other species, such as dogs, rabbits, mice and rats, but this has never been observed to occur naturally and without scientific manipulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although this limits spread of the disease because it is restricted to the equine population alone, the organism has developed complex mechanisms over time to better equip itself for prolonged survival in the equine species. (wikipedia.org)
  • it may infect less species than other diseases, but it infects and survives very efficiently within its specified hosts. (wikipedia.org)
  • hosts
  • Research conducted at PBESL has shown that ticks detect substances rubbed onto vegetation and the substrate by passing hosts influence where ticks wait in ambush for hosts. (usda.gov)
  • malaria
  • He helped to organize and fund, through WRAIR, a major program for basic and applied research in malaria in the mid 1960s which led to at least two effective antimalarial therapies. (wikipedia.org)
  • arthropods
  • Traditionally, they were held to be a lineage of their own, but in the 1990s, they were proposed to form the group Ecdysozoa together with moulting animals, such as arthropods. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibody
  • A prolific scientist, he wrote or edited 3 books and 313 peer-reviewed articles in the fields of immunology and tropical medicine, and is known for the first application of fluorescent antibody imaging in the diagnosis of parasitic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • vaccines
  • Herein, we review research progress using attenuated recombinant PRVs (rPRVs) as vaccine candidates with application for advancing the development of rPRV vector vaccines. (hindawi.com)
  • Recombinant viruses represent a particularly promising avenue of vaccine research both for improving existing vaccines and for developing new ones [ 8 , 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The Station was the first purpose-built, farm-based facility of Australia's first Stock Institute and its work was primarily to research and control diseases in livestock, develop vaccines and improve animal health and production. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1946
  • After the war, the U.S. Navy was invited by the Egyptian Government to study, prevent, and control epidemic diseases and diseases endemic in subtropical areas and NAMRU-3 was formally established by the Secretary of the Navy in the same buildings formerly occupied by the Typhus commission in 1946. (wikipedia.org)
  • CSIRO
  • The complex was extended over time to accommodate the changing needs of the Institute, the University of Queensland's first veterinary training facility in 1938-1940 and then, between 1933 and 1967, the interrelated work of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). (wikipedia.org)
  • He has been described as the 'architect' of Australia's scientific boom, for his stewardship of Australia's scientific organisation the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation - CSIRO. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • Additionally, environmental data were recorded including presence of common water source shared with other animals in the ranch, cohabitation with other animals (cats, dogs, cattle), and climatic conditions. (beds.ac.uk)
  • In fact it probably is the most common parasitic platyhelminth in modern poultry facilities throughout the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • dissemination
  • The last two sessions deal with the application of modelling, and collection, collation, analysis and dissemination of data on vector-borne and other parasitic diseases. (cgiar.org)
  • He was a key champion of indigenous medical research and the dissemination of homegrown scientific medical information-such as, new clinical modalities, field studies and discoveries, etc.-via cooperation with indigenous and overseas scholarly reviewed publications, medical panels, and scientific proceedings. (wikipedia.org)
  • a mechanism for the documentation and dissemination of vital information on local diseases within the East and Central African region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Life Cycles
  • A. ocellatum is also an obligate parasitic microbe, depending on marine animals to survive and complete their life cycles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Their numerical dominance, often exceeding a million individuals per square meter and accounting for about 80% of all individual animals on earth, their diversity of life cycles, and their presence at various trophic levels point at an important role in many ecosystems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Occur
  • Although this disease is not fatal in all cases and spontaneous recovery can occur, the death rate is relatively high and listed at a mortality rate of over fifty percent. (wikipedia.org)
  • parasite
  • When he returned to Sydney he set up a veterinary practice, lectured at the University and continued his own research on hydatid parasite (Echinococcus granulosus), the liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica), and the dog-tick (Ixodes holocyclus). (wikipedia.org)
  • Sadun's major research thrust was on the human immunologic reaction to parasitic diseases, or more precisely, host-parasite immunological interactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • ticks
  • As part of his work for the new Stock Institute, in 1894 Pound proved that cattle ticks transmitted Redwater Disease (Bacillary Hemoglobinuria), which was causing heavy losses in Queensland cattle. (wikipedia.org)
  • He continued research work on the eradication of cattle ticks and the diseases caused by them. (wikipedia.org)
  • Walter Reed Arm
  • Educated at Harvard and Johns Hopkins University (ScD, zoology), he conducted most of his research as Chief of Medical Zoology at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (1959-1973). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Base Re-alignment and Closure (BRAC) process had ordered the closure of NMRI on the Bethesda campus and its relocation to the Walter Reed Forest Glen Annex with Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, where it was established as Naval Medical Research Center (NMRC), NAMRID was subsequently renamed as NMRCD to reflect the change of name of its parent command. (wikipedia.org)
