• Freud
  • According to Freud, affect is a perceptual modality that registers the internal drive state of the subject rather than the objective experience of the external world, and the quality of this perceptual modality is calibrated in degrees of pleasure and displeasure. (frontiersin.org)
  • Between 1920 and 1923, he and Ferenczi had a close intellectual alliance, and together they wrote in 1922 The Development of Psychoanalysis (seen by Freud in manuscript, but not published until 1924). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Initially greatly impressed, and describing Rank's idea as "the most important progress since the discovery of psychoanalysis" (Jones 1953-1957, vol. 3, p. 59), Freud gradually cooled when the implications in Rank's theory that were inimical to the hitherto assumed primacy of sexuality and the Oedipus or castration complexes began to be recognized. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In Vienna, meanwhile, Sigmund Freud developed an independent approach to the study of the mind called psychoanalysis, which has been widely influential. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a paper written in the same year and given at the International Psychoanalytical Congress at Salzburg, Jones coined the term "rationalization," which was accepted by Freud and became part of the technical language of psychoanalysis to indicate a way of trying to make sense of unconscious motivations by rationalizing them. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Significant were his struggle to achieve scientific status for psychoanalysis in England, his attempts to develop the British way of looking at psychoanalysis, and his defense of Klein's views against the severe criticisms of Freud and his daughter Anna, while managing to remain a good friend and collaborator of Freud and to continue his own scientific production. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Much that Freud formulated originally in terms of emotions has been shifted and rephrased into instinct theory, but pieces of affect theory have persisted as isolated fragments. (springer.com)
  • 1984
  • Marjorie Flowers Brierley (24 March 1893 - 21 April 1984) was a pioneer of psychoanalysis in Britain, and helped chair the Controversial discussions of 1942 which shaped the subsequent history of the British Psycho-Analytical Society. (wikipedia.org)
  • behavior
  • The notions of pleasure, drives, and affects are all of utmost importance for a neuropsychoanalytic understanding of mental functioning, due to their capability to explain desire, thought, and behavior from the perspective of human subjective experience. (frontiersin.org)
  • The word also refers sometimes to affect display, which is "a facial, vocal, or gestural behavior that serves as an indicator of affect" (APA 2006). (wikipedia.org)
  • Resistance, in the context of the field of psychoanalysis, refers to oppositional behavior when an individual's unconscious defenses of the ego are threatened by an external source. (wikipedia.org)
  • widely
  • During the years of the First World War , Jones continued practicing as a private analyst in London and also lecturing widely on psychoanalysis both in London and outside, contributing to the gradual diffusion of the new discipline in the medical profession, which was highly resistant, and among the larger public. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Tomkins
  • His refusal to risk the range of positive and negative affect associated with sexuality robs any possible relationship of one of its best opportunities to work on the first two rules of either the Kelly or the Tomkins blueprint. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also according to Tomkins, affects provide a sense of urgency to the less powerful drives. (wikipedia.org)
  • childhood
  • The authors conclude that the case of the kibbutzim actually provides little support for the Westermarck Effect and that childhood proximity cannot in itself produce sexual avoidance without the existence of social pressures and norms. (wikipedia.org)
  • emotion
  • The term emotion or affect is used to refer to a broad class of behaviors that include facial and vocal expressions as well as neurological and physiological patterns. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This marks the beginning of his extensive research and public recognition in the areas of affect and emotion and the question of how they find their manifestation in the facial expressions of people. (wikipedia.org)
  • As part of a controversy among researchers of emotion, with respect to the types and numbers of affects that can be distinguished, Rainer Krause committed himself to "seven primary affects": joy, curiosity, fear, anger, sadness, contempt and disgust. (wikipedia.org)
  • emotional
  • Psychoanalysis and the new interest in the emotional life of the individual brought about a deep change in him. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The focus on affect has largely derived from the work of Deleuze and brought emotional and visceral concerns into such conventional discourses as those on geopolitics, urban life and material culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • London
  • During the same year he founded the London Society of Psychoanalysis, but he eventually dissolved the society because some of his important followers favored Carl Gustav Jung. (encyclopedia.com)
  • imagery
  • Celsius 233 and Paradise Lost: An Allegory also include drawn imagery, each to different effect. (vsw.org)
  • Life
  • It also studies how they feel about art-- why they like some works and not others, and how art can affect their moods, beliefs, and attitude toward life. (wikipedia.org)
  • drives
  • The purpose of this paper is thus to discuss psychoanalytic conceptual developments that have addressed pleasure, drives, and affects, in the light of recent findings coming from neurosciences. (frontiersin.org)
  • positive
  • Others, however, consider that Symington's search for a positive interrelationship between psychoanalysis and religion leads inevitably to a certain moralism - psychoanalysis being what Adam Phillips called "a moral enterprise. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some research has shown evidence that humor may be a response to a conflict between negative and positive affects, such as fear and enjoyment, which results in spasmodic contractions of parts of the body, mainly in the stomach and diaphragm area, as well as contractions in the upper cheek muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • mental
  • Like the "optimal mental health" blueprint, this blueprint requires members of the relationship to express affect to one another in order to identify progress. (wikipedia.org)
  • frequent
  • the affect mutualization for which most of us frequent the movie theater is only another source of discomfort for him. (wikipedia.org)
  • facial
  • These affects can be identified through immediate facial reactions that people have to a stimulus, typically well before they could process any real response to the stimulus. (wikipedia.org)
  • observations
  • Observations interpreted as evidence for the Westermarck effect have since been made in many places and cultures, including in the Israeli kibbutz system, and the Chinese Shim-pua marriage customs, as well as in biologically-related families. (wikipedia.org)
  • religion
  • Symington declared that "[Psychoanalysis] is a natural religion but not a revealed one", its goal of arriving at the depressive position being an inherently moral one. (wikipedia.org)