• species
  • Nocardia species are found worldwide in soil rich in organic matter. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nocardia colonies have a variable appearance, but most species appear to have aerial hyphae when viewed with a dissecting microscope, particularly when they have been grown on nutritionally limiting media. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nocardia species are deeply involved in the process of endocarditis as one of its main pathogenic effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nocardia isolation from biological specimens can be performed using an agar medium enriched with yeast extract and activated charcoal (BCYE), the same used for Legionella species. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genera Nocardia and Rhodococcus have been found to be closely related, supported by two conserved signature indels consisting of a one-amino-acid deletion in the alpha subunit of acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC), and a three-amino-acid insertion in a conserved region of an ATP-binding protein that are specifically shared by species from these two genera. (wikipedia.org)
  • The presence of focal neurologic signs and symptoms suggesting space-occupying lesion should lead one to consider chronic suppurative lung disease due to Nocardia species or a mixed aerobic and anaerobic bacterial pneumonia. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Nocardia species are often responsible for the accumulation of foam that occurs in activated sludge during sewage treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • genera
  • A number of conserved signature indels and conserved signature proteins have been identified which are uniquely found in the genera Nocardia and Rhodococcus, supporting a close relationship between the two genera. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • Pneumonia can be classified in several ways, most commonly by where it was acquired (hospital versus community), but may also by the area of lung affected or by the causative organism. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, no conserved signature indels or proteins have been found that are commonly shared by Nocardia, Rhodococcus, and Gordonia, the fully sequenced members of the proposed Nocardiaceae revision. (wikipedia.org)
  • lung
  • Hospitalized patients may have many risk factors for pneumonia, including mechanical ventilation, prolonged malnutrition, underlying heart and lung diseases, decreased amounts of stomach acid, and immune disturbances. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eosinophilic pneumonia Eosinophilic pneumonia is invasion of the lung by eosinophils, a particular kind of white blood cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although overlapping with many other classifications, necrotizing pneumonia includes pneumonias that cause substantial necrosis of lung cells, and sometimes even lung abscess. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • This series includes the first case reported in which signs and symptoms of cushings subsided after treatment of Nocardia. (aku.edu)
  • Chronic pneumonia is manifested by abnormal chest radiographic findings and by chronic or progressive pulmonary symptoms. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Because respiratory symptoms of chronic pneumonia are non-specific, an important clue to the etiologic diagnosis of chronic pneumonia is the presence of extrapulmonary findings. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Onset of symptoms is often gradual, but in necrotizing staphylococcal or gram-negative bacillary pneumonias patients can be acutely ill. (wikipedia.org)
  • alveoli
  • With dust pneumonia, dust settles all the way into the alveoli of the lungs, stopping the cilia from moving and preventing the lungs from ever clearing themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aspiration
  • Most cases of chronic pneumonia due to an infectious etiology result from inhalation of aerosolized organisms or aspiration of oral contents. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Aspiration pneumonia (or aspiration pneumonitis) is caused by aspirating foreign objects which are usually oral or gastric contents, either while eating, or after reflux or vomiting which results in bronchopneumonia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Linezolid
  • Linezolid appears to be highly effective against Nocardia, but it is very expensive and may cause severe adverse effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • No significant difference appears in treatment success rates between linezolid, glycopeptides, or appropriate beta-lactam antibiotics in the treatment of pneumonia. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotics
  • Although Nocardia has interesting and important features such as production of antibiotics and aromatic compound-degrading or -converting enzymes, the genetic study of this organism has been hampered by the lack of genetic tools. (wikipedia.org)
  • inhalation
  • Chemical pneumonia (usually called chemical pneumonitis) is caused by chemical toxicants such as pesticides, which may enter the body by inhalation or by skin contact. (wikipedia.org)
  • chest
  • Chase mentions that Alfredo has a low titer for chlamydia antibodies, but this is dismissed by Foreman because the chest X-rays do not match a chlamydial pneumonia. (wikipedia.org)