• Rhizome
  • Pseudostem - a false stem made of the rolled bases of leaves, which may be 2 or 3 m tall as in banana Rhizome - a horizontal underground stem that functions mainly in reproduction but also in storage, e.g. most ferns, iris Runner (plant part) - a type of stolon, horizontally growing on top of the ground and rooting at the nodes, aids in reproduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ginger root The edible portion is a branched underground compressed stem also referred to as a rhizome. (wikipedia.org)
  • genus
  • Scheuchzeria palustris (Rannoch-rush, or pod grass), is a flowering plant, the only species in the genus Scheuchzeria, itself the only genus in the family Scheuchzeriaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mucilaginibacter auburnensis is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped and non-spore-forming bacterium from the genus of Mucilaginibacter which has been isolated from the stem from a corn plant Zea mays from the field of E. V. Smith Research Center, Plant Breeding Unit facility in Tallassee in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gynerium is a monotypic genus of Neotropical plants in the grass family, native to Mexico, Central America, South America, and the West Indies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bulbs
  • Bulbs are a combination of stem and leaves so may better be considered as leaves because the leaves make up the greater part. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are bulbs which, like garlic and leeks, are modified stems in which the primary storage tissue is expanded leaf bases. (wikipedia.org)
  • seeds
  • Several employees with the Army Corps of Engineers Little Rock District volunteered their weekend time and expertise to plant seeds. (dvidshub.net)
  • In November, Mike Biggs, Daniel Smith, Mark Dixson, and Keith Cook planted seeds of knowledge in the minds of 28 local Cub Scouts with hope of harvesting an interest in science, technology, engineering and mathematics in the future. (dvidshub.net)
  • Humans most commonly eat the seeds (e.g. maize, wheat, coffee and various nuts), fruit (e.g. tomato), leaves (e.g. lettuce, spinach, and cabbage), or roots (e.g. carrots and beets), but humans also eat the stems of many plants (e.g. asparagus). (wikipedia.org)
  • Being one of the first plants to colonise open areas, G. sagittatum is an important pioneer species that reaches new sites via wind-distributed seeds. (wikipedia.org)
  • bark
  • The bark zone, which is the main factor in the unusual height, functions as a water distribution system, transporting water from the underground roots to the superior part of the plant including the leaves. (wikipedia.org)
  • transport water and nutrients
  • Roots provide plants with a mechanical fasthold, and transport water and nutrients from the soil to the rest of the plant. (theguardian.com)
  • In developing and analyzing more than 12,000 mutant specimens, Wang's group identified one that showed developmental defects in the way stem cells differentiated into the two types of tissue that transport water and nutrients inside plants. (uconn.edu)
  • derives
  • The cosmetic industry makes the maximum use of plant stem cell technology and derives important products for skin, hair etc. (sbwire.com)
  • Tuber
  • Tuber - a swollen, underground storage stem adapted for storage and reproduction, e.g. potato. (wikipedia.org)
  • Potato The edible portion is an underground stem that is also a tuber. (wikipedia.org)
  • Herbaceous
  • It is a herbaceous perennial plant, native to cool temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, where it grows in wet Sphagnum peat bogs. (wikipedia.org)
  • cell biology
  • Madelaine Bartlett, biology, and plant genome scientist colleagues elsewhere have received a four-year, $4 million grant from the National Science Foundation ($812,000 to Bartlett) to study the genes that regulate plant stem cell biology and the role they play in yielding more and bigger fruit. (umass.edu)
  • adult
  • but genetic variation is inevitable in the process because the cells consist of somatic undifferentiated cells from an adult subject plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data analysis by the British Trust for Ornithology has shown that fluctuations in the sedge warbler population stem from the adult survival rate, due to changes in rainfall on the birds' wintering grounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • Typical stems are located above ground, but there are modified stems that can be found either above or below ground. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stem cells are found in both plants and animals. (happi.com)
  • Living plant stem cells are not found in beauty products, and even if they were, they would not have the capability to differentiate into specialized human skin cells, plaintiffs assert in a proposed class action against PhytoCellTec user G.M. Collin Company. (happi.com)
  • These fossil plants grew to 30-60 centimetres (1-2ft) & are found mainly among rocks of the Devonian period. (sciencephoto.com)
  • I googled it and found articles like this http://www.livescience.com/20897-living-stem-cells-discovered-human-corpse.html . (thebeautybrains.com)
  • arise
  • Asparagus The edible portion is the rapidly emerging stems that arise from the crowns in the Bamboo The edible portion is the young shoot (culm). (wikipedia.org)
  • Since embryogenic cells were considered totipotent cells based on their ability to regenerate or develop into an embryo under given conditions, dedifferentiated cells were generally regarded as stem cells of plant: "…we propose to extend the concept of stem cells to include embryogenic stem cells that arise from plant somatic cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Instead of waiting for the next thousand years to see what new mutations arise in these genes, we will accelerate evolution in a very controlled and intelligent way to create genetic diversity for use by traditional plant breeders. (umass.edu)
  • swollen
  • Garlic The edible portion is predominantly swollen leaves with a bit of stem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kohlrabi The edible portion is an enlarged (swollen) stem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Leek Similar to other members in the onion family, the edible portion is swollen leaves with a bit of stem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Onion The edible portion is swollen leaves with a bit of stem. (wikipedia.org)
  • describe
