• adults
  • Numerous large-scale surveys of the prevalence of mental disorders in adults in the general population have been carried out since the 1980s based on self-reported symptoms assessed by standardized structured interviews, usually carried out over the phone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Listed here are the prevalence rates among adults in various countries, based on data from various sources, largely the CIA World Factbook. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001
  • The first usage of the term and generic, publicly available implementation of a system prevalence layer was Prevayler, written for Java by Klaus Wuestefeld in 2001. (wikipedia.org)
  • "Prevalence: Transparent, Fault-Tolerant Object Persistence", by Jim Paterson for O'Reilly's OnJava.com "Object Prevalence": Original Article by Klaus Wuestefeld published in 2001 on Advogato. (wikipedia.org)
  • data
  • 5 ) review secular trends in U.S. prediabetes prevalence using National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) data from 1999 to 2010. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • commented that: "Most of the currently available data on the prevalence of [male circumcision] are several decades old, while several of the recent studies were carried out as adjuncts to demographic and health surveys and were not designed to determine the prevalence of [male circumcision]. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prevalence of tobacco consumption is reported by the World Health Organization (WHO), which focuses on smoking (not smokeless chewing tobacco) due to reported data limitations. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • Scrimshaw NS, Murray EB: The acceptability of milk and milk products in populations with a high prevalence of lactose intolerance. (springer.com)
  • In psychology, the prevalence effect is the phenomenon that one is more likely to miss (or fail to detect) a target with a low prevalence (or frequency) than a target with a high prevalence or frequency. (wikipedia.org)
  • When targets are frequent (above 50-percent prevalence), fast "no" responses often lead to mistakes and "no" reaction times are slower than "yes" times in high-prevalence searches. (wikipedia.org)
  • With a low prevalence, participants missed about 40 percent of the rare targets and responded more rapidly to target-absent trails than they did in high-prevalence conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prevalence of circumcision is also high in the United States, although there has reportedly been a decrease in routine neonatal circumcision in recent years. (wikipedia.org)
  • In many Asian countries which still have a high prevalence of rabies, such as Vietnam and Thailand, the virus is primarily transmitted through canines (feral dogs and other wild canine species). (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • In addition, an ongoing Irish study found similar prevalence rates of subtype 2 (papulopustular) rosacea in both indoor and outdoor workers. (rosacea.org)
  • It was found that the prevalence effect is a consequence of bottom-up experience and unaffected by top-down control. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers found that when observers repeatedly pressed the same key for target-absent trials in low-prevalence blocks, they tended to press the same key too fast even if they could see the target. (wikipedia.org)
  • A national study from 2014 found an overall prevalence of 42.8% for self-reported male circumcision. (wikipedia.org)
  • In that report they found from 1985 to 1991, prevalence of "current smoking" (which they defined as daily smokers and occasional smokers) declined overall, for both sexes and all age groups except for those aged 15 to 24. (wikipedia.org)
  • higher
  • Although cues suggested a higher target probability, searchers took longer to respond "no" (suggesting that the prevalence effect is ingrained). (wikipedia.org)
  • South Africa, Botswana, and Zimbabwe have successful family planning programs, but other central and southern African countries continue to encounter extreme difficulties in achieving higher contraceptive prevalence and lower fertility for a wide variety of compounding reasons. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Eye tracking experiments demonstrate that a large prevalence effect can occur across a group of participants with targets of similar appearance. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • Period prevalence is the proportion of the population with a given disease or condition over a specific period of time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Point prevalence is a measure of the proportion of people in a population who have a disease or condition at a particular time, such as a particular date. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is in contrast to period prevalence which is a measure of the proportion of people in a population who have a disease or condition over a specific period of time, say a season, or a year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Search
  • An experiment similar to an x-ray baggage search at an airport reveals how likely one is to make errors when searching for low-prevalence targets. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • Prevalence:How common is it? (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This means prevalence counts are highest for the most common cancers with the longest survival. (cancer.org)
  • And, a common cancer with shorter survival may have a lower prevalence count than a less common cancer with longer survival. (cancer.org)
  • For example, although lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in both men and women, the prevalence count for lung cancer is lower than that for non-Hodgkin lymphoma , a less common cancer. (cancer.org)
  • significantly
  • Analyses of ethnic subgroups revealed an increasing prevalence of prediabetes HbA 1c levels among non-Hispanic whites (8.5-15.9%), non-Hispanic blacks (16.3-28.3%), and Mexican Americans (9.7-17.1%), whereas IFG prevalence did not change significantly. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Declines in daily smoking prevalence occurred for both sexes and all age groups over the entire 17-year time span, although youth smoking did not start significantly declining until the mid-1990s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Study
  • Period prevalence is the proportion of a population that has the condition at some time during a given period (e.g., 12 month prevalence), and includes people who already have the condition at the start of the study period as well as those who acquire it during that period. (wikipedia.org)
  • rates
  • When participants had a chance to correct their responses, their miss rates were reduced (demonstrating that if motor responses contribute to the prevalence effect, there is a perceptual effect if the task is difficult). (wikipedia.org)
  • Colombia
  • The overall prevalence of circumcision is reported to be 6.9% in Colombia, and 7.4% in Brazil (13% in Rio de Janeiro), with most of those being done due to medical issues later in life. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • In 2007-08, the prevalence of smoking was strongly associated with socioeconomic disadvantage: a greater proportion of men (33%) and women (26%) who live in the most disadvantaged 20% of areas were current smokers than those who live in the least disadvantaged 20% of areas (12% and 11% respectively). (wikipedia.org)
  • period
  • Period prevalence is analogous to a long exposure (seconds, rather than an instant) photograph: the number of events recorded in the photo whilst the camera shutter was open. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Hence, the question of prevalence is further complicated by the fact that an unknown, but not insignificant, number of people have been born and raised in cultic groups. (google.com)
  • Cancer Prevalence: How Many People Have Cancer? (cancer.org)
  • Cancer prevalence is defined as the number of living people who have ever been diagnosed with cancer. (cancer.org)
  • simple
  • System prevalence is a simple software architectural pattern that combines system images (snapshots) and transaction journaling to provide speed, performance scalability, transparent persistence and transparent live mirroring of computer system state. (wikipedia.org)
  • national
  • The numbers on this chart are prevalence counts from the American Cancer Society's Cancer Treatment & Survivorship Facts & Figures 2014-2015 , a collaboration with the National Cancer Institute. (cancer.org)