• Humans
  • reviewing the evidence accumulated on a worldwide basis, the International Agency for Research on Cancer concluded in 2004 that "Involuntary smoking (exposure to secondhand or 'environmental' tobacco smoke) is carcinogenic to humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neurotoxic effects have also been linked to poisoning with OP pesticides causing four neurotoxic effects in humans: cholinergic syndrome, intermediate syndrome, organophosphate-induced delayed polyneuropathy (OPIDP), and chronic organophosphate-induced neuropsychiatric disorder (COPIND). (wikipedia.org)
  • utero exposure
  • These findings indicate that levels of growth factors and hormones are strongly associated with stem cell potential in human umbilical cord blood and point to a potential mechanism that may mediate the relationship between in utero exposure to hormones and cancer risk in the offspring. (umassmed.edu)
  • Neonatal withdrawal or neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a withdrawal syndrome of infants after birth caused by in utero exposure to licit or illicit drugs, especially opiates. (wikipedia.org)
  • chemicals
  • Today researchers and clinicians are seeking the most sensitive means to indicate potential toxicity of chemicals in an attempt to prevent harmful human effects. (springer.com)
  • While a few chemicals with known effects on fertility have been excluded from human consumption, we cannot know if others remain undiscovered. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rats
  • 1944. The effect of the administration of sodium bromide to pregnant rats on the learning ability of offspring: IIL Three-table test. (springer.com)
  • birth defects
  • citation needed] Australia's categorisations system takes into account the birth defects, the effects around the birth or when the mother gives birth, and problems that will arise later in the child's life caused from the drug taken. (wikipedia.org)
  • cognitive
  • Cognitive impairment and dementia: Exposure to secondhand smoke may increase the risk of cognitive impairment and dementia in adults 50 and over. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, studies have failed to clearly show that PCE has negative cognitive effects, partly because such effects may be due to concurrent factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • mothers
  • 2) Three case-control studies have examined pseudoephedrine exposure among mothers of children born with gastroschisis. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Effect of aldrin on the condition avoidance response and electroshockseizure threshold of offspring from aldrin-treated mothers. (springer.com)
  • problems
  • Serious side effects can include liver problems and regular monitoring of liver function tests is therefore recommended. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnant
  • U.S. Code of Federal Regulations requires that certain drugs and biological products must be labelled very specifically with respect to their effects on pregnant populations, including a definition of a "pregnancy category. (wikipedia.org)
  • life
  • The pool of stem cells in target tissue has been suggested as a critical factor linking early life exposures to cancer. (umassmed.edu)
  • Cannabis in pregnancy is the subject of various scientific studies, usually regarding whether it has effects on the child later in life. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • The onset and severity of symptoms, whether acute or chronic, depends upon the specific chemical, the route of exposure (skin, lungs, or GI tract), the dose, and the individuals ability to degrade the compound, which the PON1 enzyme level will affect. (wikipedia.org)
  • These syndromes result after acute and chronic exposure to OP pesticides. (wikipedia.org)
  • The long-term effects of alcohol consumption range from cardioprotective health benefits for low to moderate alcohol consumption in industrialized societies with higher rates of cardiovascular disease to severe detrimental effects in cases of chronic alcohol abuse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health effects associated with large levels of alcohol intake include an increased risk of alcoholism, malnutrition, chronic pancreatitis, alcoholic liver disease and cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • Longitudinal investigation of task persistence and sustained attention in children with prenatal coc. (biomedsearch.com)
  • His research on preventing childhood lead exposure has influenced lead policy in several major ways, including: contributing to a paradigm shift from treating lead poisoned children to a primary and secondary prevention approach that involves home investigations and abatements and screening of children to trigger home investigations and repairs. (wikipedia.org)
  • He provided expert testimony regarding the epidemiologic studies of effects of second hand smoke on children. (wikipedia.org)
  • fertility
  • Milder degrees of inefficiency are usually associated with excessive or deficient sex hormone effects in childhood or adolescence, while the mildest forms of CAH interfere with ovulation and fertility in adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research
  • His health services research had a direct effect on the American Academy of Pediatrics establishing the Julius Richmond Center on Tobacco and Child Health, which leads national efforts to get pediatricians to address parental smoking. (wikipedia.org)
  • His research into the positive effect school breakfast programs had on school performance helped to lead to every state in the US implementing school breakfast programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • result
  • Thus researchers have had difficulty in determining which effects result from PCE and which result from other factors in the children's histories. (wikipedia.org)