###### nuclear physicist

- Walther Wilhelm Georg Bothe (8 January 1891 - 8 February 1957) was a German nuclear physicist, who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1954 with Max Born. (wikipedia.org)
- Rudolf Fleischmann (1 May 1903 - 3 February 2002) was a German experimental nuclear physicist from Erlangen, Bavaria. (wikipedia.org)
- Wolfgang Gentner (23 July 1906 in Frankfurt am Main - 4 September 1980 in Heidelberg) was a German experimental nuclear physicist. (wikipedia.org)

###### mechanics

- How about this definition: You're a physicist if you can teach the physics undergrad courses through quantum mechanics. (computationalcomplexity.org)
- Quantum mechanics is littered with different interpretations, but at the core of the entire school of thought is the question of whether there are multiple universes of not. (inverse.com)
- At the core of this idea is the thought, explicated by quantum mechanics, that everything we observe is simply the collapse of all probable scenarios into one specific outcome. (inverse.com)
- Quantum mechanics says that all particles in the universe can be represented by what are called "wave functions. (inverse.com)
- In atomic theory and quantum mechanics , an atomic orbital is a mathematical function that describes the wave-like behavior of either one electron or a pair of electrons in an atom . (wikipedia.org)
- With the development of quantum mechanics and experimental findings (such as the two slit diffraction of electrons), it was found that the orbiting electrons around a nucleus could not be fully described as particles, but needed to be explained by the wave-particle duality . (wikipedia.org)
- Specifically, in quantum mechanics, the state of an atom, i.e., an eigenstate of the atomic Hamiltonian, is approximated by an expansion (see configuration interaction expansion and basis set) into linear combinations of anti-symmetrized products (Slater determinants) of one-electron functions. (wikipedia.org)
- It varies from this value in cases where quantum mechanics becomes important. (wikipedia.org)
- The Gaunt factor was named after the physicist John Arthur Gaunt, based on his work on the quantum mechanics of continuous absorption. (wikipedia.org)
- Our dream is to make quantum mechanics fully engineerable," said William Koehl, lead author and a graduate student in the Awschalom lab. (bio-medicine.org)
- Quantum mechanics was providing many new predictions to be investigated and proved or disproved at the time. (wikipedia.org)
- The Laguerre polynomials arise in quantum mechanics, in the radial part of the solution of the Schrödinger equation for a one-electron atom. (wikipedia.org)
- They also describe the static Wigner functions of oscillator systems in quantum mechanics in phase space. (wikipedia.org)
- They further enter in the quantum mechanics of the Morse potential and of the 3D isotropic harmonic oscillator. (wikipedia.org)
- The Bohr-Einstein debates were a series of public disputes about quantum mechanics between Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr. (wikipedia.org)
- Despite their differences of opinion regarding quantum mechanics, Bohr and Einstein had a mutual admiration that was to last the rest of their lives. (wikipedia.org)
- Play media Quantum superposition is a fundamental principle of quantum mechanics. (wikipedia.org)
- Broad, interdisciplinary coverage includes topics ranging from condensed matter physics, statistical mechanics, quantum information, cold atoms, and soft matter physics to biophysics. (wikipedia.org)
- Helmut Hönl (February 10, 1903 in Mannheim, Germany - March 29, 1981 in Freiburg im Breisgau) was a German theoretical physicist who made contributions to quantum mechanics and the understanding of atomic and molecular structure. (wikipedia.org)
- Even before acquiring his doctorate at Munich, Hönl had done seminal work which contributed to the advancement of quantum mechanics and the understanding of atomic and molecular structure and spectra. (wikipedia.org)
- In the first paper of the trilogy which launched the matrix mechanics formulation of quantum theory in 1925, Werner Heisenberg, a former student of Sommerfeld, working with Max Born at the University of Göttingen, used the work of Hönl, Kronig, and Goudsmit, referring to it as the "Goudsmit-Kronig-Hönl formula. (wikipedia.org)
- At this time, there were three centers of development for quantum mechanics and the interpretation of atomic and molecular structure, based on atomic and molecular spectroscopy, especially the Sommerfeld-Bohr model: the Theoretical Physics Institute at the University of Munich, under Arnold Sommerfeld, the Institute of Theoretical Physics at the University of Göttingen, under Max Born, and the Institute of Theoretical Physics, under Niels Bohr. (wikipedia.org)
- Springer, 2001) ISBN 0-387-95179-2 van der Waerden, B. L., editor, Sources of Quantum Mechanics (Dover Publications, 1968) ISBN 0-486-61881-1 Author Catalog: Hönl Archived 2007-02-05 at the Wayback Machine. (wikipedia.org)
- deutsche Physik, was anti-Semitic and anti-theoretical physics, especially modern physics, including quantum mechanics and both atomic and nuclear physics. (wikipedia.org)

