• bees
  • Bees collect pollen from the plants and transport it to their honeycomb in the form of granules, which they make themselves. (botanical-online.com)
  • The granules, orange, yellow, green or brown, are formed by bees from the pollen and nectar of the plants . (botanical-online.com)
  • It is a small subfamily, unique among wasps in feeding their larvae exclusively with pollen and nectar, in a fashion quite similar to many solitary bees. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pollen basket or corbicula (plural corbiculae) is part of the tibia on the hind legs of certain species of bees. (wikipedia.org)
  • most other bees possess a structure called the scopa, which is similar in function, but is a dense mass of branched hairs into which pollen is pressed, with pollen grains held in place in the narrow spaces between the hairs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bee bread is also the bee pollen with added nectar and enzymes and stored in brood cells, chambers of honeybees or of wood and mud created by female ground-nesting (such as the Leafcutting Bee) bees. (wikipedia.org)
  • whereas with honey bees, the thing to keep in mind is that the forager bees that gather pollen do not eat it themselves, since when they transition to foraging, they stop producing the proteolytic enzymes necessary to digest it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Foraging bees bring pollen back to the hive, where they pass it off to other worker bees, who pack the pollen into cells with their heads. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like honey and propolis, other well-known honey bee products that are gathered rather than secreted (i.e., in contrast to royal jelly and beeswax), the exact chemical composition depends on the plants the worker bees gather the pollen from, and can vary from hour to hour, day to day, week to week, colony to colony, even in the same apiary, with no two samples of bee pollen exactly identical. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2014 Hive-stored pollen of honey bees: many lines of evidence are consistent with pollen preservation, not nutrient conversion. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1961
  • Arabella Pollen (born 22 June 1961) is an English fashion designer and, as Bella Pollen , journalist and author of five novels published between 1997 and 2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • Daniel Pollen
  • The island is named after Daniel Pollen, who bought it in 1855. (wikipedia.org)
  • Daniel Pollen (2 June 1813 - 18 May 1896) was the son of Elizabeth (née O'Neill) and Hugh Pollen and became the ninth Premier of New Zealand, serving from 6 July 1875 to 15 February 1876. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1870, Daniel Pollen held four positions - Receiver of Land Revenue, Commissioner of Confiscated Lands, Commissioner under the Native Land Act of 1870, and Immigration Officer. (wikipedia.org)
  • L. K. Gluckman, Ann Gluckman, Mike Wagg, Touching on Deaths: a medical history of early Auckland (2000), p. 83: "DANIEL POLLEN (1813-1896) Pollen was born in Dublin although it is unknown whether he obtained his MD in Ireland or the USA. (wikipedia.org)
  • allergy
  • Although pollen is very suitable for all people, except for those who have allergy to pollen , it is especially indicated in cases of convalescence or to prevent the appearance of diseases by endowing the body with greater resistance against them. (botanical-online.com)
  • Allergy to pollen is called hay fever . (fact-index.com)
  • Pine has the biggest pollen grains - which don't wreak as much havoc on allergy sufferers, but they're the ones that coat everything, said Ronald Hendrick, professor of forest ecology at the University of Georgia's Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources. (redorbit.com)
  • According to a study by Leonard Bielory, M.D. that was presented to the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, climate changes are expected to cause pollen counts to more than double by 2040. (wikipedia.org)
  • corbicula
  • The pollen is transferred to the pollen comb on the hind legs and then combed, pressed, compacted, and transferred to the corbicula on the outside surface of the tibia of the hind legs. (wikipedia.org)
  • There was little formal description of the corbicula before Carl Linnaeus explained the biological function of pollen in the mid-18th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • A century later, the authors of "Imms" included only the terms scopa and corbicula in the index, with "pollen basket" in the text. (wikipedia.org)
  • Honey
