• ions
  • To a chemist, potassium chloride is also known as monopotassium chloride, potassium muriate, or potassium monochloride, and features the very simple molecule consisting of a single potassium and chlorine atom that readily dissociate in water into ions. (fsu.edu)
  • Under normal conditions, the opening of GABAA receptors permits the hyperpolarizing influx of chloride ions to inhibit postsynaptic neurons from firing. (wikipedia.org)
  • During this stage, intracellular chloride ion concentrations are high due to low KCC2 expression and high levels of a transporter known as NKCC1 (Na+/K+ chloride cotransporter 1), which moves chloride ions into cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, during embryonic development, the chloride gradient is such that stimulation of GABAA receptors and glycine receptors at inhibitory synapses causes chloride ions to flow out of cells, making the internal neuronal environment less negative (i.e. more depolarized) than it would be at rest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depolarisation of the motor end plate causes potassium ions to leave the muscle cells, repolarising the muscle and closing the calcium channels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sulfate
  • A composition comprising the compound glucosamine sulfate potassium chloride having a purity level of at least about 97% and water present in a maximum amount of about 10 wt. (google.com)
  • The compound is prepared by contacting glucosamine hydrochloride with potassium sulfate. (google.com)
  • The compound is prepared by contacting glucosamine hydrochloride with potassium sulfate in the presence of water to form an aqueous solution of glucosamine sulfate potassium chloride and thereafter freeze-drying the solution at a temperature and at a reduced pressure for such period of time that at least about 90 wt. (google.com)
  • 8. The process of claim 7 wherein the glucosamine hydrochloride and potassium sulfate are contacted in stoichiometric quantities in the presence of sufficient water to form a concentration of solids of about 15 to 40 wt. (google.com)
  • The invention relates to a composition comprising glucosamine sulfate potassium chloride and a process for preparing same. (google.com)
  • hyperkalemia
  • You should not use this medication if you have kidney failure, Addison's disease, severe burns or other tissue injury, if you are dehydrated, if you take certain diuretics (water pills), or if you have high levels of potassium in your blood (hyperkalemia). (wellspan.org)
  • Because of the danger of hyperkalemia, the US FDA limits the amount of potassium supplements to 99 mg (about 1.3 mEq) while recommending an adult daily intake of 4700 mg (about 63 mEq). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, various diseases and medications may decrease the body's excretion of potassium, thereby increasing the risk of potentially fatal hyperkalemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Optical
  • Optical grade potassium chloride, having a refractive index of 1.456, is used for producing infrared windows for Fourier transform infrared ( FTIR ) spectroscopy and inexpensive, disposal laser protection windows. (fsu.edu)
  • Potassium chloride is also an optical crystal with a wide transmission range from 210 nm to 20 µm. (wikipedia.org)
  • primarily
  • The report will be of considerable interest primarily to relevant strategic planners, senior company officials and importers/exporters, since it features invaluable information on potassium chloride export/import operations in Uruguay. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Diet
  • The typical amounts of potassium chloride found in the diet appear to be generally safe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Provoking an attack with exercise and diet then trying oral potassium can be diagnostic, but also dangerous as this form of PP has an alternate form known as hyperkalemic periodic paralysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • As long as high blood potassium does not occur, use in pregnancy or breastfeeding is believed to be safe for the baby. (wikipedia.org)
  • This change in expression correlates to a developmental shift of the chloride ion concentration within neurons from high to low intracellular concentration. (wikipedia.org)
  • solution
  • it consisted of a copper vessel of 3 gallons (13.6 liters) of pearl ash (potassium carbonate) solution contained within compressed air. (wikipedia.org)