• treatments
  • The role that placebos play in many treatments is clear: they not only play a complimentary role in various treatment options but they can sometimes be the only beneficial option for treatment. (alibris.com)
  • Although the reasons that we respond to placebos are not completely understood, medical researchers universally accept the importance of considering them when studying new treatments. (whole-dog-journal.com)
  • Effect
  • Most people are familiar with the concept of a "placebo effect," the perception that a subject's health improved after the subject unknowingly received an inert treatment that should have had no effect on the subject whatsoever. (whole-dog-journal.com)
  • The highest level of placebo effect is seen with diseases that have subjective symptoms that are patient-reported, difficult to measure directly, tend to fluctuate in severity, and occur over long periods (i.e., are chronic). (whole-dog-journal.com)
  • Can a placebo effect occur with dogs? (whole-dog-journal.com)
  • However, in cases where owners or caregivers are required to observe and report symptoms and changes in health regarding the dog's response to a given treatment, a different type of placebo effect may occur - a "caregiver placebo effect. (whole-dog-journal.com)
  • As with human maladies, the conditions for which this type of placebo effect has been described in dogs are those that involve subjective measures of health (pain, activity level, appetite) and that have a tendency to fluctuate in severity. (whole-dog-journal.com)
  • But when the treatment is aimed at something like pain - something that can't be easily measured with medical tests - our vulnerability to the placebo effect arises again, as recorders and reporters of our dogs' health and symptoms. (whole-dog-journal.com)
  • Let's look at two situations where the caregiver placebo effect in dogs has been well observed: osteoarthritis and epilepsy. (whole-dog-journal.com)
  • average
  • difference=0.14, 95% CI: -0.59 to 0.88, p=0.70, or average oxycodone tablet consumption (placebo 0.7 vs P150 1.0, difference=0.26, 95% CI: -1.86 to 1.35, p=0.72) postoperatively. (omicsonline.org)
  • In medical research, an average placebo response rate of 35 percent is reported, with rates as high as 90 percent for some health conditions. (whole-dog-journal.com)