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  • epidemiology
  • The basic science of public health genomics is "human genome epidemiology," the set of methods for collecting, analyzing, and synthesizing data on the distribution of gene variants, gene-disease associations, and gene-environment and gene-gene interactions. (cdc.gov)
  • P3G is member-based and composed of experts from the different disciplines in the areas of and related to genomics, including epidemiology, law, ethics, technology, biomolecular science, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • P3G works with its members and other experts to develop tools, methods and resources designed to optimize and harmonize the infrastructures of biobanks and research projects in the areas of population genomics, epidemiology and the environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • distinct
  • At least four genetically and phenotypically distinct populations of Saccharomyces paradoxus have been identified, corresponding to main geographical divisions: Europe (including West Siberia), Far East Asia (Japan, Eastern Siberia), North America (North American East and West coasts, Great Lakes region) and North-East America (Gaspé Peninsula, Saint Lawrence Valley and Appalaches), respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2014 his team showed that all paleoeskimos in the New World representing several distinct cultures all belonged to the same population as the Saqqaq man and that they lived in genetic isolation from Native Americans for almost 5,000 years before they died out some 700 years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • demography
  • She is also comparing diversity on the sex chromosomes and non-sex chromosomes across hundreds of individuals to determine how population demography, selection, and sex-specific mutation processes combine to contribute to the accumulation of mutations in the human genome. (labroots.com)
  • analyses
  • Moore et al conducted a study in 2014 in which a group of Atlantic Salmon populations which were previously analyzed with traditional population genetic analyses (microsatellites, SNP-array genotyping, BayeScan (which uses the Dirichlet-multinomial distribution)) to place them into defined conservational units. (wikipedia.org)
  • differentiation
  • The paper PoPoolation2: Identifying differentiation between populations using sequencing of pooled DNA samples (Pool-Seq) by Robert Kofler, Ram Vinay Pandey and Christian Schlötterer is published in the current issue of the journal Bioinformatics. (vetmeduni.ac.at)
  • research
  • March 9, 2011 - See Notice NOT-HG-11-016 Notice to Encourage Use of Research Project Grant (Parent R01) PA-10-067 and NIH Exploratory Developmental Research Grant Program (Parent R21) PA-10-069 to Support Technology and Methods Development for Genomics, Population Genomics and ELSI Research. (nih.gov)
  • Collecting and analyzing human genetic data in population-based research can help us interpret variations in health and disease among people and across populations. (cdc.gov)
  • today's
  • 2015), "Eastern European hunter-gatherers" who inhabited today's Russia were a distinctive population of hunter-gatherers with high affinity to a ~24,000-year-old Siberian from Mal'ta-Buret' culture, or other, closely related people from Siberia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eurasian
  • The Western Eurasian dog population was partially and gradually replaced by East Asian dogs introduced by humans at least 6,400 years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Marsican brown bear, one of several currently isolated populations of the main Eurasian brown bear race, in central Italy is believed to have a population of just 30 to 40 bears. (wikipedia.org)
  • baker's
  • Rather than one or two domestication events leading to the extant baker's yeasts, the population structure of S. cerevisiae consists of a few well-defined geographically isolated lineages and many different mosaics of these lineages, supporting the idea that human influence provided the opportunity for cross-breeding and production of new combinations of pre-existing variation. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • genomes
  • Population genomics is a recently emerged discipline, which aims at understanding how evolutionary processes influence genetic variation across genomes. (springer.com)
  • 2015), the Andronovo culture and the preceding Sintashta culture are partially derived from the Corded Ware culture, given the higher proportion of ancestry matching the earlier farmers of Europe, similar to the admixture found in the genomes of the Corded Ware population. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • This was the first genetic evidence for cultural change happening in isolation through the spread of ideas within a population rather than through meetings between different groups of peoples as seen e.g. during the European Neolithisation. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2015), autosomic tests indicate that the Yamnaya-people were the result of admixture between two different hunter-gatherer populations: distinctive "Eastern European hunter-gatherers" with high affinity to the Mal'ta-Buret' culture or other, closely related people from Siberia and a population of "Caucasus hunter-gatherers" who probably arrived from somewhere in the Near East, probably the Caucasus. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1932 Wright introduced the concept of an adaptive landscape and argued that genetic drift and inbreeding could drive a small, isolated sub-population away from an adaptive peak, allowing natural selection to drive it towards different adaptive peaks. (wikipedia.org)
  • processes
  • While such data cannot be used to study contemporary populations, they contain information about ancestral population processes, particularly when speciation events are sufficiently close in time that incomplete lineage sorting (ILS) occurs. (genetics.org)
  • genes
  • E.J.L., G.L. D.M.C., L.B. did the population structure and novel genes analysis. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The American biologist Sewall Wright, who had a background in animal breeding experiments, focused on combinations of interacting genes, and the effects of inbreeding on small, relatively isolated populations that exhibited genetic drift. (wikipedia.org)
  • emphasis
  • A recent workshop entitled 'Population Genomic Data Analysis' was held to provide training in conceptual and practical aspects of data production and analysis for population genomics, with an emphasis on NGS data analysis. (nih.gov)
  • steppes
  • Mezhovskaya culture reflects the further stages of development Ugric community in active contact with the Indo-Iranian population of the Ural steppes. (wikipedia.org)
  • speciation
  • The amount of ILS depends on population parameters such as the ancestral effective population sizes and the recombination rate, but also on the number of generations between speciation events. (genetics.org)
  • The theory of coalescence allows us to predict quantities like the proportions of sites in each type of genealogy according to ancestral effective population sizes, speciation times, and recombination rates. (genetics.org)
  • bioinformatics
  • In the past few decades, there has been a significant advance in the number, sophistication, and quality of molecular techniques and bioinformatics tools for the genetic characterization of virus populations. (springer.com)
  • extant
  • This indicates that an extant wolf population ancestral to dogs has not been found, and is presumed that the wolves immediately ancestral to dogs are extinct. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zealand
  • Some strains from the European population are found in North America and New Zealand and likely result from recent colonization events. (wikipedia.org)
  • Andronovo
  • The ancestors of Mezhovskaya culture's were the population of Cherkaskul culture with the participation of the population of Tobol taiga with traditions and cultures of the ceramics steppe zone of the Ural and Kazakhstan (Andronovo culture) ), especially Sargarino-Alexis culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mixed population: Indo-European (Andronovo culture) and Ugric (Cherkaskul culture) tribes. (wikipedia.org)
  • model
  • Despite the wide applicability and obvious power of the method, however, it has so far proven possible to apply next-generation sequencing at the scale of populations to only few model systems. (vetmeduni.ac.at)
  • recombination
  • This phenomenon is illustrated in Figure 2 , showing a partial alignment simulated using a coalescent with recombination process, with parameters close to the currently accepted values for the ape populations. (genetics.org)