• ratios
  • Sex-selective abortion affects the human sex ratio-the relative number of males to females in a given age group, with China and India, the two most populous countries of the world, having unbalanced gender ratios. (wikipedia.org)
  • Countries considered to have significant practices of sex-selective abortion are those with birth sex ratios of 108 and above (selective abortion of females), and 102 and below (selective abortion of males). (wikipedia.org)
  • Significant deviations in birth sex ratios from the normal range can only be explained by manipulation, that is sex-selective abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a widely cited article, Amartya Sen compared the birth sex ratio in Europe (106) and United States (105) with those in Asia (107+) and argued that the high sex ratios in East Asia, West Asia and South Asia may be due to excessive female mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • James' hypothesis is supported by historical birth sex ratio data before technologies for ultrasonographic sex-screening were discovered and commercialized in the 1960s and 1970s, as well by reverse abnormal sex ratios currently observed in Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Michel Garenne reports that many African nations have, over decades, witnessed birth sex ratios below 100, that is more girls are born than boys. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human sex ratios, either at birth or in the population as a whole, are reported in any of four ways: the ratio of males to females, the ratio of females to males, the proportion of males, or the proportion of females. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] In the United States, the sex ratios at birth over the period 1970-2002 were 1.05 for the white non-Hispanic population, 1.04 for Mexican Americans, 1.03 for African Americans and Indians, and 1.07 for mothers of Chinese or Filipino ethnicity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even in the absence of sex selection practices, a range of "normal" sex ratios at birth of between 103 and 108 boys per 100 girls has been observed in different economically developed countries, and among different ethnic and racial groups within a given country. (wikipedia.org)
  • differentially
  • This work has the potential to transform the way cancer is researched by placing increased focus on the sex of model systems used, as well as to greatly influence the application of targeted therapies which may be differentially effective between the sexes. (gc.ca)
  • Other transcription factors differentially regulate the expression of various genes by binding to enhancer regions of DNA adjacent to regulated genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • populations
  • The protein encoded by this gene is a polypeptide hormone and neurotrophic factor whose actions have mainly been studied in the nervous system where it promotes neurotransmitter synthesis and neurite outgrowth in certain neural populations including astrocytes. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetic
  • Various atopic manifestations among adults have been shown to be influenced mainly by genetic factors. (ehesp.fr)
  • In a study of 1480 Swedish twin pairs, 7-9 years old, we examined the importance of genetic and environmental factors in asthma, hay fever, eczema, and urticaria. (ehesp.fr)
  • In molecular biology, a transcription factor (TF) (or sequence-specific DNA-binding factor) is a protein that controls the rate of transcription of genetic information from DNA to messenger RNA, by binding to a specific DNA sequence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the cause of SS is unknown, it is believed to be under the influence of a combination of genetic, environmental, and several other factors, as is the case with many other autoimmune disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • However, we have very little understanding of why women age more slowly, nor what this means for treating patients in a sex-appropriate way as they age. (gc.ca)
  • When the gender ratio was favorable (one's own gender was in the minority), both men and women adopted more traditional sexual roles with women less interested in casual sex than men, according to the study findings. (eurekalert.org)
  • If there were more men than women, men tended to place less importance on casual sex and be more open to long-term commitment. (eurekalert.org)
  • In another experiment with 177 university students (73 women, 104 men), both men and women were more willing to deliver painful sound blasts to attractive same-sex competitors when the gender ratio was unfavorable. (eurekalert.org)
  • Men and women also differ in energy metabolism, lung function and other factors during exercise. (nbcnews.com)
  • This paucity of women was due to many factors, including the lack of women's suffrage in many states until ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, women's limited access to higher education until the mid-1900s, public perceptions of gender roles, and barriers to women's advancement such as sex discrimination, which still plays a factor in their limited numbers today. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Sen, the high birth sex ratio over decades, implies a female shortfall of 11% in Asia, or over 100 million women as missing from the 3 billion combined population of South Asia, West Asia, North Africa and China. (wikipedia.org)
