• symptoms
  • Many children with ASD also experience gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms such as irregular bowel movements. (hhs.gov)
  • In these children the presence of GI symptoms is often associated with increased irritability, tantrums, aggressive behavior, and sleep disturbance. (hhs.gov)
  • In known diseases that affect the gut such as celiac disease, changes in behavior are also seen and support a link between GI function/symptoms and behavioral changes in ASD. (hhs.gov)
  • In addition, based on beneficial reports on behaviors and GI symptoms, dietary interventions are commonly used in ASD. (hhs.gov)
  • Using a validated animal model of autistic features, they explore the mechanisms of altered GI function, barrier function and its relationship to immune activation and ASD-like behaviors, as well as the potential of novel probiotic therapeutic approaches to restore barrier function and ameliorate GI symptoms, immune activation and abnormal behavior. (hhs.gov)
  • In particular, the present invention includes methods for treating various repetitive and/or injurious motor activity symptoms of certain obsessive compulsive disorders by peripheral administration of a Clostridial toxin. (google.es)
  • The diagnosis of Asperger's was removed in the 2013 fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), and people with these symptoms are now included within the autism spectrum disorder along with autism and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a pervasive developmental disorder, Asperger syndrome is distinguished by a pattern of symptoms rather than a single symptom. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among patients whose symptoms are severe enough to warrant referral to specialty Tourette's clinics, only a small minority have no other conditions, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are often present. (blogspot.com)
  • The symptoms of this anxiety disorder range from repetitive hand-washing and extensive hoarding to preoccupation with sexual, religious, or aggressive impulses. (blogspot.com)
  • Some symptoms that a child with intellectual disability might show are continued infant-like behavior, a lack of curiosity, the inability to meet educational demands, learning ability that is below average, and the failure to meet developmentally appropriate intellectual goals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Asperger syndrome is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) as a pervasive developmental disorder that is distinguished by a pattern of symptoms rather than a single symptom. (wikipedia.org)
  • Autism, Aspergers and SPD (Sensory Processing Disorder) become diagnosable when symptoms impair one or more domains of function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending on the specific type of hyperkinetic movement, there are different treatment options available to minimize the symptoms, including different medical and surgical therapies. (wikipedia.org)
  • In evaluating these signs and symptoms, one must consider the frequency of repetition, whether or not the movements can be suppressed voluntarily (either by cognitive decisions, restraint, or sensory tricks), the awareness of the affected individual during the movement events, any urges to make the movements, and if the affected individual feels rewarded after having completed the movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common signs and symptoms include significant changes in social and personal behavior, apathy, blunting of emotions, and deficits in both expressive and receptive language. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signs and symptoms are classified into three groups based on the functions of the frontal and temporal lobes: Behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (BvFTD) is characterized by changes in social behavior and conduct, with loss of social awareness and poor impulse control. (wikipedia.org)
  • engage
  • RPM proponents point to the "sole study of RPM", "Harnessing repetitive behaviours to engage attention and learning in a novel therapy for autism: An exploratory analysis", published in the journal Frontiers in Psychology (2012), as proof of the method's efficacy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tourette
  • Dr. Garner serves, or has served, as a council member for the International Society for Applied Ethology, an Editor for Applied Animal Behavior Science, a Special Topics section editor for the Journal of Animal Science, on the AAALAC Board of Trustees, on the SCAW Board of Trustees, on the Scientific Advisory Board of the Trichotillomania Learning Center, the Tourette Association of America, and the Beautiful You MRKH Foundation. (stanford.edu)
  • Stereotypic movement disorder is often misdiagnosed as tics or Tourette syndrome (TS). (wikipedia.org)
  • code F95.2 is for combined vocal and multiple motor tic disorder [de la Tourette]. (wikipedia.org)
  • sensory
  • A popular explanation is stimming, which hypothesizes that a particular stereotyped behavior has a function related to sensory input. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sensory processing disorder is also given as a reason by some therapists for the condition. (wikipedia.org)
