• qubit
  • The quantum (qubit) state can be initialized and measured using light. (bio-medicine.org)
  • This means that each of these defects meets the requirements for use as a quantum bit, or "qubit," which is often described as the quantum mechanical analog of a transistor, since it is the basic unit of a quantum computer. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The diamond nitrogen-vacancy center is renowned for its ability to function as a qubit at room temperature, while many other quantum states of matter require an extremely cold temperature, near absolute zero. (bio-medicine.org)
  • A small 16-qubit quantum computer exists and is available for experiments via the IBM quantum experience project. (wikipedia.org)
  • laboratory
  • Scientists at Duke University Medical Center have identified a new growth factor that stimulates the expansion and regeneration of hematopoietic (blood-forming) stem cells in culture and in laboratory animals. (innovations-report.com)
  • Chute, working with Heather Himburg, a post-doctoral fellow in his laboratory, discovered that adding pleiotrophin, a naturally-occurring growth factor, stimulated a ten-fold expansion of stem cells taken from the bone marrow of a mouse. (innovations-report.com)
  • On the way to an intelligent laboratory, physicists from Innsbruck and Vienna present an artificial agent that autonomously designs quantum experiments. (innovations-report.com)
  • A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. (innovations-report.com)
  • physics
  • You have to identify a physicist who's willing to collaborate, talk to each other long enough to start speaking each other's languages, find a physics question which computer science techniques can be fruitfully applied to, and help solve it. (computationalcomplexity.org)
  • As a part of quantum physics , it's more philosophy than science. (inverse.com)
  • The Gaunt factor (or Kramers-Gaunt factor) is used as a multiplicative correction to the continuous absorption or emission results when calculated using classical physics techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • In cases where classical physics provides a close approximation, the Gaunt factor can be set to 1.0. (wikipedia.org)
  • Santa Barbara, Calif. A discovery by physicists at UC Santa Barbara may earn silicon carbide a semiconductor commonly used by the electronics industry a role at the center of a new generation of information technologies designed to exploit quantum physics for tasks such as ultrafast computing and nanoscale sensing. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Awschalom is director of UCSB's Center for Spintronics & Quantum Computation, professor of physics, electrical and computer engineering, and the Peter J. Clarke Director of the California NanoSystems Institute. (bio-medicine.org)
  • This research fits within a wider effort at UCSB to engineer quantum devices by fostering collaboration between the fields of materials science and quantum physics. (bio-medicine.org)
  • citation needed] Einstein was the first physicist to say that Planck's discovery of the quantum (h) would require a rewriting of the laws of physics. (wikipedia.org)
  • The impact factor for Advances in Physics 18.062 in 2013, ranking it first in the discipline of condensed matter physics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Falk is a high-energy physicist whose research focuses on elementary particle physics and quantum field theory, particularly the interactions and decay of heavy quarks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, with Sommerfeld educating such capable physicists, when they were called to other facilities, they effectively became extensions of Sommerfeld's Institute of Theoretical Physics. (wikipedia.org)
  • At Stuttgart, Ewald and Hönl worked on the quantum theory atomic and molecular structure and solid-state physics. (wikipedia.org)
  • As applied in the university environment, political factors took priority over the historically applied concept of scholarly ability, even though its two most prominent supporters were the Nobel Laureates in Physics Philipp Lenard and Johannes Stark. (wikipedia.org)
  • entanglement
  • Much like a civil engineer is able to design a bridge based on factors such as load capacity and length span, we'd like to see a day when there are quantum engineers who can design a quantum electronic device based on specifications such as degree of quantum entanglement and quality of interaction with the surrounding environment. (bio-medicine.org)
  • wave-particl
  • This change was driven by Landé's perception that wave-particle duality was an unnecessary misrepresentation of quantum processes that he instead explained by developing a new unitary particle formulation, without dualistic reference to waves. (wikipedia.org)
  • To support his point, in 1905 he proposed that light sometimes acts as a particle which he called a light quantum (see photon and wave-particle duality). (wikipedia.org)
  • atoms
  • The renewed interest expressed itself in new experiments with new technical methods, on individual quantum systems, individual atoms, electrons and photons. (wikipedia.org)
  • German
  • Their work has been referenced in the literature as the Ewald-Hönl-Brill model (after the German physicist Rudolf Brill). (wikipedia.org)
  • integer factorization
  • Specifically it takes quantum gates of order O((log N)2(log log N)(log log log N)) using fast multiplication, demonstrating that the integer factorization problem can be efficiently solved on a quantum computer and is thus in the complexity class BQP. (wikipedia.org)
  • superimposed state
  • If you zoom out, tying the individual's life to a quantum state basically puts the individual's existence in a superimposed state of being both dead and alive, similar to what happens in Schrodinger's cat paradox . (inverse.com)
  • photon
  • The resulting enhanced optical properties increases photon collection by nearly a factor of ten relative to natural diamond devices. (bio-medicine.org)
  • experiments
  • In the first stage, Einstein refused to accept quantum indeterminism and sought to demonstrate that the principle of indeterminacy could be violated, suggesting ingenious thought experiments which should permit the accurate determination of incompatible variables, such as position and velocity, or to explicitly reveal simultaneously the wave and the particle aspects of the same process. (wikipedia.org)
  • electrons
  • However, the UCSB team discovered that electrons that become trapped by certain imperfections in silicon carbide do so in a way that allows their quantum states to be initialized, precisely manipulated, and measured using a combination of light and microwave radiation. (bio-medicine.org)
  • measurement
