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  • Bacillus
  • Lysogenic conversion has shown to enable biofilm formation in Bacillus anthracis Strains of B. anthracis cured of all phage were unable to form biofilms, which are surface-adhered bacterial communities that enable bacteria to better access nutrients and survive environmental stresses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Species
  • Jennifer Tsang and Timothy R. Hoover, "Themes and Variations: Regulation of RpoN-Dependent Flagellar Genes across Diverse Bacterial Species," Scientifica , vol. 2014, Article ID 681754, 14 pages, 2014. (hindawi.com)
  • In this work, we describe a unique series of posttranscriptional regulatory strategies that influence expression of ethanolamine utilization genes ( eut ) in Enterococcus , Clostridium , and Listeria species. (pnas.org)
  • Correspondingly, several bacterial species found within the GI tract encode the machinery necessary for ethanolamine catabolism, including, but not limited to, E. faecalis , Streptococcus sanguinis , Escherichia coli , and Salmonella , Listeria , and Clostridium species. (pnas.org)
  • Numerous sRNAs have been identified using both computational analysis and laboratory-based techniques such as Northern blotting, microarrays and RNA-Seq in a number of bacterial species including Escherichia coli, the model pathogen Salmonella, the nitrogen-fixing alphaproteobacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti, marine cyanobacteria, Francisella tularensis (the causative agent of tularaemia), Streptococcus pyogenes, the pathogen Staphylococcus aureus, and the plant pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pathovar oryzae. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is also a nonsaccharolytic bacterial species. (wikipedia.org)
  • regulatory
  • Together, these results suggest an intricate and carefully coordinated interplay of multiple regulatory strategies for control of ethanolamine utilization genes. (pnas.org)
  • Riboswitches are typically located in the untranslated regions of mRNAs where they form alternative structures in the presence and absence of the ligand and modulate expression of genes through the formation of regulatory elements. (springer.com)
  • Contrary to the general assumption at the time that all genetic regulations would be negative, René Thomas showed that genetic regulation can also be positive, i.e. that the products of some regulatory genes can directly activate target genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • combined A repressive effect of Fis and previously characterized negative regulatory factors could be responsible to keep the gene silenced most of the time. (wikipedia.org)
  • regulate
  • Discovered over a decade ago in all three kingdoms of life, riboswitches specifically and directly interact with various metabolites and regulate expression of multiple genes, often associated with metabolism and transport of small molecules. (springer.com)
  • Dam methylase is an orphan methyltransferase that is not part of a restriction-modification system but operates independently to regulate gene expression, mismatch repair, and bacterial replication amongst many other functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alternately, sRNAs may interact with mRNA targets and regulate gene expression by binding to complementary mRNA and blocking transcription, or by unmasking or blocking the ribosome-binding site. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacterium
  • Generally, a single avirulence gene (in the bacterium) corresponds to a single resistance gene (in the plant host), giving rise to the concept of a gene-for-gene response. (wikipedia.org)
  • metabolic
  • Prior to the discovery of riboswitches, the mechanism by which some genes involved in multiple metabolic pathways were regulated remained mysterious. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some cis-acting sRNAs act as riboswitches, which have receptors for specific environmental or metabolic signals and activate or repress genes based on these signals. (wikipedia.org)
  • mammalian
  • Ethanolamine is a product of the catabolism of phosphatidylethanolamine, an abundant phospholipid in both mammalian and bacterial membranes ( 3 , 4 ). (pnas.org)
  • Listeria
  • For Listeria monocytogenes , the genes of the ethanolamine utilization ( eut ) locus exhibit increased expression inside the host cell, and loss of one of the key enzymes, EutB, causes a defect in intracellular growth ( 6 ). (pnas.org)
  • infection
  • To investigate the significance of adhesin release during bacterial infection, we used Bordetella pertussis , the whooping cough agent, as a model. (rupress.org)
  • This bacterial strain is an environmental isolate capable of killing >90% of these mussels by intoxication (i.e., not infection), as a result of natural product(s) associated with their cell walls, and with dead Pf-145A cells killing the mussels equally as well as live cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzyme
  • What is meant by the "one gene-one enzyme" hypothesis (Beadle and Tatum)? (brainscape.com)
  • It should be noted that upregulated genes related to two-component signal transduction systems and a denitrification enzyme pathway [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The glmS gene codes for glucosamine-6-phosphate (GlcN6P) synthase and expression of the gene is inhibited by the product of the enzyme reaction, GlcN6P. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The fis gene is cotranscribed with the upstream dusB gene encoding a tRNA-modifying enzyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • role
  • For the last three decades, FQs played an important role in treatment of serious bacterial infections, especially hospital-acquired infections. (hindawi.com)
  • machinery
  • The regulation of its photosynthetic machinery is of great interest to researchers, as R. sphaeroides has an intricate system for sensing O2 tensions. (wikipedia.org)
  • photosynthetic
  • When successful, the common symptoms of bacterial blight will be seen, with the main effect on the plant being a reduction in photosynthetic leaf area. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • We show that growth rate can be used to predict the unregulated expression baseline of a gene, since growth rate dependence of global regulation occurs both in steady state and during transient changes in growth rate. (embopress.org)
  • Following ingestion of the bacterial cells mussel death occurs following lysis and necrosis of the digestive gland and sloughing of stomach epithelium. (wikipedia.org)
  • strains
  • Eight genes, phlHGFACBDE, are annotated in this cluster and conserved organizationally in 2,4-DAPG-producing strains of P. fluorescens. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phylogenetic and genomic analysis, though, has revealed that the entire phl gene cluster is ancestral to P. fluorescens, many strains have lost the capacity, and it exists on different genomic regions among strains. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacillus
