• Tumors
  • Calcification deriving from nervous system tumors is a rare quality in astroblastoma patients, but it is nonetheless easy to identify. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma, dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors, juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma, and hemangioblastoma are well-established, pediatric brain cancer tumors that are often confused with astroblastoma patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • resection
  • Comparison of postoperative headache after retrosigmoid approach: vestibular nerve section versus vestibular schwannoma resection. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Subsequent patients will have tumor resection and placement of three peri-tumoral catheters at study entry. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The main management options are: observation, craniotomy for microsurgical resection, neuroendoscopic removal, stereotactic drainage, and cerebrospinal fluid diversion with bilateral ventriculoperitoneal shunting placement. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, recent data compilation from 2011, one that compiled nearly 30 years of clinical information, confirms opposite results from patients: a 95% survival rate exists after astroblastoma is completely removed (gross total resection). (wikipedia.org)
  • Mortality
  • These early respiratory care units utilized a negative and positive pressure unit called the "Iron Lung" to aid patients in respiration and greatly decreased the mortality rate of Polio. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgical
  • The clinically useful infusion rates are 0.025-0.1 (µg/kg)/min for sedation (rates adjusted to age of patient, severity of their illness and invasiveness of surgical procedure). (wikipedia.org)
  • Neurological Intensive care units are specialized units in select tertiary care centers that specialized in the care of critical ill neurological and post neurological surgical patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because a craniotomy (a surgical incision into the skull) is required to implant the electrode grid, ECoG is an invasive procedure. (wikipedia.org)
  • The two developed ECoG as part of their groundbreaking Montreal procedure, a surgical protocol used to treat patients with severe epilepsy. (wikipedia.org)
  • epileptic
  • The device also allows for measurement of intracranial pressure, DC potential, EEG and, optionally, other physiologic parameters in epileptic and severe head trauma patients for management of edema and injury. (google.ca)
  • Complications
  • Besides dealing with critical illness of the nervous system, neurointensivists also treat the medical complications that may occur in their patients, including those of the heart, lung, kidneys, or any other body system, including treatment of infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Electrode
  • Electrode positioning varies from patient to patient, and electrodes can come in rows, in a grid array, or can be individually arranged. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intracortical encephalogram signal analysis has two components: 1) an intracortical EEG multicontact electrode (ICE) that inserted through a patient's skull and deep into the grey matter of the patient, and 2) an artificial intelligent agent that is trained in neurological signal analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • PONV
  • 4 PC6 ( Neiguan ) stimulation prevents PONV with only minor side effects, 5 , 6 and its combination with antiemetic drugs normally provides greater benefits for patients. (bmj.com)
  • intraoperative
  • Modified skin incision for avoiding the lesser occipital nerve and occipital artery during retrosigmoid craniotomy: potential applications for enhancing operative working distance and angles while minimizing the risk of postoperative neuralgias and intraoperative hemorrhage. (semanticscholar.org)
  • This case shows that the bleeding risk is reduced by intraoperative UAE in a patient with placenta previa totalis, and anesthesiologists have an important role in a multidisciplinary team approach. (jove.com)
  • cortical
  • Cortical stimulation mapping is an invasive procedure that has to be completed during a craniotomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cortical stimulation mapping allows electrodes to be placed in exact locations to test brain function and identify if stimulation of the brain location causes a functional impairment in the patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • The modern history of SEPs began with George Dawson's 1947 recordings of somatosensory cortical responses in patients with myoclonus, a neurological condition characterized by abrupt, involuntary, jerk-like contractions of a muscle or muscle group. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of their relatively large amplitude and low frequency compatible with a low sampling rate of A/D conversion, the cortical SEPs were the first studied in normal subjects and patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • cerebrospinal
  • Djindjan M, Fevrier MJ, Otterbein G, Soussy JC (1986) Oxacillin prophylaxis in cerebrospinal fluid shunt procedures: results of a randomized open study in 60 hydrocephalic patients. (springer.com)
  • lumbar
  • Lumbar pain and lower body weakness is also a rarity in astroblastoma patients, even though it is entirely possible for lesions to proliferate toward the spinal cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • Procedure
  • 4 patients underwent a second radiosurgical procedure 6-79 months (median 34 months) after initial radiosurgery. (springer.com)
