• proline
  • Anas MK, Lee MB, Zhou C et al (2008) SIT1 is a betaine/proline transporter that is activated in mouse eggs after fertilization and functions until the 2-cell stage. (springer.com)
  • neurotransmitter
  • Plasma membrane neurotransmitter transporters fall into two structurally and mechanistically distinct families. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • The majority of the transporters constitute an extensive family of homologous proteins that derive energy from the co-transport of Na + and Cl - , in order to transport neurotransmitter molecules into the cell against their concentration gradient. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Liver
  • Abdelmalek MF, Sanderson SO, Angulo P et al (2009) Betaine for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: results of a randomized placebo-controlled trial. (springer.com)
  • Lipid
  • In this pilot study we determined if krill oil could favourable affect plasma lipid parameters and parameters involved in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • high
  • Both Exophiala species showed remarkable tolerance to heat, high salt concentrations, aggressive detergents, and to both acid and alkaline water. (qualitycounts.com)
  • Cholesterol is mostly transported in plasma by specific cholesterol-rich lipoproteins as low-density lipoproteins (LDL) or high-density lipoproteins (HDL). (biomedcentral.com)
  • High affinity transport proteins found in the plasma membrane of presynaptic nerve terminals and glial cells are responsible for the removal from the extracellular space of released-transmitters, thereby terminating their actions [ PMID: 15336049 ]. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • A body odor will occur even on a normal diet - i.e., one that is not particularly high in choline. (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • He serves as the principal investigator on multiple federally funded research projects that focus on human requirements for choline and the effects of this nutrient on brain development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phase
  • Choline hydroxide is one of the class of phase transfer catalysts that are used to carry the hydroxide ion into organic systems, and, therefore, is considered a strong base. (wikipedia.org)
  • acid
  • No significant group differences were found for vitamin B-12, retinol, linoleic acid (LA), alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), or ratios of betaine to choline and LA to ALA. (rti.org)
  • They are structurally distinct from the second more-restricted family of plasma membrane transporters, which are responsible for excitatory amino acid transport. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • In the group that fed low concentrations of omega-3 fatty acid and omega-6 fatty acid, their kittens had extremely low amounts of DHA in these tissues which shows that young felines, have poor biosynthetic ability to produce these fatty acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recommended arachidonic acid concentrations have not been yet determined for cats in present-day but minimum requirements have been established. (wikipedia.org)
  • composition
  • Therefore, the gut microbiome and its interaction with the host influences many aspects of health and disease, including the composition of biofluids such as urine and blood plasma. (ahajournals.org)
  • Nutrition
  • The Australian and New Zealand national nutrition bodies note that while deficiency has been seen during experiments, there have been no reports of choline deficiency in the general population. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • Plasma choline has been determined in several small human studies ( 2 ). (aaccjnls.org)
  • It has been determined under experiment that it is best used at a final concentration of 1 M. Laboratory studies and two clinical trials have indicated that TMG is a potential treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • Adeyemo O, Jeyakumar H (1993) Plasma progesterone, estradiol-17 beta and testosterone in maternal and cord blood, and maternal human chorionic gonadotropin at parturition. (springer.com)