• Discrimination
  • The issue of race has been in the news a lot lately with the canning of proposed amendments to Australia's Racial Discrimination Act, attempts by extremists to commit genocide on cultural minorities in Iraq and a new book by US author Nicholas Wade that has scientists claiming their work was hijacked to promote an ideological agenda. (theconversation.com)
  • different
  • Under the General Government of occupied Poland in 1940, the Nazis divided the population into different groups, each with different rights, food rations, allowed housing strips in the cities, public transportation, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • The degree of human genetic variation is a little different depending upon the gene type studied, but in general it is common to claim that ~85% of genetic variation is found within groups, ~6-10% between groups within the same continent and ~6-10% is found between continental groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Edwards (2003) claims, "It is not true, as Nature claimed, that 'two random individuals from any one group are almost as different as any two random individuals from the entire world'" and Risch et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • But of course, peoples come packaged many different ways, mostly culturally, and if you don't make a distinction between the kinds of groups you are talking about, then it is not at all clear that you can claim to be talking about races in any meaningfully rigorous sense. (ssrc.org)
  • The authors point out that brain studies will have to bear in mind that individuals of different racial groups can affect the overall results. (blogspot.dk)
  • descent
  • Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent. (wikipedia.org)
  • The modern research in regards to Mexicans of European descent focuses on phenotypical traits such as skin color and hair color rather than on asking the perception of ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • This chapter, based on fieldwork conducted in 2007 at a large public university in Hawaii, explores Asian American college students' relationships with education and technology, and the role of educational and technological factors in their process of negotiating professional and cultural self-identities as contemporary Americans of Asian descent. (igi-global.com)
  • argues
  • Rushton argues that this evolutionary history correlates with, and is responsible for, a consistent global racial pattern which explains many variables such as worldwide crime statistics or the global distribution of AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • races
  • By the mid-19th century, many racists believed the world's population could be divided into a variety of races: groups of people who shared similar physical attributes, such as skin colour and hair texture. (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • 2000
  • In the 2000 Census, Italian Americans made up the largest ancestral group in Staten Island and Long Island, followed by Irish Americans. (forumotion.com)
  • On the one hand, commentators have frequently described Asian Americans as a "model minority," given their impressive aggregate socio-economic, educational, and technological achievements in comparison to other racial groups (see Humes & McKinnon, 2000). (igi-global.com)
  • variation
  • On a typical single locus (on some loci, such as SLC24A5 , most of the variation is between groups). (scienceblogs.com)
  • Human genetic clustering is the degree to which human genetic variation can be partitioned into a small number of groups or clusters. (wikipedia.org)
  • This variation is usually calculated using Sewall Wright's fixation index (FST), which is an estimate of between to within group variation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to that time, and even into the 19th century, human variation was always interpreted as varying in local terms, not in para-continental terms. (ssrc.org)
  • people
  • citation needed] The most commonly used definition of Asian American is the US Census Bureau definition, which includes all people with origins in the Far East, Southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Said registers also put in question other narratives held by contemporary academics, such as European immigrants who arrived to Mexico being almost exclusively men or that "pure Spanish" people were all part of a small powerful elite, as Spaniards were often the most numerous ethnic group in the colonial cities and there were menial workers and people in poverty who were of complete Spanish origin. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the criteria for defining what constitutes a Mestizo varies from study to study as in Mexico a large number of white people have been historically classified as Mestizos because after the Mexican revolution the Mexican government begun defining ethnicity on cultural standards (mainly the language spoken) rather than racial ones. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mexico's northern and western regions have the highest percentages of White population, with the majority of the people not having native admixture or being of predominantly European ancestry, resembling in aspect that of northern Spaniards. (wikipedia.org)
  • and since it was a reification to begin with, it could be applied to pretty much any group of people with their own name, who could be seen to differ, if you looked hard enough, from contrasting groups of people. (ssrc.org)
  • estimate
  • we can estimate that about 120 unselected SNPs or 20 highly selected SNPs can distinguish group CA from NA, AA from AS and AA from NA. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Genetic analysis enables scientists to estimate the geographic ancestry of a person by using ancestry-informative markers, and by inference the probable racial category into which they will be classified in a given society. (wikipedia.org)
  • patterns
  • Changing patterns of immigration and an extensive period of exclusion of Asian immigrants have resulted in demographic changes that have in turn affected the formal and common understandings of what defines Asian American. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cherokee
  • Many Indigenous peoples of the Eastern Woodlands, such as the Narragansett, Pequot, Lumbee and Cherokee, have a significant degree of African ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1776, during the Revolutionary War, Fort Watauga, near Elizabethton, was attacked by a group of Cherokee who worked with the British loyalists. (placesofusa.com)
  • social
  • Recent work has clearly demonstrated that racial social structures, from access to health care to one's own racialized self-image , can impact the ways our bodies and immune systems develop. (psychologytoday.com)