###### Peter Shor

- Physicist: Peter Shor is a physicist. (computationalcomplexity.org)
- Shor's algorithm, named after mathematician Peter Shor, is a quantum algorithm (an algorithm that runs on a quantum computer) for integer factorization formulated in 1994. (wikipedia.org)

###### Niels Bohr

- At least, that's the way it goes according to one interpretation, namely the Copenhagen interpretation first pitched by famed physicists Niels Bohr and Werner Heisenberg. (inverse.com)

###### Shor's

- Computer Scientist: What about Shor's quantum factoring algorithm? (computationalcomplexity.org)
- Large-scale quantum computers would theoretically be able to solve certain problems much more quickly than any classical computers that use even the best currently known algorithms, like integer factorization using Shor's algorithm or the simulation of quantum many-body systems. (wikipedia.org)
- On a quantum computer, to factor an integer N, Shor's algorithm runs in polynomial time (the time taken is polynomial in log N, which is the size of the input). (wikipedia.org)
- The efficiency of Shor's algorithm is due to the efficiency of the quantum Fourier transform, and modular exponentiation by repeated squarings. (wikipedia.org)
- If a quantum computer with a sufficient number of qubits could operate without succumbing to noise and other quantum decoherence phenomena, Shor's algorithm could be used to break public-key cryptography schemes such as the widely used RSA scheme. (wikipedia.org)
- However, Shor's algorithm shows that factoring is efficient on an ideal quantum computer, so it may be feasible to defeat RSA by constructing a large quantum computer. (wikipedia.org)
- In 2001, Shor's algorithm was demonstrated by a group at IBM, who factored 15 into 3 × 5, using an NMR implementation of a quantum computer with 7 qubits. (wikipedia.org)
- Also in 2012, the factorization of 21 was achieved, setting the record for the largest number factored with Shor's algorithm. (wikipedia.org)
- In April 2012, the factorization of 143 was achieved, although this used adiabatic quantum computation rather than Shor's algorithm. (wikipedia.org)
- Shor's algorithm consists of two parts: A reduction, which can be done on a classical computer, of the factoring problem to the problem of order-finding. (wikipedia.org)

###### algorithm

- There exist quantum algorithms, such as Simon's algorithm, that run faster than any possible probabilistic classical algorithm. (wikipedia.org)
- A classical computer could in principle (with exponential resources) simulate a quantum algorithm, as quantum computation does not violate the Church-Turing thesis. (wikipedia.org)
- An algorithm is composed of a fixed sequence of quantum logic gates and a problem is encoded by setting the initial values of the qubits, similar to how a classical computer works. (wikipedia.org)
- The outcome can therefore be at most n {\displaystyle n} classical bits of information (or, if the algorithm did not end with a measurement, the result is an unobserved quantum state). (wikipedia.org)
- This is substantially faster than the most efficient known classical factoring algorithm, the general number field sieve, which works in sub-exponential time - about O(e1.9 (log N)1/3 (log log N)2/3). (wikipedia.org)
- no classical algorithm is known that can factor in polynomial time. (wikipedia.org)
- The quantum algorithm is used for finding the period of randomly chosen elements a {\displaystyle a} , as this is a hard problem on a classical computer. (wikipedia.org)
- A quantum algorithm to solve the order-finding problem. (wikipedia.org)