  • the procedure, typically, does not involve significant discomfort for the patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pain treatment after craniotomy: where is the (procedure-specific) evidence? (wikipedia.org)
  • The procedure is recommended especially for young patients in whom ICP is not controllable by other methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the human brain, a type of reduced activity called burst suppression occurs at a mean temperature of 24°C, and electrocerebral silence occurs at a mean temperature of 18°C. The achievement of measured electrocerebral silence has been called "a safe and reliable guide" for determining cooling required for individual patients, and verification of electrocerebral silence is required prior to stopping blood circulation to begin a DHCA procedure. (wikipedia.org)
  • headache
  • OBJECTIVES On the basis of survey results of the Acoustic Neuroma Association (ANA), we report patient ratings of postoperative headache (POH) symptoms, determine its effect on quality of life (QOL), and review the literature regarding POH after acoustic neuroma (AN) treatment. (semanticscholar.org)
  • A patient experiencing a headache does not necessarily have an arachnoid cyst. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a 2002 study involving 78 patients with a migraine or tension-type headache, CT scans showed abnormalities in over a third of the patients, though arachnoid cysts only accounted for 2.6% of patients in this study. (wikipedia.org)
  • craniectomy
  • This was a randomized trial comparing decompressive craniectomy to best medical therapy run between 2002 and 2010 to assess the optimal management of patients with medically refractory ICP following diffuse non-penetrating head injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pooled evidence from three randomised controlled trials in Europe supports the retrospective observations that early (within 48 hours) application of decompressive craniectomy after "malignant" stroke may result in improved survival and functional outcome in patients under the age of 55, compared to conservative management alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • found a net 65% favorable outcomes rate in pediatric patients for accidental trauma after craniectomy when followed for more than five years. (wikipedia.org)
  • After a craniectomy, the risk of brain injury is increased, particularly after the patient heals and becomes mobile again. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Methods A randomised, patient and assessor-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical study was conducted. (bmj.com)
  • Therefore, while the presence of symptoms may provoke further clinical investigation, symptoms independent of further data cannot-and should not-be interpreted as evidence of a cyst's existence, size, location, or potential functional impact on the patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • However, most patients come into the clinic citing symptoms associated with the primary injury causing the Kernohan's notch. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients with arachnoid cysts may never show symptoms, even in some cases where the cyst is large. (wikipedia.org)
  • A patient with a cyst on the left middle cranial fossa had auditory hallucinations, migraine-like headaches, and periodic paranoia Patients with left temporal lobe cysts had mood disturbances similar to manic depression (bipolar disorder) and were known to show outward aggression Patients with arachnoid cysts may never show symptoms, even in some cases where the cyst is large The exact cause of arachnoid cysts is not known. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colloid cyst symptoms have been associated with 4 variables: cyst size, cyst imaging characteristics, ventricular size, and patient age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various management options exist depending on the severity of symptoms and their effect on the patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • infusion
  • The investigators hypothesized that valproic acid will increase rocuronium requirement and MgSO4 infusion would reduce requirement of muscle relaxant in craniotomy patients preloaded with sodium valproate. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The next day, patients will start a continuous 48-hour infusion of IL13- PE38QQR into the tumor. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A target plasma concentration is entered as ng/ml into the pump, which calculates its infusion rate according to patient factors like age and weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • neurological
  • BACKGROUND: The process of discontinuing neurological patients from mechanical ventilation is still controversial. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Of the patients who have their heart stopped seven to thirty percent leave the hospital with good neurological outcome (conscious, normal brain function, alert, capable of normal life). (wikipedia.org)
  • Neurological monitoring : Serial neurologic examination, assessment of comatose patients (Glasgow Coma Scale plus pupil or four score), ICP (subarachnoid hemorrhages, TBI, Hydrocephalus, Stroke, CNS infection, Hepatic failure), multimodality monitoring to monitor disease and prevent secondary injury in states that are insensitive to neurological exam or conditions confounded by sedation, neuromuscular blockade and coma. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • Although the size of the burn injury is a risk factor for pruritus, almost 50% of patients with small burn injuries reported moderate or severe pruritus. (bioportfolio.com)