  • Stems are often specialized for storage, asexual reproduction, protection or photosynthesis, including the following: Acaulescent - used to describe stems in plants that appear to be stemless. (wikipedia.org)
  • soil
  • In most plants stems are located above the soil surface but some plants have underground stems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of all these characteristics, the vetiver plant is highly drought-tolerant and can help to protect soil against sheet erosion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The plant helps to stabilise soil and protects it against erosion, but it can also protect fields against pests and weeds. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Vetiver system, a technology of soil conservation and water quality management, is based on the use of the vetiver plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • differentiate
  • However, recent studies have indicated that (pro)cambium also serves as a niche for plant stem cells: "Procambium cells fulfill the criteria for being stem cells since they have the capacity for long-term self renewal and being able to differentiate into one or more specialized cell types. (wikipedia.org)
  • cosmetic
  • Stem cells are trendy in cosmetic procedures. (happi.com)
  • Primarily, botanical stem cells are used in cosmetic products in order to avoid the sourcing and extracting controversies associated with animal- and human-derived stem cells. (happi.com)
  • Evidence that plant stem cells in cosmetic products translate to an improved appearance is tenuous at best, according to Tyler Holling M.D., Stamford Medical Center. (happi.com)
  • Also there should be cosmetic testing for stem cells to see if it can induce Graft-versus- host disease (GVHD) http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001309.htm for product derived from human cells now and in the future. (thebeautybrains.com)
  • Plant stem cell cultures with its positive results for use in cosmetic industry have presented a wide array of opportunities for skin care and hair care treatments that are contaminant free and use biosustainable products. (sbwire.com)
  • flowers
  • Scape - a stem that holds flowers that comes out of the ground and has no normal leaves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Choosing plants producing flowers on long, strong stems makes cutting and arranging fresh white flowers a pleasant task. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Clusters of full, double flowers form on long stems, providing a vase full of flowers from one stem. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Sally Holmes produces clusters of single flowers on long cutting stems. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Oriental lilies are fragrant flowers on long stems. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The Darwin hybrids were developed for large flowers, strong stems and reliable return. (ehow.co.uk)
  • water
  • Around 450 million years ago when plants first started to move out of the ocean onto land, they had to find a way to retain water, to reach light from above, to transfer mineral nutrients upwards against gravity and, for fear of falling over, to retain structural integrity in their cell wall. (uconn.edu)
  • Under clear water, the plant can survive up to two months. (wikipedia.org)
  • nutrients
  • The plant stem cell market for cosmetics is growing at a CAGR of 15.9% and expected to exceed $4.8 billion by 2022, according to Credence Research, San Jose, CA. The key players in this market are L'Oréal, Estée Lauder, My Chelle Dermaceuticals, Juice Beauty and Intelligent Nutrients.1 Several years back, stem cells were the marquee ingredients in the flourishing US anti-aging market. (happi.com)
  • And maybe, putting genetically stem cells in a night cream deprived of oxygen, (pump action, air tight sealed, and darkened) and encapsulating them purposefully to deprive them of the nutrients they need, will force them into a dormant state. (thebeautybrains.com)
  • potato
  • Many of these also require preparation (as do many domestic plants, such as the potato), so it is wise to read up on the plant before experimenting with eating it. (wikipedia.org)
  • efficacy
  • In this column, we will briefly review if plant stem cells have anti-aging efficacy when they are formulated into topical products. (happi.com)
  • IRB's reproducible product composition profile, in combination with Sederma's performance testing and claims validation, will guarantee efficacy previously unknown in plant extract technology. (gcimagazine.com)
  • Actually
  • The fig "fruit" is actually an inverted flower with both the male and female flower parts enclosed inside stem tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Random and gross {WARNING} question- So, you mean, those crazy women who eat their umbilical chords and placenta post giving birth, are actually getting a huge dose of stem cells to repair the damage of child birth, and it's nooot such a absolutely insane idea, at least in theory? (thebeautybrains.com)
  • The plant stem actually physically moves," Fowler-Finn said. (stlpublicradio.org)
  • characteristics
  • Due to this structural characteristic, once physical force is applied to it, it is easily damaged in the very process of isolation, losing its stem cell characteristics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite 160 years of biological effort to isolate and retrieve plant stem cells, none succeeded in the isolation due to the distinct structural characteristics of plant stem cell: "[t]he cambium consists of a few layers of narrow elongated, thin-walled cells, easily damaged during sampling. (wikipedia.org)
  • corn
  • The research collaboration, which will focus on tomatoes, corn and the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana , is led by principal investigator David Jackson of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, N.Y. Others on the team are colleague Zachary Lippman at Cold Spring, Bartlett and Zachary Nimchuk of the University of North Carolina. (umass.edu)
  • cultivation
  • Though many plants are cultivated by industries, for research purposes, however due to limited knowledge for the extraction processes and improper cultivation methods, the whole setup becomes economically unsustainable. (sbwire.com)
  • In Brazil, the lower and middle parts are used in cheap or improvised fences, and in cheap trellises for climbing plants and cultivation of tomato. (wikipedia.org)
  • long
  • Pope John Paul II is very fragrant with pure-white blossoms borne singly on long stems. (ehow.co.uk)
  • It may reach two metres in height as a shrub, but it can climb with stems to ten metres long. (wikipedia.org)