###### contributions to quantum

- Alfred Landé (13 December 1888 - 30 October 1976) was a German-American physicist known for his contributions to quantum theory. (wikipedia.org)

###### qubit

- The quantum (qubit) state can be initialized and measured using light. (bio-medicine.org)
- This means that each of these defects meets the requirements for use as a quantum bit, or "qubit," which is often described as the quantum mechanical analog of a transistor, since it is the basic unit of a quantum computer. (bio-medicine.org)
- The diamond nitrogen-vacancy center is renowned for its ability to function as a qubit at room temperature, while many other quantum states of matter require an extremely cold temperature, near absolute zero. (bio-medicine.org)
- A small 16-qubit quantum computer exists and is available for experiments via the IBM quantum experience project. (wikipedia.org)

###### experimental

- In initial experiments, the system has independently (re)discovered experimental techniques that are nowadays standard in modern quantum optical laboratories. (innovations-report.com)

###### laboratory

- Scientists at Duke University Medical Center have identified a new growth factor that stimulates the expansion and regeneration of hematopoietic (blood-forming) stem cells in culture and in laboratory animals. (innovations-report.com)
- Chute, working with Heather Himburg, a post-doctoral fellow in his laboratory, discovered that adding pleiotrophin, a naturally-occurring growth factor, stimulated a ten-fold expansion of stem cells taken from the bone marrow of a mouse. (innovations-report.com)
- On the way to an intelligent laboratory, physicists from Innsbruck and Vienna present an artificial agent that autonomously designs quantum experiments. (innovations-report.com)
- A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. (innovations-report.com)

###### computation

- The field of quantum computation has seen tremendous progress in recent years. (innovations-report.com)
- Awschalom is director of UCSB's Center for Spintronics & Quantum Computation, professor of physics, electrical and computer engineering, and the Peter J. Clarke Director of the California NanoSystems Institute. (bio-medicine.org)
- Whereas common digital computing requires that the data be encoded into binary digits (bits), each of which is always in one of two definite states (0 or 1), quantum computation uses quantum bits, which can be in superpositions of states. (wikipedia.org)
- In November 2014, it was discovered that this 2012 adiabatic quantum computation had also factored larger numbers, the largest being 56153. (wikipedia.org)

###### physics

- You have to identify a physicist who's willing to collaborate, talk to each other long enough to start speaking each other's languages, find a physics question which computer science techniques can be fruitfully applied to, and help solve it. (computationalcomplexity.org)
- As a part of quantum physics , it's more philosophy than science. (inverse.com)
- The Gaunt factor (or Kramers-Gaunt factor) is used as a multiplicative correction to the continuous absorption or emission results when calculated using classical physics techniques. (wikipedia.org)
- In cases where classical physics provides a close approximation, the Gaunt factor can be set to 1.0. (wikipedia.org)
- Santa Barbara, Calif. A discovery by physicists at UC Santa Barbara may earn silicon carbide a semiconductor commonly used by the electronics industry a role at the center of a new generation of information technologies designed to exploit quantum physics for tasks such as ultrafast computing and nanoscale sensing. (bio-medicine.org)
- This research fits within a wider effort at UCSB to engineer quantum devices by fostering collaboration between the fields of materials science and quantum physics. (bio-medicine.org)
- citation needed] Einstein was the first physicist to say that Planck's discovery of the quantum (h) would require a rewriting of the laws of physics. (wikipedia.org)
- Falk is a high-energy physicist whose research focuses on elementary particle physics and quantum field theory, particularly the interactions and decay of heavy quarks. (wikipedia.org)
- The impact factor for Advances in Physics 18.062 in 2013, ranking it first in the discipline of condensed matter physics. (wikipedia.org)
- Furthermore, with Sommerfeld educating such capable physicists, when they were called to other facilities, they effectively became extensions of Sommerfeld's Institute of Theoretical Physics. (wikipedia.org)
- At Stuttgart, Ewald and Hönl worked on the quantum theory atomic and molecular structure and solid-state physics. (wikipedia.org)
- As applied in the university environment, political factors took priority over the historically applied concept of scholarly ability, even though its two most prominent supporters were the Nobel Laureates in Physics Philipp Lenard and Johannes Stark. (wikipedia.org)

