• Child Psychology
  • Murphy disliked the behaviorist approach to child psychology that was popular at the time, specifically Watson's ideas about the discipline of children, so it wasn't until she was introduced to her future husband, Gardner Murphy, and other psychologists with less strict views that she kindled a serious interest in developmental psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to explore her ideas on child psychology further, she went back to Sarah Lawrence College in 1937 and founded The Nursery School, a laboratory where she could research children's personality development. (wikipedia.org)
  • face recognition
  • Face-matching experts at the Australian Passport Office are 20 per cent more accurate than average people at detecting fraud using automatic face recognition software, new research shows. (edu.au)
  • Our research shows that accuracy can be significantly improved by recruiting staff who are naturally good at face recognition - the so-called "super-recognisers" - and then giving them in-depth training in the use of the software," says study lead author and UNSW psychologist Dr David White . (edu.au)
  • Automatic face recognition software is increasingly being used for police work or when people apply for identity documents such as passports, immigration visas or driver licences. (edu.au)
  • The accuracy of automatic face recognition software has improved markedly in recent years. (edu.au)
  • Real Australian passport application images were used in the experiment as well as a face recognition system used to screen passport applications for identity fraud. (edu.au)
  • As a result of Dr White's research, the Australian Passport Office has recently begun to recruit staff who are naturally good at face recognition. (edu.au)
  • As well as being a striking illusion, the Thatcher illusion has also been useful in revealing the psychology of face recognition. (wikipedia.org)
  • paradigm
  • In the present article, a simplified conjoint recognition paradigm and multinomial model is introduced and validated as a measurement tool for the separate assessment of verbatim and gist memory processes. (ed.gov)
  • word recognition
  • Computational simulations show that knowing 'formubo' increases lexical competition when hearing 'formu…', but reduces segment prediction error.The time course of magnetoencephalographic brain responses in the superior temporal gyrus (STG) is uniquely consistent with a segment prediction account.This prediction error signal explains the efficiency of human word recognition and simulates neural responses in auditory regions. (nih.gov)
  • The Significance of Letter Position in Word Recognition (Ph.D.). Psychology Department, University of Nottingham, Nottingham UK (unpublished). (wikipedia.org)
  • journal
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 16, 893-909. (wikipedia.org)
  • Witmer created the world's first "psychological clinic" at the University of Pennsylvania in 1896, as well as the first journal of clinical psychology and the first clinical hospital school in 1907. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to "Asian American Journal of Psychology", "Coping with perceived racial and gender discrimination experiences among 11 Asian/Asian American female faculty at various Christian universities" have been examined in this theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • theories
  • Despite the popularity and influence of dual-process theories [for recognition memory], they are controversial because of the difficulty in obtaining separate empirical estimates of recollection and familiarity and the greater parsimony associated with single-process theories. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sociology
  • In 1963, the department relocated to Green Hall on the corner of Washington St. and William St. The building, which had been previously occupied by the School of Engineering, was redesigned by university alumnus Francis W. Roudebush for the use of the psychology and sociology departments. (wikipedia.org)
  • novel
  • S, state units, and PE, prediction error units) during recognition of the source word "formula," novel word "formubo," and baseline "formuty" after "formubo" has been added to the lexicon. (nih.gov)
  • abilities
  • We investigated the development of emotion recognition abilities through childhood and adolescence, testing the hypothesis that children's ability to recognize simple emotions is modulated by chronological age, pubertal stage and gender. (frontiersin.org)
  • The normative data provided in this study will aid clinicians and researchers in assessing the emotion recognition abilities of children and will facilitate the identification of abnormalities in a skill that is often impaired in neurodevelopmental disorders. (frontiersin.org)
  • If emotion recognition abilities are a good model with which to understand adolescent development, then these results could have implications for the education, mental health provision and legal treatment of teenagers. (frontiersin.org)
  • describe
  • The first formal attempt to describe recognition was by the English Doctor Arthur Wigan in his book Duality of the Mind. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sociocultural perspective is a theory used in plenty of fields such as psychology and is used to describe awareness of circumstances surrounding individuals and how their behaviors are affected specifically by their surrounding, social and cultural factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • field
  • He introduced the term "clinical psychology" and is often credited with founding the field that it describes. (wikipedia.org)
