• 2001
  • The first usage of the term and generic, publicly available implementation of a system prevalence layer was Prevayler, written for Java by Klaus Wuestefeld in 2001. (wikipedia.org)
  • "Prevalence: Transparent, Fault-Tolerant Object Persistence", by Jim Paterson for O'Reilly's OnJava.com "Object Prevalence": Original Article by Klaus Wuestefeld published in 2001 on Advogato. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • Scrimshaw NS, Murray EB: The acceptability of milk and milk products in populations with a high prevalence of lactose intolerance. (springer.com)
  • In psychology, the prevalence effect is the phenomenon that one is more likely to miss (or fail to detect) a target with a low prevalence (or frequency) than a target with a high prevalence or frequency. (wikipedia.org)
  • When targets are frequent (above 50-percent prevalence), fast "no" responses often lead to mistakes and "no" reaction times are slower than "yes" times in high-prevalence searches. (wikipedia.org)
  • With a low prevalence, participants missed about 40 percent of the rare targets and responded more rapidly to target-absent trails than they did in high-prevalence conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prevalence of circumcision is also high in the United States, although there has reportedly been a decrease in routine neonatal circumcision in recent years. (wikipedia.org)
  • In many Asian countries which still have a high prevalence of rabies, such as Vietnam and Thailand, the virus is primarily transmitted through canines (feral dogs and other wild canine species). (wikipedia.org)
  • The world's first known campaign against FGM took place in Egypt already in the 1920s, but FGM prevalence in Egypt in 1995 was still at least as high as Somalia's 2013 world record (98%), despite dropping significantly since then among young women. (wikipedia.org)
  • data
  • 5 ) review secular trends in U.S. prediabetes prevalence using National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) data from 1999 to 2010. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • commented that: "Most of the currently available data on the prevalence of [male circumcision] are several decades old, while several of the recent studies were carried out as adjuncts to demographic and health surveys and were not designed to determine the prevalence of [male circumcision]. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prevalence of tobacco consumption is reported by the World Health Organization (WHO), which focuses on smoking (not smokeless chewing tobacco) due to reported data limitations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Much of the FGM prevalence data currently available is based on verbal surveys and self-reporting. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • In addition, an ongoing Irish study found similar prevalence rates of subtype 2 (papulopustular) rosacea in both indoor and outdoor workers. (rosacea.org)
  • Prevalence in epidemiology is the proportion of a particular population found to be affected by a medical condition (typically a disease or a risk factor such as smoking or seat-belt use). (wikipedia.org)
  • It was found that the prevalence effect is a consequence of bottom-up experience and unaffected by top-down control. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers found that when observers repeatedly pressed the same key for target-absent trials in low-prevalence blocks, they tended to press the same key too fast even if they could see the target. (wikipedia.org)
  • A national study from 2014 found an overall prevalence of 42.8% for self-reported male circumcision. (wikipedia.org)
  • In that report they found from 1985 to 1991, prevalence of "current smoking" (which they defined as daily smokers and occasional smokers) declined overall, for both sexes and all age groups except for those aged 15 to 24. (wikipedia.org)
  • describe
  • Type IV: other miscellaneous acts, might or might not include cauterization of the clitoris, cutting of the vagina (gishiri cutting), and introducing corrosive substances into the vagina to tighten it (extreme and rare cases) The term "prevalence" is used to describe the proportion of women and girls now living in a country who have undergone FGM at some stage in their lives. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Eye tracking experiments demonstrate that a large prevalence effect can occur across a group of participants with targets of similar appearance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Botswana
  • South Africa, Botswana, and Zimbabwe have successful family planning programs, but other central and southern African countries continue to encounter extreme difficulties in achieving higher contraceptive prevalence and lower fertility for a wide variety of compounding reasons. (wikipedia.org)
  • rates
  • When participants had a chance to correct their responses, their miss rates were reduced (demonstrating that if motor responses contribute to the prevalence effect, there is a perceptual effect if the task is difficult). (wikipedia.org)
  • The highest known prevalence rates are in 30 African countries, in a band that stretches from Senegal in West Africa to Ethiopia on the east coast, as well as from Egypt in the north to Tanzania in the south. (wikipedia.org)
  • Search
  • An experiment similar to an x-ray baggage search at an airport reveals how likely one is to make errors when searching for low-prevalence targets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Study
  • That study also reported a relative increase in the prevalence of ASDs of 40% to 60% over a five-year period. (medpagetoday.com)
  • John Constantino, MD, a child psychiatrist at Washington University in St. Louis, said in an interview that it is important to have the conversation about what the threshold should be for diagnosing an ASD, adding that the difference in prevalence between the CDC estimate and the South Korean study could be due to difficulties in calibrating diagnostic instruments for different cultures. (medpagetoday.com)
  • It is not whether, but how much, the expanding definition of ASDs has contributed to the increases in prevalence seen, both over time and in the South Korean study, he said. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Period prevalence is the proportion of a population that has the condition at some time during a given period (e.g., 12 month prevalence), and includes people who already have the condition at the start of the study period as well as those who acquire it during that period. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colombia
  • The overall prevalence of circumcision is reported to be 6.9% in Colombia, and 7.4% in Brazil (13% in Rio de Janeiro), with most of those being done due to medical issues later in life. (wikipedia.org)
  • proportion
  • In 2007-08, the prevalence of smoking was strongly associated with socioeconomic disadvantage: a greater proportion of men (33%) and women (26%) who live in the most disadvantaged 20% of areas were current smokers than those who live in the least disadvantaged 20% of areas (12% and 11% respectively). (wikipedia.org)
  • countries
  • Smoking prevalence has changed little since the mid-1990s, before which time it declined in English-speaking countries due to the implementation of tobacco control. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other reports claim the prevalence of FGM in countries not discussed by the 2013 UNICEF report. (wikipedia.org)
  • period
  • Period prevalence is analogous to a long exposure (seconds, rather than an instant) photograph: the number of events recorded in the photo whilst the camera shutter was open. (wikipedia.org)
  • claim
  • Prevalence advocates claim this is continuously alleviated by decreasing RAM prices, and the fact that many business databases are small enough already to fit in memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • easily
  • Very, very, slight differences in the calibration of the instruments in one culture or the other could easily result in differences in prevalence by 1 or 2%," Constantino said. (medpagetoday.com)
  • simple
  • System prevalence is a simple software architectural pattern that combines system images (snapshots) and transaction journaling to provide speed, performance scalability, transparent persistence and transparent live mirroring of computer system state. (wikipedia.org)
  • national
  • The numbers on this chart are prevalence counts from the American Cancer Society's Cancer Treatment & Survivorship Facts & Figures 2014-2015 , a collaboration with the National Cancer Institute. (cancer.org)