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  • morbidity and morta
  • The introduction of HAART has led to a dramatic reduction in the morbidity and mortality associated with HIV infection overall. (natap.org)
  • We undertook this study to further investigate the influence of HCV coinfection on morbidity and mortality associated with HIV infection and to examine the impact of the availability of HAART on these outcomes for each group. (natap.org)
  • As potent antiretroviral therapy for HIV has decreased AIDS-associated morbidity and mortality, chronic HCV has become a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in this population. (natap.org)
  • Unfortunately, neurological manifestations associated with HIV seropositivity are also increasing the morbidity and mortality rates of these patients. (hindawi.com)
  • AIDS
  • 200) and progression times to AIDS and death. (ox.ac.uk)
  • During HIV/AIDS micronutrients play a key role in the host defense systems-Micronutrients such as zinc and copper have been implicated to play important roles in immuno-physiologic functions. (asrjetsjournal.org)
  • survival
  • This study is designed as a Phase III, multicenter trial, comparing progression-free survival (PFS) after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation using a standard Rituxan plus BEAM transplant regimen versus a regimen adding Bexxar to BEAM. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Therefore, the primary endpoint of this study will be to compare progression-free survival after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for chemotherapy-sensitive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma using Rituxan/BEAM versus Bexxar/BEAM for pre-transplant conditioning. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • adults
  • The purpose of the present study was to determine whether SCD diagnosis is associated with lower rate of concurrent HIV diagnosis in Africane-American adults who are hospitalised, based on data collected in the USA. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • human
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that affects the immune system by targeting T cells with CD4 receptors. (hindawi.com)
  • study
  • Descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in the voluntary counselling and testing centre (VCT) at Comprehensive Care Clinics in Taita-Taveta County health care services, Coast, Kenya, blood samples obtained from 192 HIV sero-positive individuals, 18 years of age and gender matched healthy controls were analyzed for zinc and copper using atomic absorption spectrophotometer machine. (asrjetsjournal.org)
  • This is the first population-based study with adequate sample size that tests if SCD could protect from HIV. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • This locus in part of the HLA A1-B8-DR3-DQ2 haplotype (markers are A1, CW7, B8, BfS, C4AQ0, C4B1, DR3, DQ2) therefore one study concluded that C4AQ0 could explain the increased infectivity to HIV. (wikipedia.org)
  • patient
  • A literature review yielded several cases of peripheral facial palsy associated with HIV seropositivity, but few cases have been reported where the patient had bilateral peripheral facial palsy. (hindawi.com)
  • women
  • The HIV prevalence for Africane-American men was six times the rate for white men and the rate for Africane-American women was 18 times the rate for white women. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • AIDS
  • AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV ), a retrovirus of the lentivirus family that was unknown until the early 1980's, but since that time has been spread around the world to infect millions of persons. (factbites.com)
  • HIV ( human immunodeficiency virus ) is the virus that causes AIDS . (factbites.com)
  • Infected with the human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV ), the cause of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ( AIDS ). (factbites.com)
  • In the vast majority of those infected with HIV virus who are untreated, there is deterioration in immune health over a period of months or years inevitably leading to full-blown AIDS and demise. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The investigators' study hypothesis is that effectiveness of a very low dose of an FDA-approved medication, naltrexone hydrochloride, (Low-Dose Naltrexone, or LDN) will compare favorably to ARV's to prevent progression of HIV+ toward immune deterioration and full-blown AIDS. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • antibodies
  • Note that in the multivariate model, features that were associated with progression to RA were: tenderness of hand or foot joints, early morning stiffness ≥30 minutes, high-positive anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) and/or rheumatoid factor, and positive ultrasound findings. (medpagetoday.com)
  • HIV is spread by sexual contact with an infected person, by sharing needles and/or syringes (primarily for drug injection) with someone who is infected, or, less commonly (and now very rarely in countries where blood is screened for HIV antibodies ), through transfusions of infected blood or blood clotting factors. (factbites.com)
  • Appropriate HIV-1 diagnostic testing for infants and children younger than 18 months differs from that for older children, adolescents, and adults because of passively transferred maternal HIV-1 antibodies, which may be detectable in the child's bloodstream until 18 months of age. (aappublications.org)
  • assays
  • Virologic assays, including HIV-1 DNA or RNA assays, represent the gold standard for diagnostic testing of infants and children younger than 18 months. (aappublications.org)
  • For HIV-1-exposed infants (identified by positive maternal test results or positive antibody results for the infant shortly after birth), it has been recommended that diagnostic testing with HIV-1 DNA or RNA assays be performed within the first 14 days of life, at 1 to 2 months of age, and at 3 to 6 months of age. (aappublications.org)
  • symptoms
  • Many people infected with HIV have no symptoms and there is no way of knowing with certainty whether a sexual partner is infected unless he or she has not engaged in risky behavior, or has been repeatedly tested for the virus . (factbites.com)
  • The HIV virus may cause flu-like illness within a month or two after exposure, although there may not be any symptoms at all. (factbites.com)
  • phase
  • It has become increasingly clear in recent years that full-blown RA is preceded by a preclinical phase characterized by seropositivity for ACPA and/or rheumatoid factor, often accompanied by musculoskeletal complaints. (medpagetoday.com)
  • virus
  • HIV is frequently spread among injection drug users - by the sharing of needles or syringes contaminated with minute quantities of blood from someone infected with the virus . (factbites.com)
  • HIV also can be spread to babies through the breast milk of mothers infected with the virus . (factbites.com)
  • HIV may also be spread through contact with infected blood, especially by sharing needles, syringes, or drug use equipment with someone who is infected with the virus . (factbites.com)
  • In the mid-1980s the association with A1-B8-DR3 and HIV progression appeared shortly after the discover of the virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • rapid
  • If the mother's HIV-1 serostatus is unknown, rapid HIV-1 antibody testing of the newborn infant to identify HIV-1 exposure is essential so that antiretroviral prophylaxis can be initiated within the first 12 hours of life if test results are positive. (aappublications.org)