  • James McKeen Cattell and the Experimental Psychological Lab While at Pennsylvania he was introduced to experimental psychologist James McKeen Cattell, who inspired him to begin studying in the emerging field of psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Department
  • For over a century, the department has been one of the most notable psychology departments in the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1915, psychology received recognition in the title when the department was renamed Department of Philosophy and Psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was not until 1920, however, that the Department of Psychology was established with Howard Warren as its first chairman. (wikipedia.org)
  • An Office of Public Opinion Research was established when Hadley Cantril was department head: Already by the mid-1930s, Cantril made contact with Gallup, who, welcoming recognition of his new methods by an academic scholar, offered the Princeton man the full use of his facilities at cost. (wikipedia.org)
  • committee
  • The Division of Occupational Psychology committee recognised her tireless efforts in developing a professional, well-evaluated coaching service for adults with dyslexia and other neuro-differences in the workplace. (geniuswithin.org)
  • study
  • This study examines the role of verbal labels in picture recognition by 5-year-olds and adults to find out if recognition accuracy and time of recognition choice is influenced by the use of labels. (ed.gov)
  • This study investigates the nature of the social bond between young degus and their mothers with a special emphasis on infant-mother recognition. (biomedsearch.com)
  • These findings and later studies confirming vertebrate commonalities led her to establish trans-species psychology as a theory and method for the study and care of animals (human-inclusive). (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence for the single-process view comes from an electrode recording study done on epileptic patients who took an item-recognition task. (wikipedia.org)
  • Peer
  • You can read more on Nancy's evaluation research, which was peer reviewed and presented at the British Psychological Society's 2013 Occupational Psychology Conference, here . (geniuswithin.org)
  • thesis
  • Maslow regarded the research as embarrassingly trivial, but he completed his thesis the summer of 1931 and was awarded his master's degree in psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was so ashamed of the thesis that he removed it from the psychology library and tore out its catalog listing. (wikipedia.org)
  • memory
  • Recognition memory, a subcategory of declarative memory, is the ability to recognize previously encountered events, objects, or people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recognition memory can be subdivided into two component processes: recollection and familiarity, sometimes referred to as "remembering" and "knowing", respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • Woodsworth (1913) and Margaret and Edward Strong (1916) were the first people to experimentally use and record findings employing the delayed matching to sample task to analyze recognition memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Next came attempts to determine the upper limits of recognition memory, a task that Standing (1973) endeavored. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1980 George Mandler introduced the recollection-familiarity distinction, more formally known as the dual process theory It is debatable whether familiarity and recollection should be considered as separate categories of recognition memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, rather than consisting of two separate categories, single-process models regard recognition memory as a continuum ranging from weak memories to strong memories. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • The building was named in honor of Henry Eno, the principal donor and research associate in psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anderman & Anderman, 2000) to acknowledge the importance of context and to call for its greater recognition in educational psychology, and more particularly in motivational research. (wikipedia.org)
  • main
  • Darwin sought out the opinions of some leading British psychiatrists, notably James Crichton-Browne, in the preparation of the book which forms his main contribution to psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • words
  • Following this Benton Underwood was the first person to analyze the concept of recognition errors in relation to words in 1969. (wikipedia.org)
  • experience
  • Arthur Allin (1896) was the first person to publish an article attempting to explicitly define and differentiate between subjective and objective definitions of the experience of recognition although his findings are based mostly on introspections. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • Murphy was instrumental in changing the ways in which children were viewed in psychology-previous work tended to focus on pathology, while Murphy emphasized more positive and social elements, including normal development and the development of empathy and ethics in children. (wikipedia.org)
  • time
  • His objective explanation of the lack of recognition is when a person observes an object for a second time and experiences the feeling of familiarity that they experienced this object at a previous time. (wikipedia.org)
  • terms
  • We then modeled these cross-sectional data in terms of competence in accurate recognition of the six emotions studied, when the positive correlation between emotion recognition and IQ was controlled. (frontiersin.org)
  • found
  • Witmer and Cattell worked together to found an experimental psychology lab with the purpose of studying individual differences by examining a range of subjects. (wikipedia.org)