  • The female erotic plasticity hypothesis states that women have higher erotic plasticity than men, and therefore their sex drives are more socially flexible and responsive than those of men (factors such as religion, culture and education have a greater effect on women's sexual behaviors). (wikipedia.org)
  • A multinational study by Lippa (2009) found that women are more variable in their sex drives, suggesting that their sexuality is more malleable and influenced by society than men's. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another study showed that South Korean women had a higher median age of first intercourse, lower rates of premarital sex, and greater disapproval of premarital sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • One possible explanation is that higher levels of spirituality and religiosity are associated with higher levels of sex guilt in women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Religious Euro-Canadian women reported significantly higher levels of sexual desire and less sex guilt than Eastern Asian women. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the factors that put women most at risk is sexual violence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, sexual relations between older men and younger women during transactional sex possibly explain why more teenage girls than boys are HIV-positive in the Caribbean. (wikipedia.org)
  • evolution
  • Social foraging, the way in which animals search and compete for food in groups, is an extremely important context for interactions between individuals, and it is considered a primary contributing factor to the evolution of sociality ( 18 , 19 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • high
  • Someone has "high erotic plasticity" when their sex drives can be affected by situational, social and cultural influences, whereas someone with "low erotic plasticity" has a sex drive that is relatively rigid and unsusceptible to change. (wikipedia.org)
  • Played by Robia LaMorte, Jenny is the computer teacher at Sunnydale High School. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • Shared environmental effects were also important for hay fever and urticaria in both sexes and for eczema among girls. (ehesp.fr)
  • study
  • In the present study we evaluated the metabolic profile, including serum ghrelin, leptin and adiponectin levels, in normal weight, overweight and obese school children and we analyzed the potential changes in anthropometric and metabolic risk factors after a 1-year lifestyle intervention program. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The main determining factor was predation, which accounted for 79 percent of juvenile catbird deaths within the team's three suburban study sites. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Another study showed that female, but not male, Hispanic immigrants to the United States were less likely to engage in vaginal, oral, and anal sex than Hispanics who had been born and raised in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study on older unmarried adults found that those who were highly religious were less likely to have recently had sex compared to non-religious unmarried adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • genes
  • Genes, environments, and sex : factors of importance in atopic diseases in 7-9-year-old Swedish twins. (ehesp.fr)
  • Therefore, approximately 10% of genes in the genome code for transcription factors, which makes this family the single largest family of human proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, genes are often flanked by several binding sites for distinct transcription factors, and efficient expression of each of these genes requires the cooperative action of several different transcription factors (see, for example, hepatocyte nuclear factors). (wikipedia.org)
  • Transcription factors bind to either enhancer or promoter regions of DNA adjacent to the genes that they regulate. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2017
  • In April 2017, MTV announced that it would be reviving Fear Factor a second time for 12-episode season. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first season of MTV's Fear Factor premiered on May 30, 2017 and concluded on August 22, 2017. (wikipedia.org)
  • findings
  • And one day, researchers say, their findings may pave the way to sex-specific training regimens for athletes and recreational exercisers as well. (nbcnews.com)
  • sexual
  • Condom use was unaffected by whether or not the person was an immigrant, suggesting that upbringing and acculturation had a significant impact on engaging in sexual activity and not on how they would protect themselves during sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • environmental factors
  • Every person's individual timetable for puberty is influenced primarily by heredity , although environmental factors, such as diet and exercise, also exert some influences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Every person's individual timetable for puberty is influenced primarily by heredity, although environmental factors, such as diet and exercise, also exert some influences. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was this combination of environmental factors that may have contributed to the greatest pandemic of recent times, and, moreover, similar conditions exist throughout Southeast Asia today. (medsci.org)
  • boys
  • It is the stage of life characterized by the appearance and development of secondary sex characteristics (for example, a deeper voice and larger adam's apple in boys, and development of breasts and more curved and prominent hips in girls) and a strong shift in hormonal balance towards an adult state. (wikipedia.org)