###### probabilistic

- Landé based his new formulation upon non-quantal principles of symmetry and invariance, with Duane's rule for quantisation of momentum exchange with space-periodic structures, and Leibniz's Principle of Cause-Effect Continuity to explain the intrinsically probabilistic nature of quantum processes. (wikipedia.org)
- The consensus view of professional physicists has been that Bohr proved victorious in his defense of quantum theory, and definitively established the fundamental probabilistic character of quantum measurement. (wikipedia.org)
- Quantum algorithms are often probabilistic, in that they provide the correct solution only with a certain known probability. (wikipedia.org)

###### displaystyle

- In general, a quantum computer with n {\displaystyle n} qubits can be in an arbitrary superposition of up to 2 n {\displaystyle 2^{n}} different states simultaneously (this compares to a normal computer that can only be in one of these 2 n {\displaystyle 2^{n}} states at any one time). (wikipedia.org)
- The problem we are trying to solve is, given an odd composite number N {\displaystyle N} , find an integer d {\displaystyle d} , strictly between 1 {\displaystyle 1} and N {\displaystyle N} , that divides N {\displaystyle N} . We are interested in odd values of N {\displaystyle N} because any even value of N {\displaystyle N} trivially has the number 2 {\displaystyle 2} as a prime factor. (wikipedia.org)
- such a b {\displaystyle b} will lead to a factorization of N {\displaystyle N} , as in other factoring algorithms like the quadratic sieve. (wikipedia.org)

###### 1939

- Gaunt used a 'g' function in his 1930 work, which Chandrasekhar named the 'Gaunt factor' in 1939. (wikipedia.org)
- Walter Gordon (August 13, 1893 - December 24, 1939) was a German theoretical physicist. (wikipedia.org)

###### algorithms

- It was also a powerful motivator for the design and construction of quantum computers and for the study of new quantum computer algorithms. (wikipedia.org)

###### entanglement

- Much like a civil engineer is able to design a bridge based on factors such as load capacity and length span, we'd like to see a day when there are quantum engineers who can design a quantum electronic device based on specifications such as degree of quantum entanglement and quality of interaction with the surrounding environment. (bio-medicine.org)
- Quantum computing is computing using quantum-mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement. (wikipedia.org)

###### magnetic

- Each orbital in an atom is characterized by a unique set of values of the three quantum numbers n , ℓ , and m , which respectively correspond to the electron's energy , angular momentum , and an angular momentum vector component (the magnetic quantum number ). (wikipedia.org)
- The Landé g-factor is now defined through mJ, the magnetic quantum number. (wikipedia.org)

###### atomic

- Atomic orbitals may be defined more precisely in formal quantum mechanical language. (wikipedia.org)
- 1913 brought the Bohr model of the hydrogen atom, which made use of the quantum to explain the atomic spectrum. (wikipedia.org)
- They developed a theoretical model of electron densities and the atomic scattering factor in solids. (wikipedia.org)

###### wave-particl

- This change was driven by Landé's perception that wave-particle duality was an unnecessary misrepresentation of quantum processes that he instead explained by developing a new unitary particle formulation, without dualistic reference to waves. (wikipedia.org)
- To support his point, in 1905 he proposed that light sometimes acts as a particle which he called a light quantum (see photon and wave-particle duality). (wikipedia.org)

###### 1968

- A quantum computer with spins as quantum bits was also formulated for use as a quantum spacetime in 1968. (wikipedia.org)

###### particles

- Oskar Klein and Walter Gordon proposed the Klein-Gordon equation to describe quantum particles in the framework of relativity. (wikipedia.org)

###### atoms

- The renewed interest expressed itself in new experiments with new technical methods, on individual quantum systems, individual atoms, electrons and photons. (wikipedia.org)