  • A Honey bee, covered in the purple thistle pollen digs for more reward. (smugmug.com)
  • This researcher realized that most of the participants in the study were over 100 years of age and almost all of them worked as beekeepers, so they consumed pollen and honey daily. (botanical-online.com)
  • A honey bee moistens the forelegs with its protruding tongue and brushes the pollen that has collected on its head, body and forward appendages to the hind legs. (wikipedia.org)
  • So the foragers unload the pollen they've gathered directly into open cells located at the interface between the brood and stored honey, creating a typical band of what is called beebread - the substance which is the main food source for honey bee larvae and workers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite this microbial diversity, stored pollen (also called bee bread) is a preservation environment similar to honey, and contains consistently low microbial biomass. (wikipedia.org)
  • allergies
  • My allergist in North Carolina tests for allergies to pine pollens, and my reaction was a 5 (out of 5), so I guess that enough of us out there are allergic to it, possibly because of the sheer volumes we've encountered. (bio.net)
  • Again, not as an expert (but perhaps due to a modern urban legend), a LARGE (but not ALL) of the problems with pine pollen 'allergies' are due more to the physical effects due to the relatively large (with SPIKES! (bio.net)
  • Generally pollens that cause allergies are those of anemophilous (literally wind-loving) plants, which produce very lightweight pollen grains in great quantities for wind dispersal, and subsequently contacting human nasal passages through breathing. (fact-index.com)
  • The late summer and fall pollen allergies are usually caused by ragweed , a common, anemophilous and inconspicuous flower. (fact-index.com)
  • Arizona was once regarded as a haven for people with pollen allergies, since ragweed does not grow in the desert. (fact-index.com)
  • and early summer grasses may also induce pollen allergies. (fact-index.com)
  • Bee pollen is safe for short term use, but for those with pollen allergies, allergic reactions may occur (shortness of breath, hives, swelling, and anaphylaxis). (wikipedia.org)
  • Counts
  • High pollen counts can sometimes lead to increased rates of an allergic reaction for those with allergic disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mild winters with warmer days lead to an increase in pollen counts while colder winters lead to delayed pollen release. (wikipedia.org)
  • anthers
  • Pollen is produced in the microsporangia in the male cone of a conifer or other gymnosperm or in the anthers of an angiosperm flower. (wikipedia.org)
  • collect
  • One method of taking the sample uses a silicone grease-covered rod, rotated in the air to collect the pollen. (wikipedia.org)
  • flower
  • Since this pollen does not become airborne, only way to get goldenrod pollen on your nasal passages would be to stick the flower up your nose. (fact-index.com)
  • The close relationship between insects and angiosperms, as illustrated by this bee collecting pollen from the flower, may have been instrumental in the radiation of flowering plants. (blackwellpublishing.com)
  • As exotic blooms begin to flower all over the city, the pollen count is racing towards 2000 and Sybil is running out of time. (panmacmillan.com)
  • Pollen sac to:pollen sac is part of flower. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pollen is produced by the stamen, the male reproductive organ of the flower. (wikipedia.org)
  • ovule
  • The germinated pollen tube must then drill its way through the nutrient-rich style and curl to the bottom of the ovary to reach the ovule. (wikipedia.org)
  • unusual
  • Pollen wasps, the Masarinae, are unusual wasps that are typically treated as a subfamily of Vespidae, but have in the past sometimes been recognized as a separate family, "Masaridae", which also included the subfamily Euparagiinae. (wikipedia.org)
  • seasonal
  • Pollen is a seasonal problem for millions of people around the world who suffer from allergenic reactions to the antigens embedded on the outer casing of these microscopic grains. (microscopyu.com)
  • diameter
  • Remarkably, the pollen tube's journey through the style often results in depth-to-diameter ratios above 100:1 and up to 1000:1 in certain species. (wikipedia.org)
  • nutritional
  • Pollen is sold as a nutritional supplement, marketed as "bee pollen" (even though it is of course from flowers). (fact-index.com)
  • Accordingly, chemical and nutritional analyses of bee pollen apply only to the specific samples being tested, and cannot be extrapolated to samples gathered in other places or other times. (wikipedia.org)