  • Lysogenic conversion has shown to enable biofilm formation in Bacillus anthracis Strains of B. anthracis cured of all phage were unable to form biofilms, which are surface-adhered bacterial communities that enable bacteria to better access nutrients and survive environmental stresses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Species
  • Jennifer Tsang and Timothy R. Hoover, "Themes and Variations: Regulation of RpoN-Dependent Flagellar Genes across Diverse Bacterial Species," Scientifica , vol. 2014, Article ID 681754, 14 pages, 2014. (hindawi.com)
  • In this work, we describe a unique series of posttranscriptional regulatory strategies that influence expression of ethanolamine utilization genes ( eut ) in Enterococcus , Clostridium , and Listeria species. (pnas.org)
  • Correspondingly, several bacterial species found within the GI tract encode the machinery necessary for ethanolamine catabolism, including, but not limited to, E. faecalis , Streptococcus sanguinis , Escherichia coli , and Salmonella , Listeria , and Clostridium species. (pnas.org)
  • Numerous sRNAs have been identified using both computational analysis and laboratory-based techniques such as Northern blotting, microarrays and RNA-Seq in a number of bacterial species including Escherichia coli, the model pathogen Salmonella, the nitrogen-fixing alphaproteobacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti, marine cyanobacteria, Francisella tularensis (the causative agent of tularaemia), Streptococcus pyogenes, the pathogen Staphylococcus aureus, and the plant pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pathovar oryzae. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is also a nonsaccharolytic bacterial species. (wikipedia.org)
  • regulatory
  • Together, these results suggest an intricate and carefully coordinated interplay of multiple regulatory strategies for control of ethanolamine utilization genes. (pnas.org)
  • Riboswitches are typically located in the untranslated regions of mRNAs where they form alternative structures in the presence and absence of the ligand and modulate expression of genes through the formation of regulatory elements. (springer.com)
  • Contrary to the general assumption at the time that all genetic regulations would be negative, René Thomas showed that genetic regulation can also be positive, i.e. that the products of some regulatory genes can directly activate target genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • combined A repressive effect of Fis and previously characterized negative regulatory factors could be responsible to keep the gene silenced most of the time. (wikipedia.org)
  • regulate
  • Discovered over a decade ago in all three kingdoms of life, riboswitches specifically and directly interact with various metabolites and regulate expression of multiple genes, often associated with metabolism and transport of small molecules. (springer.com)
  • Dam methylase is an orphan methyltransferase that is not part of a restriction-modification system but operates independently to regulate gene expression, mismatch repair, and bacterial replication amongst many other functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alternately, sRNAs may interact with mRNA targets and regulate gene expression by binding to complementary mRNA and blocking transcription, or by unmasking or blocking the ribosome-binding site. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacterium
  • Generally, a single avirulence gene (in the bacterium) corresponds to a single resistance gene (in the plant host), giving rise to the concept of a gene-for-gene response. (wikipedia.org)
  • metabolic
  • Prior to the discovery of riboswitches, the mechanism by which some genes involved in multiple metabolic pathways were regulated remained mysterious. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some cis-acting sRNAs act as riboswitches, which have receptors for specific environmental or metabolic signals and activate or repress genes based on these signals. (wikipedia.org)
  • mammalian
  • Ethanolamine is a product of the catabolism of phosphatidylethanolamine, an abundant phospholipid in both mammalian and bacterial membranes ( 3 , 4 ). (pnas.org)
  • Listeria
  • For Listeria monocytogenes , the genes of the ethanolamine utilization ( eut ) locus exhibit increased expression inside the host cell, and loss of one of the key enzymes, EutB, causes a defect in intracellular growth ( 6 ). (pnas.org)
  • infection
  • To investigate the significance of adhesin release during bacterial infection, we used Bordetella pertussis , the whooping cough agent, as a model. (rupress.org)
  • This bacterial strain is an environmental isolate capable of killing >90% of these mussels by intoxication (i.e., not infection), as a result of natural product(s) associated with their cell walls, and with dead Pf-145A cells killing the mussels equally as well as live cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzyme
  • What is meant by the "one gene-one enzyme" hypothesis (Beadle and Tatum)? (brainscape.com)
  • It should be noted that upregulated genes related to two-component signal transduction systems and a denitrification enzyme pathway [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The glmS gene codes for glucosamine-6-phosphate (GlcN6P) synthase and expression of the gene is inhibited by the product of the enzyme reaction, GlcN6P. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The fis gene is cotranscribed with the upstream dusB gene encoding a tRNA-modifying enzyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • role
  • For the last three decades, FQs played an important role in treatment of serious bacterial infections, especially hospital-acquired infections. (hindawi.com)
  • machinery
  • The regulation of its photosynthetic machinery is of great interest to researchers, as R. sphaeroides has an intricate system for sensing O2 tensions. (wikipedia.org)
  • photosynthetic
  • When successful, the common symptoms of bacterial blight will be seen, with the main effect on the plant being a reduction in photosynthetic leaf area. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • We show that growth rate can be used to predict the unregulated expression baseline of a gene, since growth rate dependence of global regulation occurs both in steady state and during transient changes in growth rate. (embopress.org)
  • Following ingestion of the bacterial cells mussel death occurs following lysis and necrosis of the digestive gland and sloughing of stomach epithelium. (wikipedia.org)
  • strains
  • Eight genes, phlHGFACBDE, are annotated in this cluster and conserved organizationally in 2,4-DAPG-producing strains of P. fluorescens. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phylogenetic and genomic analysis, though, has revealed that the entire phl gene cluster is ancestral to P. fluorescens, many strains have lost the capacity, and it exists on different genomic regions among strains. (wikipedia.org)