  • These behaviors, when viewed through the lense of SPD and autism, can be seen as an adaptive response to over and underwhelming interpretation of sensory stimuli. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mukhopadhyay postulates that, by observing student's self-stimulatory behaviors (as in the case of autism, the "sensory preoccupations that drive and develop them"), she can identify each student's "dominant learning channel" (visual, tactile, or auditory) and individualize a program to match his or her needs. (wikipedia.org)
  • neurobiological
  • This trial is part of a larger project designed to elucidate the neurobiological bases of repetitive behavior disorders and to develop rational, safe, and effective pharmacological treatments. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Pharmacological MRI (phMRI) is a new and promising method to study the effects of substances on brain function that can ultimately be used to unravel underlying neurobiological mechanisms behind drug action and neurotransmitter-related disorders, such as depression and ADHD. (jove.com)
  • one's
  • Excoriation disorder is a mental disorder characterized by the repeated urge to pick at one's own skin, often to the extent that damage is caused. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body-focused repetitive behavior (BFRB) is an umbrella name for impulse control behaviors involving compulsively damaging one's physical appearance or causing physical injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dermatillomania (also known as compulsive skin picking or CSP) is an impulse control disorder and form of self-injury characterized by the repeated urge to pick at one's own skin, often to the extent that damage is caused. (blogspot.com)
  • Co-contraction refers to a voluntary movement performed to suppress the involuntary movement, such as forcing one's wrist toward the body to stop it from involuntarily moving away from the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • if the child is not distressed by movements and daily activities are not impaired, diagnosis is not warranted. (wikipedia.org)
  • Concern about the categorical system of diagnosis is expressed, but the conclusion is the reality that alternative definitions for most disorders is scientifically premature. (wikipedia.org)
  • DSM-5 has discarded the multiaxial system of diagnosis (formerly Axis I, Axis II, Axis III), listing all disorders in Section II. (wikipedia.org)
  • As diagnosis is based on clinical criteria, any potentially relevant rodent models of this heterogeneous disorder should ideally recapitulate these diverse behavioral traits. (jove.com)
  • Several factors complicate the diagnosis of Asperger syndrome (AS), an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). (wikipedia.org)
  • Diagnosis of Asperger syndrome can be tricky as there is a lack of a standardized diagnostic screening for the disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the US National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, physicians look for the presence of a primary group of behaviors to make a diagnosis such as abnormal eye contact, aloofness, failure to respond when called by name, failure to use gestures to point or show, lack of interactive play with others, and a lack of interest in peers. (wikipedia.org)
  • cognitive
  • The BTBR T + Itpr3 tf /J (BTBR) mouse is an established animal model of ASD, displaying repetitive behaviors such as increased grooming, as well as cognitive inflexibility. (jove.com)
  • Motor
  • Children that appear to have extremely poor coordination that interferes with achievement or age-appropriate activities of daily living (e.g., walking, playing catch, etc) may be suffering from a Motor Skills Disorder . (riyouthsuicidepreventionproject.org)
  • This repetitive motor behavior, referred to as "inchworming," was named because of the stereotypic nature of the movements exhibited by the mice while moving horizontally across the floor. (jove.com)
  • Hyperkinesia is a state of excessive restlessness which is featured in a large variety of disorders that affect the ability to control motor movement, such as Huntington's disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • It may occur in situations where the individual's motor intention spreads to either nearby or distant muscles, taking away from the original goal of the movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media Tics are sudden, repetitive, nonrhythmic movements (motor tics) and utterances (phonic tics) that involve discrete muscle groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Motor tics are movement-based tics, while phonic tics are involuntary sounds produced by moving air through the nose, mouth, or throat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transient tic disorders consisted of multiple motor tics, phonic tics or both, with a duration between four weeks and twelve months. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fifth version of the DSM (DSM-5), published in May 2013, reclassified Tourette's and tic disorders as motor disorders listed in the neurodevelopmental disorder category, and replaced transient tic disorder with provisional tic disorder, but made few other significant changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • interferes
  • when the need to Stim or the amount of stimming interferes with normal behavior, it becomes diagnosable as autism, Aspergers or SPD (not yet recognized in DSM). (wikipedia.org)