  • control
  • Session six discusses the effect of disease control programs and session seven reviews modelling systems. (cgiar.org)
  • He also spent time in the United States, mainly in Texas and Louisiana, where he looked at methods of field control of parasitic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • various
  • Pound's activities also included obtaining pathological specimens of various manifestations of diseases in stock and other domesticated animals, and items sent in by stock owners were added to the museum's collection. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001
  • The firm was the subject of an Animal Liberation Front raid in 2001, in which it was claimed that 10 ferrets and 30 beagles were removed from the complex. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical research
  • Naval Medical Research Unit Three (NAMRU-3) is a biomedical research laboratory of the US Navy located in Cairo, Arab Republic of Egypt. (wikipedia.org)
  • Animal rights groups such as PETA have attacked Marshall in the past for breeding animals for scientific and medical research. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Radium Institute and the adjacent Curie Foundation were also home to a major cancer hospital where Marie Curie and Claudius Regaud had initiated radiotherapy with the radium that Marie had discovered and where the first primitive treatments of cancer were applied, and ultimately, it was Rossignol's exposure to medicine during these years that would kindle his interest and determine his future orientation toward medical research. (wikipedia.org)
  • Naval Medical Research Unit Six (NAMRU-6) is a biomedical research laboratory of the US Navy located in Lima, Peru. (wikipedia.org)
  • On Jan 6th 1984, The US Chief of Naval Operations established the laboratory as a detachment of Naval Medical Research Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, it was then known as the acronym NMRID. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1998, NAMRU-6 became part of the newly reorganized Naval Medical Research Center. (wikipedia.org)
  • and a recipient of the coveted Extramural Medical Research Grant presented by the National Institute of Health (NIH), United States of America (U.S.A.). What is more, he was an academician, author, a linguist, and an East African statesman of his day. (wikipedia.org)
  • efficacy
  • Half of the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to William C. Campbell and Satoshi Ōmura for discovering avermectin, "the derivatives of which have radically lowered the incidence of river blindness and lymphatic filariasis, as well as showing efficacy against an expanding number of other parasitic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • These VSGs allow the organism to constantly manipulate and change the surface structure of its proteins, which means it is constantly being presented to the immune system as a new foreign organism and this prevents the body from mounting a large enough immune response to eradicate the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cancer Research
  • Rossignol began to study chemistry at the University of Paris under Prof. Paul Cadiot and prepared a doctorate degree in synthetic organic chemistry in the Department of Chemistry of the Radium Institute in Paris, originally the division of Radiobiology and Cancer Research of the Pasteur Institute. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • In susceptible animals these bacteria can reside in many types of tissue (e. g., muscle, nervous). (usda.gov)
  • Food animals, such as pigs, can also become infected, resulting in people consuming meat products containing tissue cysts. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • 1930s
  • First analyzed in the 1930s, A. ocellatum has since been identified as a major agent of disease among marine life. (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • The existence of numerous nonessential genes in the large PRV genome permits the simultaneous insertion of multiple foreign genes in the hope of vaccinating against several diseases at the same time [ 12 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Chemistry
  • Cavier had tested some of the compounds Rossignol synthesized for his doctorate degree in chemistry, and he offered Rossignol the opportunity to join his laboratory while continuing his medical education. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hospital
  • NAMRU-3 was informally established in Egypt in 1942 when the U.S. Typhus Commission placed a research laboratory staffed by American military scientists and technicians to work with Egyptian physicians adjoining Abbassia Fever Hospital, Cairo, Egypt, thus averting a serious typhus outbreak in the city during and following World War II. (wikipedia.org)
  • vaccine
  • Because this disease is highly durable in its equine host, it has proved very difficult to develop a vaccine for it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, it is crucial to continue research in this field and develop a viable vaccine. (wikipedia.org)
  • methods
  • To provide assistance in training host nation scientists in epidemiologic techniques or modern laboratory molecular biology methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health
  • To augment public health and military medical infrastructure of host and partner nations by assisting in surveillance of outbreaks and providing laboratory surge capacity during pandemics. (wikipedia.org)
  • The host nation benefits by getting access to state of the art treatments and protection against diseases endemic to their country and a more robust public health infrastructure and better trained microbiology and physician population. (wikipedia.org)
  • From Marseille to Geneva, it was only a short trip to the Division of Parasitic Diseases at the World Health Organization under its director, Andrew Davis, and it would be there that two major antiparasitic drugs, praziquantel and albendazole, would be clinically developed. (wikipedia.org)
  • growth
  • The life cycle of A. ocellatum follows a parasitic growth model, maturing from a trophont to a tomont, before growing into a dinospore. (wikipedia.org)