• morbidity and morta
  • It encompasses the health care dimensions of family planning, preconception, prenatal, and postnatal care in order to ensure a positive and fulfilling experience in most cases and reduce maternal morbidity and mortality in other cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to a June 2017 article published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) their working definition of "severe maternal morbidity and mortality" included "severe postpartum hemorrhage (postpartum hemorrhage requiring transfusion), obstetric shock, sepsis, cardiac complications (cardiac arrest, cardiac failure, myocardial infarction, and pulmonary embolism), acute renal failure, obstetric embolism and evacuation of incisional hematoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • adverse
  • It has been revealed that adverse reproductive effects (e.g., risk for LBW) were correlated with maternal exposure to air pollution combustion emissions in Eastern Europe and North America. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bone mineral density SDS measured by DEXA increased significantly in the GH-treated group compared to the untreated subjects, though there is much debate over whether or not SGA (small for gestational age) is significantly adverse to children to warrant inducing catch-up. (wikipedia.org)
  • disorders
  • Objective To investigate the association between in utero exposure to antidepressants and risk of psychiatric disorders. (bmj.com)
  • The association may be attributable to the severity of underlying maternal disorders in combination with antidepressant exposure in utero. (bmj.com)
  • The efficiency of first-trimester serum analytes and maternal characteristics in predicting fetal growth disorders. (pmarchive.ru)
  • Higher positive autism screenings among males were also seen which corroborates previous studies reporting a significant association between autism spectrum disorders and the male gender. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Third, emergency obstetric care to address the major causes of maternal death which are haemorrhage, sepsis, unsafe abortion, hypertensive disorders and obstructed labour. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conditions proposed to show correlation with paternal age include the following: Advanced paternal age may be associated with a higher risk for certain single-gene disorders caused by mutations of the FGFR2, FGFR3, and RET genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diabetes
  • American Diabetes Association (ADA) guidelines confer a GDM diagnosis if at least two 75-g or 100-g OGTT values meet the following thresholds: ≥95 mg/dl FPG, 1-h glucose ≥180 mg/dl, 2-h glucose ≥155 mg/dl, and 3-h glucose ≥140 mg/dl ( 2 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • High paternal age has been suggested as a risk factor for type 1 diabetes, but research findings are inconsistent and a clear association has not been established. (wikipedia.org)
  • fetus
  • 2 - 4 This risk could reflect at least two genetic pathways: transmission to the daughter of genes that enhance maternal susceptibility to pre-eclampsia, or transmission from the daughter to her fetus of fetal genes that are capable of triggering pre-eclampsia. (bmj.com)
  • It's definitely not something the fetus is protected from," says Myers, who penned an editorial about BPA in the the Journal of the American Medical Association in 2008. (readthehook.com)
  • Sequelae of prematurity can be reduced to a small extent by using drugs to accelerate maturation of the fetus, and to a greater extent by preventing preterm birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the fetus, safety and effectiveness are variable, and depend on the specific procedure, the reasons for the procedure, and the gestational age and condition of the fetus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maternal somatic support after brain death occurs when a brain dead patient is pregnant and her body is kept alive to deliver a fetus. (wikipedia.org)
  • a]t present, it seems that there is no clear lower limit to the gestational age which would restrict the physician's efforts to support the brain dead mother and her fetus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maternal factors include maternal weight, body mass index, nutritional state, emotional stress, toxin exposure (including tobacco, alcohol, heroin, and other drugs which can also harm the fetus in other ways), and uterine blood flow. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is no sharp limit of development, age, or weight at which a fetus automatically becomes viable. (wikipedia.org)
  • obstetric
  • Such a team might include (besides an obstetrician) a specialist in the disorder and other practitioners (for example, maternal-fetal specialists or obstetric physicians, dieticians, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2017
  • A 2017 review found that while severe health effects are associated with higher paternal age, the total increase in problems caused by paternal age is low. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2017 review concluded that the vast majority of studies supported a relationship between paternal age and autism and schizophrenia, but that there is less convincing and also inconsistent evidence for associations with other psychiatric illnesses. (wikipedia.org)
