• Africa and India
  • This makes it one of only two species of Commelina which occur in northeastern tropical Africa and India, but not on the intermediate Arabian Peninsula. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1975). His hybridisation of a number of cytological types within Cyclosorus parasiticus complex (Panigrahi & Manton, 1958), Asplenium aethiopicum complex (Panigrahi, 1963), Aleuritipteris farinosa complex (Panigrahi, 1962) and Dryopteris villarii complex (Panigrahi, 1965), yielded significant new data to view the taxonomy of these taxa in new light and also to postulate the origin and migration of flora between Africa and India. (wikipedia.org)
  • medicinal
  • Red Java tea a medicinal plant native to India. (blogspot.com)
  • The Gandhamardan Hill range (of Baragarh and Balangir districts) of Orissa is a treasure house of medicinal plants Gandhamardan - A treasure House of Medical Plants: Gandhamardana has always attracted scientists interested in the study of plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Later on renowned Oriya Botanist and Scientist of the Botanical Survey of India Dr.Gopinath Panigrahi (1963) published researchpaper on 125 species of precious medicinal plantsavailable in the Gandhamardan. (wikipedia.org)
  • Realizing the rich potentiality of the area for containing more varieties of medicinal plants,Dr. Gopinath Panighrhi re-visited the place once again in 1964 along with a group of his associates who collected 300 varieties of species and herbs available in this area and prepared a catalogue on the basis of it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Checklist
  • 2012). Checklist of vascular plants of Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge, and Tinajas Altas, Arizona. (wikipedia.org)
  • defense
  • Raphides seem to be a defense mechanism against plant predators, as they are likely to tear and harm the soft tissues of the throat or esophagus of a plant predator chewing on the plant's leaves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Elicitors are compounds, which activate chemical defense in plants. (hindawi.com)
  • Plants can activate separate defense pathways depending on the type of pathogen encountered [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The better understanding of plant signalling pathways has led to the discovery of natural and synthetic compounds called elicitors that induce similar defense responses in plants as induced by the pathogen infection [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • In plants, a complex array of defense response is induced after detection of microorganism via recognition of elicitor molecules released during plant-pathogen interaction. (hindawi.com)
  • Following elicitor perception, the activation of signal transduction pathways generally lead to the production of active oxygen species (AOS), phytoalexin biosynthesis, reinforcement of plant cell wall associated with phenyl propanoid compounds, deposition of callose, synthesis of defense enzymes, and the accumulation of pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins, some of which possess antimicrobial properties [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • flowers
  • All flowers identified with help from Flowers of India and SGNP flickr group . (blogspot.com)
  • In the Results section on the third line after the Flower Trait variation subtitle, the sentence "there were 760 brevistylus, flowers (from 38 plants) and 740 longistylus flowers (from 37 plants)" should be "there were 760 longistylus, flowers (from 38 plants) and 740 brevistylus flowers (from 37 plants). (peerj.com)
  • Half of the plants had longistylus and half had brevistylus flowers. (peerj.com)
  • Their development seems to be largely governed by the conditions to which the plants are exposed, for during certain seasons or in certain localities only cleistogamic or only perfect flowers are produced. (online-literature.com)
  • The flowers of some aquatic and marsh plants, for instance of Ranunculus aquatalis, Alisma natans, Subularia, Illecebrum, Menyanthes, and Euryale, remain closely shut as long as they are submerged, and in this condition fertilise themselves. (online-literature.com)
  • Along with the fruit from a plant or tree, we can often eat the leaves (lettuce,) stems (celery,) roots (carrots,) and flowers (broccoli. (blogspot.com)
  • southeastern
  • It was introduced to South Carolina via the port of Charleston in or around 1696 when rice was first brought to the colonies from India, whence it spread across much of the southeastern United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the southeastern United States the plant was collected in the 1928, while it was first collected in Hawaii in 1909. (wikipedia.org)
