• urinary tract inf
  • The clinical significance of VUR has been based on the premise that VUR predisposes patients to acute pyelonephritis by transporting bacteria from the bladder to the kidney and recurrent urinary tract infection, which may lead to renal scarring, hypertension, and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). (uptodate.com)
  • You certainly require a thorough investigation of the urinary tract through imaging tests to detect the cause for the recurrent bouts of urinary tract infection (which probably resulted in the chronic pyelonephritis affecting the right kidney). (ndtv.com)