  • they assume that birth sex ratio-the overall ratio of boys and girls at birth for a regional population, is an indicator of sex-selective abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies and reports that discuss sex-selective abortion are based on the assumption that birth sex ratio-the overall ratio of boys and girls at birth for a regional population, is an indicator of sex-selective abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • One school of scholars suggest that any birth sex ratio of boys to girls that is outside of the normal 105-107 range, necessarily implies sex-selective abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • His other stage productions include Single Sex for the Queen's Theatre in Hornchurch, Perfect Partners for the Bristol Old Vic and his comedy, Girls' Night Out, a hugely successful play which toured for three years and had a ten-week run in the West End in 1998. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • Muennig said that researchers suspect that the strain of income inequality in the United States - and the stress that this causes - could be a major contributing factor to the uptick, but it has been hard to prove beyond one thread of research that studies how earned-income tax credits can help improve the health of people with low incomes. (allgov.com)
  • There are approximately 2600 proteins in the human genome that contain DNA-binding domains, and most of these are presumed to function as transcription factors, though other studies indicate it to be a smaller number. (wikipedia.org)
  • selection
  • This school of scholars support their alternate hypothesis with historical data when modern sex-selection technologies were unavailable, as well as birth sex ratio in sub-regions, and various ethnic groups of developed economies. (wikipedia.org)
  • less
  • One group was shown a picture of an attractive competitor who was described as an outgoing, sociable student, while the other group saw a photo of a less attractive competitor who didn't go out much and played a lot of video games. (eurekalert.org)
  • Girls
  • Peaches performed guest vocals on Pink's album Try This, on the song "Oh My God", on the Chicks on Speed album 99 Cents, on the song "We Don't Play Guitars", on Christina Aguilera's 2010 album Bionic, on the song "My Girls" (which was produced and co-written with Le Tigre) and recently on Major Lazer's 2013 album Free the Universe on the song "Scare Me" featuring Timberlee. (wikipedia.org)
  • coding region
  • Cotranscription from the two loci results in a transcript that contains a complete coding region for the zinc finger protein but lacks a complete coding region for ciliary neurotrophic factor. (wikipedia.org)
  • weight
  • assuming her caloric count is accurate, that there are other factors preventing her expected weight loss. (metabolism.com)
  • The causes of obesity are multifactorial but the main factor contributing to excessive weight gain in children should be the imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. (biomedcentral.com)
  • disease
  • But this time, researchers can't identify a single problem driving the drop, and are instead pointing to a number of factors, from heart disease to suicides, that have caused a greater number of deaths. (allgov.com)
  • A mutation in this gene, which results in aberrant splicing, leads to ciliary neurotrophic factor deficiency, but this phenotype is not causally related to neurologic disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • natural
  • Other scholars question whether birth sex ratio outside 103-107 can be due to natural reasons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gender imbalance may arise as a consequence of various factors including natural factors, exposure to pesticides and environmental contaminants, war casualties, gender-selective abortions and infanticides, aging, and deliberate gendercide. (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • He wrote several plays for them including The Beauty Game, The Cheeky Chappie (about the comedian Max Miller), Soapbox and A Marginal Affair. (wikipedia.org)
  • season
  • With Chiller airing reruns of the show every Sunday night, the ratings on Chiller led to Comcast informing Entertainment Weekly in a May 31, 2011 report that Fear Factor would be revived for a new season. (wikipedia.org)
  • although
  • After participants read either the male-prevalent or female-prevalent article from the first experiment, they were told they would be competing on a time-reaction task against a same-sex partner in another room, although there was no real partner and the participants' responses were recorded by the researchers. (eurekalert.org)
  • individuals
  • The factors underlying strategy choice by individuals, and how they influence the global social structure, are, however, largely unclear ( 21 - 25 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • either
  • Depending on the transcription factor, the transcription of the adjacent gene is either up- or down-regulated. (wikipedia.org)
  • The transcription factor can either do this directly or recruit other proteins with this catalytic activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • currently
  • He has a new stage play, The Naked Truth, currently touring the UK for the second time after its successful 13-week tour in Spring 2007. (wikipedia.org)
  • development
  • Hence, the combinatorial use of a subset of the approximately 2000 human transcription factors easily accounts for the unique regulation of each gene in the human genome during development. (wikipedia.org)