• 1971
  • Over the last decade the histories of religion and of medicine in the early modern period have developed a more conceptually robust demeanour embracing the achievements and examples of works like Keith Thomas' Religion and the Decline of Magic (1971) and Charles Webster's The Great Instauration (1975). (history.ac.uk)
  • Galen
  • The development of science and medicine pioneered by Galen, a philosopher whose medical knowledge and theory guided practitioners for almost two millennia, hit levels of exploration and understanding in ancient Rome that warranted its basis as common medical theory. (wmich.edu)
  • During the Middle Ages in Western Europe, the medical knowledge and understanding that people relied on was from the Roman and Greek understanding of medicine, specifically Galen, Hippocrates, and Aristotle. (wikipedia.org)
  • charity
  • Fa Xian, a Chinese Buddhist monk who travelled across India ca. 400 CE, recorded in his travelogue that The heads of the Vaishya [merchant] families in them [all the kingdoms of north India] establish in the cities houses for dispensing charity and medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the third century, the Christian church was responsible for almost all charity, including charity in the field of medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • Through religion it is taught that birth is not a disease that needs treatment but a part of the life. (gvsu.edu)
  • The public, then as well as now, used literature as a medium through which they projected how they viewed their reality, including views of medicine and disease. (wmich.edu)
  • This includes the view that disease is a mental error rather than physical disorder, and that the sick should be treated not by medicine, but by a form of prayer that seeks to correct the beliefs responsible for the illusion of ill health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clark
  • Religion' to a Christopher Haigh or a John Morrill, or a Jonathon Clark or a Christopher Hill, may invoke very different, contradictory and perhaps radically incommensurable understandings of ecclesiastical institutions, patterns of belief, articulations of meaning, processes of communal identity, or discourses of legitimation. (history.ac.uk)
  • health
  • Many of these papers attempt to correct shortcomings in the previous religion-health literature, including a lack of good theoretical grounding and lack of longitudinal, or long-duration, research methodologies. (patheos.com)
  • The concepts of intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity, mentioned in Part I of this article, play a major role in most social scientific research into religion and health. (patheos.com)
  • A team of researchers led by Steven Pirutinsky of Columbia University trained their investigative lens on the interaction between depression, physical health, and intrinsic religiosity - participating in religion for its own sake, without necessarily expecting social or material rewards - among Orthodox and non-Orthodox Jews. (patheos.com)
  • Doctors that follow this form of "Christian medicine" typically endorse the apparent health benefits of prayer and fasting, advocated by the Church, while sharing the Church's view of abortion, contraception and homosexuality as grave sins. (balkaninsight.com)
  • Westberg was a pioneer in exploring and encouraging the interrelationship of religion and medicine and in fostering holistic health care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Westberg continued focusing on religion and health and a team approach to health care, using strategies such as interdisciplinary case conferences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Siddha medicine is said to have been practiced during the First Sangam, and people "enjoyed mental and bodily health, respecting nature and living hygienically. (wikipedia.org)
  • beliefs
  • Whether exploring and interpreting the impact of diverse Protestant theologies and beliefs upon the universities, the parishes, or the popular mentalité, historians of religion have become comfortable with exploring the nature, meaning and function of 'religion' in early modern historiography. (history.ac.uk)
  • Another strategy has concentrated upon 'popular' religion, the beliefs and activities of the common people performed in the parish or the environment of the family. (history.ac.uk)
  • movement
  • Christian Science leaders place their religion within mainstream Christian teaching, according to J. Gordon Melton, and reject any identification with the New Thought movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • modern
  • If the anthropological tradition was interested in exploring (very crudely) the meaning that religion had for early modern society, those who emphasized the political dimensions of religion ultimately stressed the connections between religion and power. (history.ac.uk)
  • It was not until modern medicine that the two fields split. (gvsu.edu)
  • Program
  • The article reports on the launch of a new program regarding the role of religion in practicing medicine, by the University Of Chicago School Of Medicine in Chicago, Illinois, trusted by the John Templeton Foundation. (ebscohost.com)
  • New program will study the role of religion in practicing medicine. (ebscohost.com)
  • According to Farr A. Curlin, co-director of the Program on Medicine and Religion, shared prayer between a patient and a physician is not a clinical intervention or a medical technique. (ebscohost.com)
  • In 1964 Westberg became the Dean of the Institute of Religion, which was located in the heart of the Texas Medical Center in Houston and linked to five Texas seminaries, providing a graduate program in pastoral care and counseling. (wikipedia.org)
  • prayer
  • The following passage from the New American Bible (Book of Sirach [Ecclesiasticus] 38:1-15) helps to explain how medicine and prayer are not opposed. (mentalhealth.com)
  • The church does not require that Christian Scientists avoid all medical care-adherents use dentists, optometrists, obstetricians, physicians for broken bones, and vaccination when required by law-but maintains that Christian-Science prayer is most effective when not combined with medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • thus
  • As the focus is on a primordial deity superior to all other gods, Xiantiandao sects claim to represent a Way (Dào) that transcends, comes before, and thus overcomes all existing religions. (wikipedia.org)
  • cases
  • Parents belonging to various religions, in particular Christian Science, have used these exemptions as legal defenses in criminal cases for failing to provide medical care for children who then died. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the death of their son, the Swans left the Christian Science Church, and in 1983, Rita Swan founded the nonprofit organization, Children's Healthcare is a Legal Duty (CHILD), and has worked "relentlessly" to publicize cases of religion-related child abuse and neglect. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • More recently, developing from the writings of two Cambridge historians in the 1980s, the study of religion has become more political. (history.ac.uk)
  • Among the small group assisting with the catering are a pharmacy student and Ciprian's younger sister, who hopes to study medicine herself. (balkaninsight.com)
  • Christian
  • For some historians 'religion' is to be most readily identified with a traditional understanding of Christian faith: a complex admixture of doctrinal, ceremonial, liturgical and pastoral propositions and activities. (history.ac.uk)
  • Christian Science became the fastest growing religion in the United States, with nearly 270,000 members by 1936, a figure that had declined by 1990 to just over 100,000. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most significantly, she dismissed the material world as an illusion, rather than as merely subordinate to Mind, leading her to reject the use of medicine, or materia medica, and making Christian Science the most controversial of the metaphysical groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • relationship
  • For the Orthodox, intrinsic religion was about a relationship with the Divine, and a good relationship appeared to protect against depression. (patheos.com)
  • popular
  • His commentary on the Hunayn ibn Ishaq's Questions on Medicine, however, may have been even more popular, judging from the large number of copies preserved today. (wikipedia.org)
  • stories
  • Also on the show was Jeff Polish, executive director of The Monti , who is curating a storytelling show featuring stories about the intersection of medicine and religion this Friday at the Carolina Theatre. (duke.edu)
  • approach
  • That is to say that on top of the rather diluted anthropological approach to the function of religion within parish communities derived from the exemplar of Thomas' work, a sort of political sociology has been grafted. (history.ac.uk)
  • found
  • An understanding of how to improve patient adherence to treatment plans can also be found through religion. (gvsu.edu)