  • photographs
  • Taft said her department got upgraded cameras last year to take better photographs of fingerprints stuck in pollen. (redorbit.com)
  • Motu Manawa (Pollen Island) Marine Reserve and features at the Department of Conservation Photographs of Pollen Island held in Auckland Libraries' heritage collections. (wikipedia.org)
  • plants
  • Pollen grains have a hard coat made of sporopollenin that protects the gametophytes during the process of their movement from the stamens to the pistil of flowering plants, or from the male cone to the female cone of coniferous plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • A pollen-presenter is an area on the tip of the pistil in flowers of plants of the family Proteaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plants that are self-sterile often inhibit the pollen grains from their own flowers from growing pollen tubes. (wikipedia.org)
  • subsequent
  • Numerous subsequent studies have concluded that after a few days of taking pollen, the body feels more vigorous, stronger and with a stronger vital desire . (botanical-online.com)
  • form
  • The callose wall is broken down by an enzyme called callase and the freed pollen grains grow in size and develop their characteristic shape and form a resistant outer wall called the exine and an inner wall called the intine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Female
  • With the Leafcutting Bee, when the pollen ball is complete, a single female lays an egg on top of the pollen ball, and seals the brood cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • People
  • People with anorexia can increase their desire to eat food after taking pollen for a few days. (botanical-online.com)
  • Pollen can make it difficult for crime scene investigators to lift fingerprints from outdoor surfaces, since the dust absorbs the moisture people normally leave behind. (redorbit.com)
  • Make
  • The antioxidant capacity of bee pollen , together with zinc and vitamin C make pollen a good supplement to improve vision and prevent the onset of eye fatigue or other eye diseases such as macular degeneration , night blindness, the falls, etc. (botanical-online.com)
  • Adding pollen to the mix can make it that much harder to track a thief. (redorbit.com)
  • Fashion
  • Textiles giant axes designer fashion firm: The demise of the Arabella Pollen concern has shocked the clothing industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pollen is a full service branding and digital agency specialising in the fashion & retail sectors. (behance.net)
  • former
  • Dr Annebella Pollen is Senior Lecturer in the History of Art and Design at the University of Brighton and a former Mass Observer. (socresonline.org.uk)
  • made
  • Prints buried under pollen can still be lifted if enough of the yellow dust can be cleared, but prints made over pollen might be tougher to get, Warner said. (redorbit.com)
  • When the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 became law, Pollen was made chief clerk in the Auckland Superintendent's office. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • Analysis of the type and frequency of the pollen in each layer is used to study changes in climate or land use using regional vegetation as a proxy. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study of bee pollen samples showed that they may contain 188 kinds of fungi and 29 kinds of bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Great
  • The Pollen Baronetcy of Redenham, in the County of Southampton, is a title in the Baronetage of Great Britain. (wikipedia.org)
  • His son, John Pollen I, grandson, John Pollen II (c. 1642 - by November 1719), and great-grandson, John Pollen III (c. 1702 - 1775), all represented Andover in the House of Commons. (wikipedia.org)
  • sometimes
  • In the spring when the pollen is at its worst in the region, police sometimes have to get creative to coax evidence from underneath the sticky covering left by oaks, elms, maples and especially pines - the most popular tree in Georgia. (redorbit.com)
  • Bee pollen is sometimes referred to as ambrosia. (wikipedia.org)
  • book
  • Pollen is a much more tangled book, more fertile, a very overgrown, edge-of-wilderness narrative. (wikipedia.org)
  • Next
  • During pollen tube growth, DNA damages that arise need to be repaired in order for the male genomic information to be transmitted intact to the next generation. (wikipedia.org)
  • yellow
  • ATLANTA -- All the pollen-covered cars in the South may be an eyesore to drivers, but the yellow dust might be a bandit's best friend. (redorbit.com)