• pathogens
  • Biologic invasions can have important ecological, economic and social consequences, particularly when they involve the introduction and spread of plant invasive pathogens, as they can threaten natural ecosystems and jeopardize the production of human food. (wiley.com)
  • Type
  • plants expressing either HopAO1 or HopF2, two type III effectors that suppressed the HopA1-induced HR, were reduced in the flagellin-induced PTI response as well as PTI induced by other PAMPs and allowed enhanced in planta growth of P. syringae . (apsnet.org)
  • Collectively, our results suggest that the majority of DC3000 type III effectors can suppress plant immunity. (apsnet.org)