• shales
  • In 1781, Archibald Cochrane, 9th Earl of Dundonald, registered a patent for an extraction process to produce tar, pitch and oil from coal and bituminous shales, using masonry retorts and wooden condensers. (wikipedia.org)
  • powerplants
  • But the Luftwaffe was poorly coordinated with overall German strategy, and never ramped up to the size and scope needed in a total war, partly due to a lack of military aircraft production infrastructure for both completed airframes and powerplants when compared to either the Soviet Union or the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1800s
  • In the 1800s, the principal refined product was kerosene for illuminating oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • The geologists of the 1800s were at a loss as to describe how this coal apparently came to lie discordant to the strata of the area, as they did not yet understand the nature of the oil shale source rock, nor the fact that the albertite was essentially solidified asphaltum. (wikipedia.org)
  • widely
  • In the United States, coal oil was widely manufactured in the 1850s under the trade name Kerosene, manufactured by a process invented by Canadian geologist Abraham Gesner. (wikipedia.org)
  • rapidly
  • There are records to show the enormous impact of this programme on the villages: farmers rapidly took to new crops and modern agricultural practices, wider markets opened enabling them to sell their produce for up to 6 times the rate when their only customers were in the neighbouring villages, and in many areas agricultural production increased tenfold within a few years. (motherservice.org)
  • Drake's well sparked an oil boom and over the next couple of years, and US petroleum production grew rapidly. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • energy
  • But it didn't replace coal gas as an important source of energy in the United States until after World War II, when a network of gas pipelines was constructed. (purdue.edu)
  • process
  • Frederick Accum, Description of the Process of Manufacturing Coal Gas, 2nd ed. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1846 the Canadian physician and geologist Abraham Gesner invented a process for retorting an illuminating liquid from coal, bitumen and oil shale. (wikipedia.org)
  • His father Benjamin Silliman Sr., also a famous Yale chemist, developed the process of fractional distillation that enabled the economical production of kerosene. (wikipedia.org)
  • electricity
  • Provincial governments have jurisdiction over the exploration, development, conservation, and management of non-renewable resources, as well as the generation and production of electricity. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2007, the DROC had a gross production of public and self-produced electricity of 8,302 million kWh. (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • preparation of kerosene in water emulsions, silicone rubber latex, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although without food, they were able to drink from a pool of water leaking from a coal seam, moving deeper into the mine to escape the black damp. (wikipedia.org)
  • The larger tender layout was derived from the similar design for the WD Austerity 2-8-0, with the coal bunker inset above the water tank to improve visibility when running backwards. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • State Lorry Corporations should be started along the lines of the State Transport Corporations to provide lorry services between centers of production in the villages and their known markets as an impetus to trade and commerce. (motherservice.org)
  • Asia
  • Canada also exports significant amounts of uranium and coal to Asia, Europe and Latin America. (wikipedia.org)
  • weight
  • The American Society for Testing and Materials standard specification D-3699-78 recognizes two grades of kerosene: grades 1-K (less than 0.04% sulfur by weight) and 2-K (0.3% sulfur by weight). (wikipedia.org)
  • 10. The aviation-grade kerosene of claim 1 wherein at least 10 weight % of the kerosene is derived from non-cracked bio-oil. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • operations
  • But by that time, US coal oil distillers were switching over to refining cheaper petroleum, after the discovery of abundant petroleum in western Pennsylvania in 1859, and oil from coal operations ceased in the US. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result, ConocoPhillips continued its operations as an upstream (exploration and production) company. (wikipedia.org)
  • methods
  • In his Kitab al-Asrar (Book of Secrets), the physician and chemist Razi described two methods for the production of kerosene, termed naft abyad ("white naphtha"), using an apparatus called an alembic. (wikipedia.org)
  • sold
  • Premium kerosene is usually sold in 5 or 20 liter containers from hardware, camping and garden stores and is often dyed purple. (wikipedia.org)
  • small
  • Coal is burned mainly at the power stations and in less quantities in private small dwellings. (gcrio.org)
  • American
  • The disaster stands as the third most deadly in American coal mining history. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conoco Inc. was an American oil company founded in 1875 as the Continental Oil and Transportation Co. Based in Ogden, Utah, the company was a coal, oil, kerosene, grease and candles distributor in the West. (wikipedia.org)
  • company
  • In 1914 the company began production of the Model Z single-cylinder engine in one-, three- and six-horsepower sizes. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the world's largest independent pure-play exploration and production company and is a Fortune 500 company. (wikipedia.org)
  • market
  • For example, during cashew harvest season, weekly direct lorry service from production centers to the market in Cochin will eliminate middlemen and enable the farmers to get a much higher price for his crop, and stimulate increased cultivation. (motherservice.org)
  • area
  • Internal applications were administered by adding this toxic petroleum product to sugar cubes, molasses, honey or some other substance to mask the taste, while topical applications were applied adding to bandages or by pouring the coal oil directly on the affected area. (wikipedia.org)