  • In general, this phenomenon occurs in patients with advanced brain tumor or severe head injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Second, out of almost 3500 potentially eligible patients, only 155 patients were enrolled, showing that the study cannot be generalized to all patients with severe non-penetrating brain injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pain
  • The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of pregabalin, duloxetine and amitriptyline compared with placebo in reducing pain in diabetic patients as assessed by Brief Pain I. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The evidence regarding effects of pain modulator like gabapentin on postoperative pain after sleeve gastrctomy is sparse. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The ICU also provides ideal pain control protocols individualized to each patient and optimizing fluid therapy and balance using crystalloids and colloids as well as blood products is a particular focus of the ICU. (ucdavis.edu)
  • strip
  • Patients or caretakers can "strip" the drains by taking a damp towel or piece of cloth and bracing the portion of the tubing closest to the body with their fingers, run the cloth down the length of the tube to the drain bulb. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • Gabapentin has been shown to be effective for the treatment of pruritus in adult patients with brachioradial pruritus, uraemic pruritus and pruritus of unknown origin. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This study aimed to investigate patient and treatment characteristics associated with non-cure after tuberculosis (TB) treatment in these counties. (ebscohost.com)
  • Craniotomies are often critical operations, performed on patients who are suffering from brain lesions or traumatic brain injury (TBI), and can also allow doctors to surgically implant deep brain stimulators for the treatment of Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, and cerebellar tremor. (wikipedia.org)
  • brain
  • Patients will receive IL13- PE38QQR via a catheter placed directly into the brain tumor. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In general, a craniotomy will be preceded by an MRI scan which provides an image of the brain that the surgeon uses to plan the precise location for bone removal and the appropriate angle of access to the relevant brain areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to access the cortex, a surgeon must first perform a craniotomy, removing a part of the skull to expose the brain surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • critically ill
  • Admission criteria includes: Impaired consciousness, impaired ability to protect airway, progressive respiratory weakness, need for mechanical ventilation, seizure, Radiologic evidence of elevated ICP, monitoring of neurologic function in patients that are critically ill. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most neurocritical care units are a collaborative effort between neurointensivists, neurosurgeons, neurologists, radiologists, pharmacists, physician extenders (such as nurse practitioners or physician assistants), critical care nurses, respiratory therapists, rehabilitation therapists, and social workers who all work together in order to provide coordinated care for the critically ill neurologic patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • skull
  • When the patient has healed sufficiently, the opening in the skull is usually closed with a cranioplasty. (wikipedia.org)
  • results
  • Although our results in shunt patients do not reach statistical significance, we also recommend single dose prophylaxis in these cases, since there is a clear difference of infection rate between patients receiving and not receiving the antibiotic. (springer.com)
  • Blomstedt GC, Kytta J (1988) Results of a randomized trial of vancomycin prophylaxis in craniotomy. (springer.com)
  • There is currently great variability in the processes used to administer the test, and so it is difficult to compare results from one patient to the other. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gabapentin
  • To investigate using the drug gabapentin to relieve the intense pruritic sensation associated with chronic renal failure patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis. (bioportfolio.com)
  • care
  • Veterinarians are on duty around the clock to monitor and care for patients in the ICU. (ucdavis.edu)
  • The ICU is always open to direct patient care to direct patient care and consult as needed. (ucdavis.edu)
  • The VMTH's state-of-the-art ICU can accommodate eight to 14 patients, depending on patient size and the level of care required. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Dr. Bjørn Aage Ibsen, a physician in Denmark, "birthed the intensive care unit", when he used tracheostomy and positive pressure manual ventilation to keep polio patients alive in the setting of an influx of patients and limited resources (only one iron Lung). (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • Usability of Validated Sleep-assessment Questionnaires in Patients with Chronic Pruritus: An Interview-based Study. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Impaired sleep due to nocturnal pruritus is a common symptom in patients with chronic pruritus. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Chronic subdural bleeds develop over a period of days to weeks, often after minor head trauma, though such a cause is not identifiable in 50% of patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • median
  • 14 patients (8 males, 6 females) aged 27-75 years (median 38) were treated between May 1993 and December 2003. (springer.com)