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  • molecular
  • Accepting the molecular phylogeny gives two possible classifications: (1) two genera: blue marlin + sailfish (as Istiophorus ) and all the rest (as Tetrapturus ), or (2) five genera: blue marlin ( Makaira ), sailfish ( Istiophorus ), black marlin ( Istiompax ), striped and white marlin ( Kajikia ), and four spearfishes ( Tetrapturus ). (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Animal phylogeny is undergoing a major revolution due to the availability of an exponentially increasing amount of molecular data and the application of novel methods of phylogenetic reconstruction, as well as the many spectacular advances in palaeontology and molecular developmental biology. (platekompaniet.no)
  • Genetics
  • One of several programs available for analysis and creation of phylogenetic trees Another such program for phylogenetic tree analysis Additional program for tree analysis A paper detailing an example of how perfect phylogeny can be utilized outside of the field of genetics, as in language association Fernandez-Baca, David. (wikipedia.org)
  • closely
  • Therefore, it is often the case that researchers are forced to compromise by developing trees that simply try to minimize homoplasy, finding a maximum-cardinality set of compatible characters, or constructing phylogenies that match as closely as possible to the partitions implied by the characters. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data
  • To address this, we are estimating the phylogeny of the genus using a diverse array of data sets, including mtDNA, ncDNA. (uidaho.edu)
  • It is rare that actual data adheres to the concept of perfect phylogeny. (wikipedia.org)
  • By utilizing algorithms derived from perfect phylogeny data we are able to attempt to reconstruct a phylogenetic tree in spite of these limitations. (wikipedia.org)
  • By utilizing the concepts and algorithms described in perfect phylogeny one can determine information regarding missing and unavailable haplotype data. (wikipedia.org)
  • By assuming that the set of haplotypes that result from genotype mapping corresponds and adheres to the concept of perfect phylogeny (as well as other assumptions such as perfect Mendelian inheritance and the fact that there is only one mutation per SNP), one is able to infer missing haplotype data. (wikipedia.org)
  • To resolve a well-supported eumalacostracan phylogeny and obtain a robust tree, it will be necessary to look beyond the most commonly utilized sources of data (nuclear ribosomal and mitochondrial sequences). (wikipedia.org)
  • volume
  • Using case studies from many different taxa and regions of the world, the volume evaluates how useful phylogeny is in understanding the processes that have generated today's diversity and the processes that now threaten it. (cambridge.org)
  • The novelty of many of the applications, the increasing ease with which phylogenies can be generated, the urgency with which conservation decisions have to be made and the need to make decisions that are as good as possible together make this volume a timely and important synthesis which will be of great value to researchers, practitioners and policy-makers alike. (cambridge.org)
  • known
  • In half to one page, interpret whether the phylogeny makes sense in terms of the known chronological dates of publication of the different versions. (virginia.edu)
  • represent
  • B). The posterior probability of a tree will indicate the probability of the tree to be correct, being the tree with the highest posterior probability the one chosen to represent best a phylogeny. (wikipedia.org)