  • 0\rangle } is the Dirac notation for the quantum state that will always give the result 0 when converted to classical logic by a measurement. (wikipedia.org)
  • identify
  • With this new strategy the Commission expects to achieve a better understanding of the complex relationship between environment and health and to identify and reduce diseases caused by environmental factors. (innovations-report.com)
  • important
  • The findings that the frequency of LRRK2 G2385R is observed at 8 percent within ethnic Chinese patients, 4 percent in control subjects and 22 percent in familial patients strongly suggests the G2385R variant is an important genetic risk factor in the ethnic Chinese population," Dr. Wu says. (innovations-report.com)
  • The study found that the two most important risk factors are cigarette smoking and an abnormal ratio of blood lipids (Apolipoprotein B/Apolipoprotein A-1), which together predicted two-thirds of the global risk of heart attack. (innovations-report.com)
  • interaction
  • Epidemiology studies looking for other environmental risk factors and their interaction with genetic risk factors will provide clues to prevent the occurrence of this chronic and disabling disease in the future. (innovations-report.com)
  • The Task Force's analysis of the interaction of diet with emerging risk factors suggests that other risk factors (in addition to the classical ones) are also influenced by diet, in particular the type of dietary fat, and that greater emphasis on dietary fat quality (the overall fatty acid profile of the diet) is now justified, in the context of a varied diet, rich in fruit, vegetables and whole grain cereals. (innovations-report.com)
  • research
  • European Research Commissioner Philippe Busquin said: "Around 25-33% of diseases in industrialised countries are due to environmental factors and we need to continue our efforts to better understand the underlying causes. (innovations-report.com)
  • The research team discovered that silicon carbide contains crystal imperfections that can be controlled at a quantum mechanical level. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The researchers at the University of Helsinki, Finland, and the Ludwig Institute of Cancer Research show that application of vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) to replace excised mouse lymph nodes and lymph vessels ensures formation of mature lymphatic vessels and incorporation of lymph node transplants into existing lymphatic vasculature. (innovations-report.com)
  • However, the research also shows that prolonged abstinence from drug use can give the recovering addict another chance, and that environment again becomes a major factor influencing the success of the recovery. (innovations-report.com)
  • Both practical and theoretical research continues, and many national governments and military agencies are funding quantum computing research in additional effort to develop quantum computers for civilian, business, trade, environmental and national security purposes, such as cryptanalysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has also facilitated research on new cryptosystems that are secure from quantum computers, collectively called post-quantum cryptography. (wikipedia.org)
  • However
  • However, researchers say not everyone with the mutation develops the disease, and in those that do, other genetic and environmental factors are probably in play. (innovations-report.com)
  • Science
  • This view has changed a bit, now we do see a number of physicists (though certainly not all of them) seeing value in many of the tools, techniques and results from computer science. (computationalcomplexity.org)
  • CAMBRIDGE, Mass., By creating diamond-based nanowire devices, a team at Harvard has taken another step towards making applications based on quantum science and technology possible. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Starting with these synthetic, nanostructured diamond samples, we can start dreaming about the diamond-based devices and systems that could one day lead to applications in quantum science and technology as well as in sensing and imaging. (bio-medicine.org)
  • find
  • These types of case and control genetic studies provide a powerful tool for researchers to find disease genes and risk factors in homogeneous or isolated populations where there has been little immigration. (innovations-report.com)
  • Informally, it solves the following problem: given an integer N, find its prime factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Upon investigation, the crew find that Worf's RNA has an unusual quantum signature and confirm that he is from a different universe. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • CVD is a multi-factorial disease, which arises out of interactive effects of different combinations of risk factors. (innovations-report.com)
  • This major study is the first examination of whether risk factors for heart attack have a similar or different impact in all major ethnic groups and major areas of the world. (innovations-report.com)
  • Different countries will be able to pinpoint risk factors for their people and address the root causes of heart disease. (innovations-report.com)
  • Likewise, some physicists may use somewhat different definitions of the so-called associated Laguerre polynomials. (wikipedia.org)
  • researchers
  • Researchers at Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla. and the National Taiwan University Hospital in Taipei, Taiwan have discovered what to date appears to be the most common genetic risk factor for Parkinson's disease worldwide. (innovations-report.com)
  • It is found in approximately 4 percent of the ethnic Chinese population without Parkinson's disease, which is why researchers consider it a risk factor rather than a causal mutation. (innovations-report.com)
  • The combination of these features makes silicon carbide, with its defects, an attractive candidate for future work seeking to integrate quantum mechanical objects with sophisticated electronic and optical circuitry, according to the researchers. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The researchers applied vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) gene therapy in mice after surgery removal of axillary lymph nodes, a procedure that mimicked removal of axillary lymph nodes in patients in response to metastatic breast cancer. (innovations-report.com)
  • systems
  • By creating large device arrays rather than just "one-of-a-kind" designs, the realization of quantum networks and systems, which require the integration and manipulation of many devices in parallel, is more likely. (bio-medicine.org)
  • technology
  • We are looking for the beauty and utility in imperfection, rather than struggling to bring about perfect order," said Awschalom, "and to use these defects as the basis for a future quantum technology. (bio-medicine.org)