###### demonstrate

- The findings demonstrate for the first time that growth factor therapy can be used to generate functional and mature collecting lymphatic vessels. (innovations-report.com)
- In the first stage, Einstein refused to accept quantum indeterminism and sought to demonstrate that the principle of indeterminacy could be violated, suggesting ingenious thought experiments which should permit the accurate determination of incompatible variables, such as position and velocity, or to explicitly reveal simultaneously the wave and the particle aspects of the same process. (wikipedia.org)

###### angular

- The simple names s orbital , p orbital , d orbital and f orbital refer to orbitals with angular momentum quantum number ℓ = 0, 1, 2 and 3 respectively. (wikipedia.org)
- Landé's work contained several new important ideas, including the rule of vector addition of two quantum-mechanical angular momenta J1 and J2. (wikipedia.org)

###### consists

- The stochastic interpretation rests upon the assumption that the quantum vacuum consists of real fields. (wikipedia.org)
- The intended audience consists of physicists, materials scientists, and physical chemists working in universities, industry, and research institutes. (wikipedia.org)

###### superposition

- a pair of qubits can be in any quantum superposition of 4 states, and three qubits in any superposition of 8 states. (wikipedia.org)

###### bits

- UCSB physicists identify room temperature quantum bits in widely used sem. (bio-medicine.org)
- As of 2018,[update] the development of actual quantum computers is still in its infancy, but experiments have been carried out in which quantum computational operations were executed on a very small number of quantum bits. (wikipedia.org)
- A quantum computer with a given number of qubits is fundamentally different from a classical computer composed of the same number of classical bits. (wikipedia.org)

###### German

- Their work has been referenced in the literature as the Ewald-Hönl-Brill model (after the German physicist Rudolf Brill). (wikipedia.org)
- English translation from the German) Annalen der Physik 26 (8): 673-696 (1936) Mehra, Jagdish, and Helmut Rechenberg The Historical Development of Quantum Theory. (wikipedia.org)

###### interpretation

- Landé was a forerunner in a phase of new interpretation of quantum theory, from which concrete physical statements about experimentally verifiable facts can be made. (wikipedia.org)
- However, after 1950 (and for the rest of his life), Landé turned energetically against the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum theory, requiring, as did Einstein, an objectively real description of physical processes. (wikipedia.org)
- In that interpretation the dispersion of results in the measurements is due to lack of control of all relevant factors rather than to a lack of causality (as many quantum physicists believe). (wikipedia.org)

###### integer factorization

- Specifically it takes quantum gates of order O((log N)2(log log N)(log log log N)) using fast multiplication, demonstrating that the integer factorization problem can be efficiently solved on a quantum computer and is thus in the complexity class BQP. (wikipedia.org)

###### photon

- The resulting enhanced optical properties increases photon collection by nearly a factor of ten relative to natural diamond devices. (bio-medicine.org)

###### Universities

- Readership - Physicists, materials scientists and physical chemists in universities, industry and research institutes. (wikipedia.org)

###### solve

- Or do we have to collaborate with a physicist and help him use computer science to solve his questions? (computationalcomplexity.org)
- On the other hand, quantum computers may be able to efficiently solve problems which are not practically feasible on classical computers. (wikipedia.org)

###### superimposed state

- If you zoom out, tying the individual's life to a quantum state basically puts the individual's existence in a superimposed state of being both dead and alive, similar to what happens in Schrodinger's cat paradox . (inverse.com)

###### important

- The findings that the frequency of LRRK2 G2385R is observed at 8 percent within ethnic Chinese patients, 4 percent in control subjects and 22 percent in familial patients strongly suggests the G2385R variant is an important genetic risk factor in the ethnic Chinese population," Dr. Wu says. (innovations-report.com)
- The study found that the two most important risk factors are cigarette smoking and an abnormal ratio of blood lipids (Apolipoprotein B/Apolipoprotein A-1), which together predicted two-thirds of the global risk of heart attack. (innovations-report.com)

###### condensed matter

- This is a general property of physicists, at least the condensed matter version of them. (computationalcomplexity.org)
- The focus of the journal is critical reviews that are relevant to condensed matter physicists. (wikipedia.org)

