• probability
  • For m=n, after a sufficiently long time, with high probability the maximum load is similar to the finite version, both with random allocation and with partially random allocation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact, when the rankings of the agents over the objects are drawn uniformly at random, the probability that the allocation given by RSD is Pareto efficient approaches zero as the number of agents grows. (wikipedia.org)
  • The observed proportionate agreement is: p o = a + d a + b + c + d = 20 + 15 50 = 0.7 {\displaystyle p_{o}={\frac {a+d}{a+b+c+d}}={\frac {20+15}{50}}=0.7} To calculate pe (the probability of random agreement) we note that: Reader A said "Yes" to 25 applicants and "No" to 25 applicants. (wikipedia.org)
  • satisfies
  • We show that if some of the feasibility constraints can be treated as goals rather than hard constraints then, subject to weak conditions that we identify, any expected allocation that satisfies all the constraints and goals can be implemented by randomizing among nearby integer allocations that satisfy all the hard constraints exactly and the goals approximately. (stanford.edu)
  • male
  • Methods Twenty healthy male volunteers (mean age 34.7 y) were randomized (random allocation) to receive either 300 mg theophylline daily or placebo 5 days prior, during ascent, and during a stay at 4,559 m altitude. (wiley.com)
  • known
  • This procedure is known as random dictatorship (RD), and is the unique procedure that is efficient and strategyproof when preferences are strict. (wikipedia.org)
  • good
  • There is less slice & dice advice in the stock allocation - 'Two-thirds in US stocks with good representation of smaller growth companies and one-third in International stocks including emerging markets' The earlier version had more specific recommendations. (early-retirement.org)