  • paternal
  • This study used 4 observational designs to investigate these associations, including sibling and paternal information. (diva-portal.org)
  • Maternal and paternal covariates included age of childbearing, highest level of completed education, history of criminal conviction, history of psychiatric illnesses, history of suicide attempts, and country of origin (Sweden or outside Sweden). (diva-portal.org)
  • Then, population-wide associations were adjusted for maternal and paternal covariates as well. (diva-portal.org)
  • The paternal age effect is the statistical relationship between paternal age at conception and biological effects on the child. (wikipedia.org)
  • While paternal age has increased since 1960-1970 this is not seen as a major public health concern. (wikipedia.org)
  • The paternal age effect was first proposed implicitly by Weinberg in 1912, and explicitly by Penrose in 1955. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence for a paternal age effect has been proposed for a number of conditions, diseases and other effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • The FGFR genes may be particularly prone to a paternal age effect due to selfish spermatogonial selection, whereby the influence of spermatogonial mutations in older men is enhanced because cells with certain mutations have a selective advantage over other cells (see § DNA mutations). (wikipedia.org)
  • that is, the highest risks occur at low and at high paternal ages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Schizophrenia is thought by some to be associated with advanced paternal age but it is not proven. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some studies examining autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and advanced paternal age have demonstrated an association between the two, although there also appears to be an increase with maternal age. (wikipedia.org)
  • A review 2005 found a U-shaped relationship between paternal age and low intelligence quotients (IQs). (wikipedia.org)
  • Intrapartum
  • The primary outcome was intrapartum fever (temperature at or higher than 38.0°C). Factors associated with the development of maternal fever were evaluated using a multivariable logistic regression model. (asahq.org)
  • 1990
  • Even among brain dead patients, in a U.S. study of 252 brain dead patients from 1990-96, only 5 (2.8%) cases involved pregnant women between 15 and 45 years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • antidepressant
  • Of these, 26,477 offspring had first-trimester maternal antidepressant dispensations, 22,125 of which were selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor dispensations. (diva-portal.org)
  • observational
  • Cases included children up to 9 years of age who had a hospitalization, observational stay, or emergency department visit for asthma or wheeze between January 2001 and September 2009 ( n = 33,387). (biomedcentral.com)
  • cohort
  • A research group from the Sahlgrenska Academy in Sweden and the Norwegian Institute of Public Health studied data about maternal health and birth details collected from almost 60,000 women in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. (healthcanal.com)
  • indicators
  • Also, vaginal bleeding in the third trimester, heavy pressure in the pelvis, or abdominal or back pain could be indicators that a preterm birth is about to occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • evidence
  • In many of these, the statistical evidence of association is weak, and the association may be related by confounding factors, or behavioural differences. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2016 review concluded that the mechanism behind the reported associations was still not clear, with evidence both for selection of individuals liable to psychiatric illness into late fatherhood and evidence for causative mutations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Four different pathways have been identified that can result in preterm birth and have considerable evidence: precocious fetal endocrine activation, uterine overdistension, decidual bleeding, and intrauterine inflammation/infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, there was tentative evidence that children who were born by caesarean had more health problems at age two. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetic
  • Despite the fact that intelligence stabilizes in early adulthood it is thought that genetic factors come to play more of a role in our intelligence during middle and old age and that the importance of the environment dissipates. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1982
  • In the 28-year period between 1982 and 2010, there were "30 [reported] cases of maternal brain death (19 case reports and 1 case series). (wikipedia.org)
  • influences
  • Historically, there has been great interest in the field of intelligence research to determine environmental influences on the development of cognitive functioning, in particular, fluid intelligence, as defined by its stabilization at 16 years of age. (wikipedia.org)