###### theory

- His findings and postulates were later confirmed by quantum theory. (wikipedia.org)
- The debates represent one of the highest points of scientific research in the first half of the twentieth century because it called attention to an element of quantum theory, quantum non-locality, which is central to our modern understanding of the physical world. (wikipedia.org)

###### researchers

- Researchers at Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla. and the National Taiwan University Hospital in Taipei, Taiwan have discovered what to date appears to be the most common genetic risk factor for Parkinson's disease worldwide. (innovations-report.com)
- However, researchers say not everyone with the mutation develops the disease, and in those that do, other genetic and environmental factors are probably in play. (innovations-report.com)
- It is found in approximately 4 percent of the ethnic Chinese population without Parkinson's disease, which is why researchers consider it a risk factor rather than a causal mutation. (innovations-report.com)
- These types of case and control genetic studies provide a powerful tool for researchers to find disease genes and risk factors in homogeneous or isolated populations where there has been little immigration. (innovations-report.com)
- A factor that is crucial for the proper positioning of genes in the cell nucleus has been discovered by a team of researchers from the Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research in Basel, Switzerland. (innovations-report.com)
- Human factors researchers at Florida State University have identified ways to improve electronic voting accuracy among older voters while also shortening waiting time at the polls. (innovations-report.com)
- The combination of these features makes silicon carbide, with its defects, an attractive candidate for future work seeking to integrate quantum mechanical objects with sophisticated electronic and optical circuitry, according to the researchers. (bio-medicine.org)
- The researchers at the University of Helsinki, Finland, and the Ludwig Institute of Cancer Research show that application of vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) to replace excised mouse lymph nodes and lymph vessels ensures formation of mature lymphatic vessels and incorporation of lymph node transplants into existing lymphatic vasculature. (innovations-report.com)
- The researchers applied vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) gene therapy in mice after surgery removal of axillary lymph nodes, a procedure that mimicked removal of axillary lymph nodes in patients in response to metastatic breast cancer. (innovations-report.com)

###### theoretical model

- A quantum Turing machine is a theoretical model of such a computer, and is also known as the universal quantum computer. (wikipedia.org)

###### Furthermore

- Furthermore, the findings encourage the use of growth factor therapy to enhance the vascular integration and viability of transplanted tissues. (innovations-report.com)

###### electrons

- However, the UCSB team discovered that electrons that become trapped by certain imperfections in silicon carbide do so in a way that allows their quantum states to be initialized, precisely manipulated, and measured using a combination of light and microwave radiation. (bio-medicine.org)

###### gates

- A quantum computer operates on its qubits using quantum gates and measurement (which also alters the observed state). (wikipedia.org)

###### assumption

- RSA is based on the assumption that factoring large numbers is computationally intractable. (wikipedia.org)

###### measurement

- 0\rangle } is the Dirac notation for the quantum state that will always give the result 0 when converted to classical logic by a measurement. (wikipedia.org)

###### identify

- With this new strategy the Commission expects to achieve a better understanding of the complex relationship between environment and health and to identify and reduce diseases caused by environmental factors. (innovations-report.com)

###### University

- Professor Keith Frayn from the University of Oxford, Chairman of the Task Force, said 'this timely and comprehensive report provides an authoritative and independent account of the relationship between diet and the emerging risk factors for cardiovascular disease. (innovations-report.com)
- Faster and secure data communication: This is the goal of a new joint project involving physicists from the University of Würzburg. (innovations-report.com)
- A study carried out by scientists from the University of Cordoba and the University of Castilla-La Mancha has identified the main factors influencing olive fruit production in this region. (innovations-report.com)
- He has several siblings including an older brother, Jim Falk, also a physicist and former university leader, in Melbourne, Australia. (wikipedia.org)

###### maintains

- A quantum computer maintains a sequence of qubits. (wikipedia.org)

###### interaction

- Epidemiology studies looking for other environmental risk factors and their interaction with genetic risk factors will provide clues to prevent the occurrence of this chronic and disabling disease in the future. (innovations-report.com)
- The Task Force's analysis of the interaction of diet with emerging risk factors suggests that other risk factors (in addition to the classical ones) are also influenced by diet, in particular the type of dietary fat, and that greater emphasis on dietary fat quality (the overall fatty acid profile of the diet) is now justified, in the context of a varied diet, rich in fruit, vegetables and whole grain cereals. (innovations-report.com)

