• minority
  • Further, it has been established that "natural," (that is to say, carried) populations of meningococci are highly diverse, with a minority of genotypes (the "hyperinvasive lineages") being responsible for the majority of disease ( 3 ). (springer.com)
  • Introduction : Data on diabetes morbidity and mortality and the quality of care among U.S. minority populations are necessary to assess progress toward eliminating racial/ethnic disparities and to design and implement effective interventions. (cdc.gov)
  • laboratory
  • Combined with a proficient and reasonably well-equipped laboratory, passive ILI surveillance can provide information on seasonal trends, give early indication of increased disease incidence and lead to typing of circulating influenza viruses, including variant strains considered for inclusion in future vaccines against novel influenza A viruses with pandemic potential. (who.int)
  • data
  • Methods: We use data for females aged 15-49 from the Agincourt health and socio-demographic surveillance system (1993-2013). (diva-portal.org)
  • Another major limitation of passive surveillance is the lack of a precise population denominator from which to calculate attack rates and disease burden without resorting to additional studies, especially in developing countries, where accurate data on demographics and health service usage are rarely available. (who.int)
  • The main advantage of population-based influenza surveillance is that it provides the data needed to determine the population at risk of infection and to calculate from it accurate attack rates and disease burden. (who.int)
  • A combination of data obtained by classical epidemiological techniques with insights gained from the analysis of the population biology of Neisseria meningitidis have proved to be critical in understanding the spread of menin-gococcal disease. (springer.com)
  • It also makes individual savings, and information about individual incomes and transactions, accessible to any party able to access the records - either legitimately (police and tax related) or not (hackers and persons with access to the relevant data), and in this way, it facilitates population surveillance. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vast majority of computer surveillance involves the monitoring of data and traffic on the Internet. (wikipedia.org)
  • Computers can be a surveillance target because of the personal data stored on them. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another form of computer surveillance, known as van Eck phreaking, involves reading electromagnetic emanations from computing devices in order to extract data from them at distances of hundreds of meters. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1966, a Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) was established in Matlab to record data regarding birth, death and migration. (wikipedia.org)
  • system
  • In 2008, Sir Bonar was cited in a Guardian April 1 hoax article about the British government's "Panopticon" plan, the "National Operational Deterrence and Intelligence Surveillance System" (NODISS). (wikipedia.org)
  • site
  • A case of GAS infection was defined as isolation of GAS from a sterile site in a resident of a surveillance area who was pregnant or in the postpartum period. (oup.com)
  • Active
  • Active surveillance of households can identify persons with ILI or with mild or even severe influenza-related illness who do not seek health care or who are kept from doing so by lack of time, financial constraints or cultural preferences. (who.int)
  • health
  • Disease surveillance, essential for guiding the public health response to influenza and other respiratory diseases, allows for early case detection and for the implementation of preventive measures. (who.int)
  • Passive sentinel influenza surveillance, however, only detects symptomatic cases severe enough to prompt the patient to seek health care and could easily miss mild cases in an incipient pandemic and delay the recognition of an outbreak. (who.int)
  • This editorial highlights the requirement for comprehensive dental surveillance to detect and manage poor oral health (a significant risk factor for bacteraemia) as an essential preventative strategy for infective endocarditis and its potentially life-threatening complications. (bmj.com)
  • Diseases
  • Population-based approaches provide ideal platforms for the development of transmission models and for future testing of community control measures directed at influenza and other respiratory diseases, including both pharmaceutical (e.g. influenza vaccination) and non-pharmaceutical (e.g. hand washing) interventions. (who.int)
  • identify
  • Therefore, automated Internet surveillance computers sift through the vast amount of intercepted Internet traffic to identify and report to human investigators the traffic that is considered interesting or suspicious. (wikipedia.org)
  • insights
  • In recognition of the importance of the multi-disciplinary approach necessary to establish these insights, this section contains chapters ranging from outbreak management through surveillance and isolate characterization techniques to phylogenetic methods. (springer.com)
  • state
  • This entry was posted in spywriter and tagged CIA , East Germany , HTLINGUAL , north korea , Police State , Stasi , surveillance . (wordpress.com)
  • The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry maintains the National ALS Registry and funded state and metropolitan surveillance projects to obtain reliable, timely information about ALS in defined geographic areas. (cdc.gov)
  • Gnomon (2017) deals with a state that exerts ubiquitous surveillance on its population. (wikipedia.org)
  • public
  • Liberal democracies have laws which restrict domestic government and private use of surveillance, usually limiting it to circumstances where public safety is at risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Little is known about costs related to the surveillance of patients that have undergone curative resection of colorectal cancer. (lse.ac.uk)
  • model
  • Epidemiological surveillance of tick populations : A model to predict the colonization success of Ixodes ricinus (Acari : Ixodidae). (ehesp.fr)
  • A model that predicts the habitat availability for permanent populations of the tick Ixodes ricinus has been developed and applied to Spain. (ehesp.fr)
  • Six long-term climate variables, which cover temperature and rainfall factors, drive the model by assigning the expected probability to find stable tick populations. (ehesp.fr)
  • French
  • The word surveillance comes from a French phrase for "watching over" (sur means "from above" and veiller means "to watch") and is in contrast to more recent developments such as sousveillance. (wikipedia.org)