• subtalar joint
  • The subtalar joint (STJ) arthrodesis is a well-documented procedure in elective reconstructive hindfoot surgery, for pain relief in cases of subtalar joint arthrosis and occasionally in the treatment of highly comminuted traumatic fractures. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • One can access the subtalar joint from either the traditional lateral approach over the sinus tarsi or from a medial approach between the posterior tibial and flexor digitorum longus tendons. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • One can readily view the inferior aspect of the talar head and follow the plantar joint line posterior to the middle facet of the subtalar joint. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • In regard to the anterior to posterior subtalar joint screw placement (aka the "top-down approach"), this technique is generally easier if the patient is supine and there is one surgeon who does not need lifting help for the leg. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • When it comes to the posterior to anterior subtalar joint screw placement (aka the "bottom-up approach"), one can generally perform this technique with the patient either in a lateral or supine position. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • Diagnosis
  • Another contributing factor is that most orthopedic surgeons have been taught the "too-many toes" sign as an easy way to diagnose a posterior tibial tendon deficient foot.1 The "peek-a-boo" sign is a similar easily performed test that diagnosis the cavus foot.2 This is a more recent discovery and is often not taught while in orthopedic training. (spotidoc.com)
  • Diagnosis Observe forefoot to hindfoot alignment. (hatenablog.com)
  • The location of pain, shape of the foot, flexibility of the hindfoot joints and gait all may help your physician make the diagnosis and also assess how advanced the problem is. (hatenablog.com)
  • fascia
  • The plantar fascia acts like a bowstring and supports the arch and several muscles inside the foot. (hatenablog.com)
  • When there is increased stress on the arch, microscopic tears can occur within the plantar fascia, usually at its attachment on the heel. (hatenablog.com)
  • The aim of an operation is to release part of the plantar fascia from the heel bone and reduce the tension in it. (hatenablog.com)
  • anterior
  • The iliohypogastric nerve traverses the psoas major, piercing the lateral border of the muscle anterior to the quadratus lumborum and posterior to the kidney to traverse the lateral abdominal wall. (medscape.com)
  • osteotomies
  • In general, early stage disease may be treated with tendon and ligament (soft-tissue) procedures with the addition of osteotomies to realign the foot. (hatenablog.com)
  • symptomatic
  • Many patients initially present in stage II, as the ligament failure can occur at the same time as the tendon failure and therefore deformity can already be occurring as the tendon is becoming symptomatic. (wordpress.com)
  • nerve
  • [ 6 ] interdigital neuroma, Morton metatarsalgia, or interdigital nerve compression-results from entrapment of a plantar interdigital nerve as it passes under the transverse metatarsal ligament. (medscape.com)
  • foot
  • The hindfoot is the back of the foot. (adam.com)
  • Pain originating here can extend from the heel, across the sole (known as the plantar surface), to the middle of the foot (base of the metatarsal bones). (adam.com)
  • Procedures may include ligament and muscle lengthening, removal of the inflamed tendon lining, tendon transfers, cutting and realigning bones , placement of implants to realign the foot and joint fusions. (hatenablog.com)
  • The main function of this tendon is to hold up the arch and support your foot when you walk. (wordpress.com)
  • In some cases, a new cast or boot will be worn to stabilize the particular foot and furthermore to provide the tendon time as well as energy to heal. (hatenablog.com)
  • Torn or stretched tendons (resulting from foot injuries or foot strains). (soup.io)
  • At this stage, the foot?s still going to be flexible, although it will likely have flattened somewhat due to the lack of support from the posterior tibial tendon. (hatenablog.com)
  • Over-the-counter insoles only provide cushion and padding to the arch, whereas custom orthotics are fabricated to specifically fit the patient?s foot and provide support in the arch where the posterior tibial tendon is unable to anymore. (hatenablog.com)
  • fibula
  • After IOL/TL release, a significant increase in posterior translation of the fibula was observed, although no syndesmotic widening was observed. (stanford.edu)