###### collapse

- This is known as wave function collapse - or quantum collapse. (inverse.com)
- But there might be one way to test if quantum collapse is false. (inverse.com)

###### particle

- completely describes the quantum state of the particle. (wikipedia.org)

###### research

- European Research Commissioner Philippe Busquin said: "Around 25-33% of diseases in industrialised countries are due to environmental factors and we need to continue our efforts to better understand the underlying causes. (innovations-report.com)
- The research team discovered that silicon carbide contains crystal imperfections that can be controlled at a quantum mechanical level. (bio-medicine.org)
- Both practical and theoretical research continues, and many national governments and military agencies are funding quantum computing research in additional effort to develop quantum computers for civilian, business, trade, environmental and national security purposes, such as cryptanalysis. (wikipedia.org)
- It has also facilitated research on new cryptosystems that are secure from quantum computers, collectively called post-quantum cryptography. (wikipedia.org)

###### Technology

- CAMBRIDGE, Mass., By creating diamond-based nanowire devices, a team at Harvard has taken another step towards making applications based on quantum science and technology possible. (bio-medicine.org)
- Starting with these synthetic, nanostructured diamond samples, we can start dreaming about the diamond-based devices and systems that could one day lead to applications in quantum science and technology as well as in sensing and imaging. (bio-medicine.org)
- We are looking for the beauty and utility in imperfection, rather than struggling to bring about perfect order," said Awschalom, "and to use these defects as the basis for a future quantum technology. (bio-medicine.org)

###### find

- Informally, it solves the following problem: given an integer N, find its prime factors. (wikipedia.org)
- Upon investigation, the crew find that Worf's RNA has an unusual quantum signature and confirm that he is from a different universe. (wikipedia.org)

###### different

- CVD is a multi-factorial disease, which arises out of interactive effects of different combinations of risk factors. (innovations-report.com)
- This major study is the first examination of whether risk factors for heart attack have a similar or different impact in all major ethnic groups and major areas of the world. (innovations-report.com)
- Different countries will be able to pinpoint risk factors for their people and address the root causes of heart disease. (innovations-report.com)
- Likewise, some physicists may use somewhat different definitions of the so-called associated Laguerre polynomials. (wikipedia.org)

###### computer

- Physicist: Computer scientists have done nothing for quantum computing. (computationalcomplexity.org)
- Once computer scientists have done something physicists care about they cease to be computer scientists and are now physicists. (computationalcomplexity.org)
- This view has changed a bit, now we do see a number of physicists (though certainly not all of them) seeing value in many of the tools, techniques and results from computer science. (computationalcomplexity.org)
- Any physicist who says computer scientists have done nothing for quantum computing certainly doesn't work in the field. (computationalcomplexity.org)
- And at some point the distinction between physicist and computer scientist begins to vanish in quantum computing. (computationalcomplexity.org)
- Am I a computer scientist or a physicist? (computationalcomplexity.org)
- A quantum computer is a device that performs quantum computing. (wikipedia.org)
- Along with the IBM computer a company called D-Wave has also been developing their own version of a quantum computer that uses a process called annealing. (wikipedia.org)

###### manipulation

- By creating large device arrays rather than just "one-of-a-kind" designs, the realization of quantum networks and systems, which require the integration and manipulation of many devices in parallel, is more likely. (bio-medicine.org)

###### least

- Bit by bit, quantum devices start to challenge conventional computers, at least. (innovations-report.com)

###### field

- The field of quantum computing was initiated by the work of Paul Benioff (de) and Yuri Manin in 1980, Richard Feynman in 1982, and David Deutsch in 1985. (wikipedia.org)

###### years

- But in recent years a number of other 'novel' risk markers have emerged, and understanding of the physiology of and risk factors for heart disease has progressed. (innovations-report.com)

###### definition

- Physicists sometimes use a definition for the Laguerre polynomials which is larger by a factor of n! (wikipedia.org)