• malaria in pregnancy
  • HIV infection increases the burden of disease of malaria in pregnancy, in part by impairing the development of immunity.We measured total IgG and phagocytic antibodies against variant surface antigens of placental-type CS2 parasites in 187 secundigravidae (65% HIV infected).Secundigravidae may be an informative group for identification of correlates of immunity. (nih.gov)
  • HIV infection increases the burden of disease of malaria in pregnancy, in part by impairing the development of immunity. (nih.gov)
  • BACKGROUND: Increased susceptibility to malaria in pregnancy is well recognized, and has generally been assumed to be due to hormonal changes resulting in altered immunity. (ox.ac.uk)
  • infection
  • 670) Major puerperal infection (670.04) Endometritis, postpartum (671) Venous complications in pregnancy and the puerperium (671.44) Thrombophlebitis, postpartum (672) Pyrexia of unknown origin during the puerperium (673) Obstetrical pulmonary embolism (674) Other and unspecified complications of the puerperium, not elsewhere (675) Infections of the breast and nipple associated with childbirth (675.14) Abscess of breast, postpartum (675.94) Mastitis, lactating, unspec. (wikipedia.org)
  • The parasitic infection can lead to obstruction of peripheral lymphatic vessels and increased pressure within the vessels causing collateral flow of the lymph, redirecting the lymph flow from the intestinal lymphatic vessels into the lymphatic vessels of the kidney and ureter. (wikipedia.org)
  • fetus
  • A captive 17-year old female Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus) aborted a fetus with a crown rump length of 19cm in early pregnancy. (tapirs.org)
  • The parasitic twin, little more than a torso with or without legs, receives its blood supply from the host twin by means of an umbilical cord-like structure (which often only has 2 blood vessels, instead of 3), much like a fetus in fetu, except the acardiac twin is outside the host twin's body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pregnancy-associated malaria (PAM) or placental malaria is a presentation of the common illness that is particularly life-threatening to both mother and developing fetus. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the average adult citizen of an endemic region possesses some immunity to the parasite, pregnancy causes complications that leave the woman and fetus extremely vulnerable. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • Moreover, studies have shown that women acquire immunity to PAM through antibody recognition of the VAR2CSA domain, also known as VSAPAM, after exposure during their first pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • term
  • They may prescribe medications or recommend bed rest at home or in the hospital for the rest of the pregnancy term. (healthline.com)
  • body
  • The acardiac twin is a parasitic twin that fails to properly develop a heart, and therefore generally does not develop the upper structures of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • The tragedy of malaria in developing countries receives abundant attention from the international health community, but until recently PAM and its unique complications were not adequately addressed. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood cells
  • Based on previous work demonstrating enhanced parasite growth in young normal and thalassemic red blood cells, we hypothesized that in pregnancy increased malaria susceptibility may be due, in part, to the increase in the population of young red cells. (ox.ac.uk)
  • iron
  • Taking supplements of iron and folic acid during your pregnancy may help since most cases of anemia occur due to a deficiency. (healthline.com)
  • problems
  • Although many problems are mild and don't progress, you should always contact your doctor if you have any concerns during your pregnancy. (healthline.com)