  • The book has been examined as an example of Pioneer's funding of "scientific racist" research, while psychologist Michael Howe has identified the book as part of a movement, begun in the 1990s, to promote a racial agenda in social policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • In her article for The New York Times , ' Race and Racial Identities Are Social Constructs ' , she says that because of the ever-changing definition of the term race, that it is a social construct and not a biological one. (notpoliticallycorrect.me)
  • biological
  • There is not a single biological element unique to any of the groups we call white, black, Asian, Latino, etc. (psychologytoday.com)
  • They run a broad gamut from more-or-less biological to more-or-less cultural, both in the criteria used to define the groups and in the context or circumstances that make such groups interesting or relevant to define. (ssrc.org)
  • fluid
  • Perhaps the most significant discovery is that human groups, however constituted, are fluid, bio-cultural units. (ssrc.org)
  • population
  • It can help scientists understand ancient human population migrations as well as how human groups are biologically related to one another. (wikipedia.org)
  • New York is home to the largest African American population and the second largest Asian American population in the United States. (forumotion.com)
  • Queens, also in New York City, is home to the state's largest Asian-American population, and is also the most diverse county in the United States. (forumotion.com)
  • Even something thought to be so ubiquitous as skin color works only in a limited way as dark or light skin tells us only about a human's amount of ancestry relative to the equator, not anything about the specific population or part of the planet they might be descended from. (psychologytoday.com)
  • For example, since the removal of restrictive "national origins" quotas in 1965, the Asian-American population has diversified greatly to include more of the peoples with ancestry from various parts of Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to 20th and 21st century academics, large scale intermixing between the European immigrants and the native Indigenous peoples would produce a Mestizo group which would become the overwhelming majority of Mexico's population by the time of the Mexican Revolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • However
  • However, the anti-Japanese movement became widespread around 1905, due both to increasing immigration and the Japanese victory over Russia, the first defeat of a western nation by an Asian nation in modern times. (nps.gov)
  • European
  • While the Mexican government periodically conducts racial censuses for "Indigenous Mexicans" and "Afro-Mexicans" it has not conducted a census for European Mexicans for nearly a century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crania of African ancestry tended to have a narrower cranial base, and those of Northern European ancestry had elongated occipital and frontal regions. (blogspot.dk)
  • Similar
  • Chinese labor was cheap labor, and this economic grievance became an ideology of Asian inferiority similar to existing American racial prejudices. (nps.gov)
  • complex
  • Thus the Aryans, the Jews, the French, or the Gypsies could all be considered distinctive and detectable elements, core natural identities buried under complex layers of ancestry. (ssrc.org)
  • American
  • The term Asian American was coined by historian Yuji Ichioka, who is credited with popularizing the term, to frame a new "inter-ethnic-pan-Asian American self-defining political group" in the late 1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, "Asian American" is the accepted term for most formal purposes, such as government and academic research, although it is often shortened to Asian in common usage. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the American Revolution, Lancaster was the capital of the United States for one day, on September 27, 1777, after the Continental Congress fled Philadelphia, which had been captured by the British. (wikipedia.org)
  • Asian American Perspectives on Education and Technology. (igi-global.com)
  • proportion
  • Increases in the proportion of the East Asian component are accompanied by variations in temporal-parietal regions. (blogspot.dk)
  • make
  • Once country of birth and other demographic factors are taken into account, a portion of the sub-groups that make up Asian Americans are much more likely than non-Hispanic White Americans to live in poverty. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to the general definition of Hispanophone, some groups in the Hispanic world make a distinction between Castilian-speaking and Spanish-speaking, with the former term denoting the speakers of the Spanish language-also known as Castilian-and the latter the speakers of the Spanish or Hispanic languages (i.e. the languages of Spain or the languages of the Hispanic nations). (wikipedia.org)
  • laws
  • In the 1920s, states like Virginia enacted eugenic laws, such as its 1924 Racial Integrity Act, which established the one-drop rule as law. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the 1930s and 1940s, Jews in Nazi-controlled states were made to wear yellow ribbons or stars of David, and were, along with Romas (Gypsies), discriminated against by the racial laws. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nativist immigration laws during the 1880s-1920s excluded various Asian groups, eventually prohibiting almost all Asian immigration to the continental United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • After immigration laws were reformed during the 1940s-60s, abolishing national origins quotas, Asian immigration increased rapidly. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both laws were based on the presumption that Asians were aliens ineligible for citizenship, which in turn stemmed from a narrow interpretation of the naturalization statute. (nps.gov)
  • time
  • Two years later, a group of like-minded religious dissidents founded another settlement, this time on Aquidneck Island, and called in Portsmouth. (placesofusa.com)
  • person
  • No person of Japanese ancestry living in the United States was ever convicted of any serious act of espionage or sabotage during the war. (nps.gov)
  • terms
  • This occurs in terms of household income as well, in 2008 Asian Americans had the highest median household income overall of any racial demographic. (wikipedia.org)
  • As with other racial and ethnicity based terms, formal and common usage have changed markedly through the short history of this term. (wikipedia.org)