  • leaves
  • The people of Nepal eat the young leaves as a vegetable, use a paste derived from the plant to treat burns, and treat indigestion with a juice produced from the roots. (wikipedia.org)
  • RTBV causes stunting and yellow-orange discoloration on leaves of infected rice plants, symptoms that are enhanced by co-infection with RTSV (Fig 1B). (apsnet.org)
  • largely
  • The species has been largely confused in floras, often being misinterpreted as Commelina imberbis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disease control is largely based on the use of fungicides, bactericides, and insecticides-chemical compounds toxic to plant invaders, causative agents, or vectors of plant diseases. (hindawi.com)
  • thus
  • that requires an acidic environment or chemical solvents like ether, but heating raphide containing plant materials (like tubers) can fix the raphides into a dried starchy matrix so they are no longer mobile and thus less harmful. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, considerable efforts have been accomplished to devise environmental-friendly strategies for the check of plant diseases and thus to save mankind from health hazard [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • name
  • European settlers also ate the plant to prevent scurvy, giving rise the common name of scurvy grass. (wikipedia.org)
  • biotic
  • Plants are challenged by a variety of biotic stresses like fungal, bacterial, or viral infections. (hindawi.com)
  • Typically
  • Typically ingestion of plants containing raphides, like those common in certain houseplants, can cause immediate numbing followed shortly by painful edema, vesicle formation and dysphagia accompanied by painful stinging and burning to the mouth and throat with symptoms occurring for up to two weeks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many of these other parts of the plant are typically referred to as VEGETABLES. (blogspot.com)
  • responses
  • The structure and orientation of guard cells in plants showing stomatal responses to changing vapour pressure differences. (springer.com)
  • often
  • Control of inoculum sources by rogueing infected plants, introducing fallow periods with no adjacent rice to reduce leafhopper populations, and control of leafhoppers by insecticide treatment can all be effective in reducing RTD, but are often impractical (5). (apsnet.org)
  • Resistance in plant species is often divided into host- or nonhost-specific resistance. (hindawi.com)
  • compounds
  • The findings will help local people identify which plants to recommend and may lead to potential new compounds for pharmaceutical use. (news-medical.net)
  • Work is now under way isolate and purify the active compounds present in the plant. (news-medical.net)
  • study
  • The species is very similar to Commelina paludosa, and further study is needed to recognize the boundary between the two. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study aimed to evaluate the herbicidal activity of picloram on the biomass of the remediation plants Eleusine coracana and Panicum maximum after cultivation in a soil contaminated with this herbicide. (worldwidescience.org)
  • rice
  • It was most likely introduced to South Carolina in the late 17th century along with rice seed from India. (wikipedia.org)
  • RTSV is one of two viruses that cause rice tungro disease in coinfected plants. (apsnet.org)
  • B ) Rice plants infected with RTSV and RTBV (left), RTBV alone (center left), RTSV alone (center right), and healthy (right). (apsnet.org)
  • leaf
  • The curry-leaf tree (Murraya koenigii) from India, is one of the traditional Indian plants with reputed benefit in diabetes. (news-medical.net)
  • Overwhelming scientific evidence from research conducted at top medical institutions in the United States, India, France, and throughout Asia, prove that the Mulberry Leaf is one of the most powerful natural herbal supplements, and it can no longer be ignored as a potent solution to many health issues. (pe-factory.com)
  • portions
  • In Japan the plant is restricted to the southern portions of the country from the southern Kanto Region westward and including the islands of Shikoku and Kyūshū. (wikipedia.org)
  • soil
  • Aminopyralid sorption data are lacking, and these data are needed to predict off-target transport and plant available herbicide in soil solution. (worldwidescience.org)
  • several
  • Katie Bawden-Tucknott and colleagues have been investigating several of these plants and, they say, the data clearly shows the plant to have potential antidiabetic activity. (news-medical.net)
  • help
  • It has also been suggested that in some cases raphides may help form plant skeletal structure. (wikipedia.org)