• enough phenol
  • Interesting, we distill enough phenol for over 6 months (eg. (bio.net)
  • By the time the plot was discontinued, it had succeeded in diverting enough phenol, according to Albert, to make about 4.5 million pounds of explosives. (wikipedia.org)
  • The public pressure soon forced Schweitzer and Edison to end the phenol deal, with the embarrassed Edison subsequently sending his excess phenol to the U.S. military, but by that time the deal had netted the plotters over two million dollars and there was already enough phenol to keep Bayer's aspirin plant running. (wikipedia.org)
  • acid
  • Compared to aliphatic alcohols , phenol is about 1 million times more acidic, although it is still considered a weak acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • The simplest of the class is phenol, which is also called carbolic acid C 6H 5OH. (wikipedia.org)
  • The phenoxide anion has a similar nucleophilicity to free amines, with the further advantage that its conjugate acid (neutral phenol) does not become entirely deactivated as a nucleophile even in moderately acidic conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phenol reacts with dilute nitric acid at room temperature to give a mixture of 2-nitrophenol and 4-nitrophenol while with concentrated nitric acid, more nitro groups get substituted on the ring to give 2,4,6-trinitrophenol which is known as picric acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phenol is easily neutralized by sodium hydroxide forming sodium phenate or phenolate, but being weaker than carbonic acid, it cannot be neutralized by sodium bicarbonate or sodium carbonate to liberate carbon dioxide. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this method, a mixture of TE (or Tris-Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) and phenol is combined with an equal volume of an aqueous DNA sample. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phenol is a useful compound for breaking down superfluous cell materials that would otherwise contaminate the nucleic acid sample. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are two reasons why phenol makes such an effective purifier for nucleic acid samples. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a weak acid with pKa = 8.00 at 20 °C (68 °F). A solution of phenol red is used as a pH indicator, often in cell culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • IUPAC
  • Loss of a hydrogen cation (H + ) from the hydroxyl group of a phenol forms a corresponding negative phenolate ion or phenoxide ion , and the corresponding salts are called phenolates or phenoxides , although the term aryloxides is preferred according to the IUPAC Gold Book . (wikipedia.org)
  • disinfectant
  • One way to compare disinfectants is to compare how well they do against a known disinfectant and rate them accordingly using the Phenol coefficient. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disinfectant to be tested is compared with phenol on a standard microbe (usually Salmonella typhi or Staphylococcus aureus). (wikipedia.org)
  • disinfectants
  • : 104 Some phenols are germicidal and are used in formulating disinfectants. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Chick-Martin test was then widely used until replaced by more suitable tests not reliant on phenol and reflecting the conditions in which modern disinfectants are used. (wikipedia.org)
  • Schweitzer defended his actions, arguing that making medicine and disinfectants was a better use of the phenol than making weapons. (wikipedia.org)
  • soluble
  • Phenol is an organic compound appreciably soluble in water, with about 84.2 g dissolving in 1000 mL (0.895 M ). Homogeneous mixtures of phenol and water at phenol to water mass ratios of ~2.6 and higher are possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phenol-soluble modulins (PSMs) are a family of protein toxins that are soluble in phenols that are produced by staphylococcus bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phenol-soluble modulins and staphylococcal infection" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • mixture
  • Aqueous samples, lysed cells, or homogenised tissue are mixed with equal volumes of a phenol:chloroform mixture. (wikipedia.org)
  • After mixing, the mixture is centrifuged and two distinct phases are formed, because the phenol:chloroform mixture is immiscible with water. (wikipedia.org)
  • compound
  • To calculate phenol coefficient, the concentration of phenol at which the compound kills the test organism in 10 minutes, but not in 5 minutes, is divided by the concentration of the test compound that kills the organism under the same conditions (or, probably more common, dividing the dilution factor at which the tested substance shows activity by the dilution factor at which phenol shows comparable activity). (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • The scientists' main finding was the discovery of three such components (called F-box proteins) that specifically recognize the first key enzyme in the series of phenol synthesis reactions. (redorbit.com)
  • Phenol-chloroform extraction is a liquid-liquid extraction technique in molecular biology used to purify nucleic acids and eliminate proteins and lipids. (wikipedia.org)
  • ingredient
  • In the United States, Phenol may be used as an active ingredient in OTC drug products. (ewg.org)
  • When used as an active drug ingredient, the established name is Phenol. (ewg.org)
  • excess
  • Edison's excess phenol seemed destined for American trinitrophenol production, which would be used to support the British. (wikipedia.org)
  • hydroxy
  • However, phenol's ring is so strongly activated-second only to aniline-that bromination or chlorination of phenol leads to substitution on all carbon atoms ortho and para to the hydroxy group, not only on one carbon. (wikipedia.org)

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  • convert
  • (redorbit.com)
  • High levels of bromine can convert phenol red to bromophenol red (dibromophenolsulfonephthalein, whose lowered pKa results in an indicator with a range shifted in the acidic direction - water at pH 6.8 will appear to test at 7.5). (wikipedia.org)
  • Substance
  • When listed numerically, the figure expressing the disinfecting power of a substance by relating it to the disinfecting power of phenol may be a function of the standardized test performed. (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • The second is that phenol has a density of 1.07 g/cm3, which is higher than the density of water (1.00 g/cm3). (wikipedia.org)
  • Chloroform and phenol mix well together, unlike phenol and water. (wikipedia.org)
  • The density of chloroform is 1.47 g/cm3, higher than that of water and phenol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Being thermosets, hydroxymethyl phenols will crosslink on heating to around 120 °C to form methylene and methyl ether bridges through the elimination of water molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • group
  • Instead of trying to regulate how these enzymes are produced, Liu's group looked at how the enzymes might be manipulated after production to control their ability to make plant phenols. (redorbit.com)
  • In several sources, the structure of phenol red is shown with the sulfur atom being part of a cyclic group, similar to the structure of phenolphthalein. (wikipedia.org)
  • The initial reaction in all cases involves the formation of a hydroxymethyl phenol: HOC6H5 + CH2O → HOC6H4CH2OH The hydroxymethyl group is capable of reacting with either another free ortho or para site, or with another hydroxymethyl group. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Auramine phenol stain is a stain used in clinical microbiology and histology to identify tuberculosis mycobacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • Phenol exerts a marked corrosive action on any tissue of contact when ingested, inhaled or after skin exposure. (inchem.org)
  • Since the color of phenol red can interfere with some spectrophotometric and fluorescent assays, many types of tissue culture media are also available without phenol red. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • There are two types of auramine phenol stains, 1 and 2 to stain mycobacterium species and cryptosporidium respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • characteristic
  • Phenol poisoning can be recognised by the characteristic acrid odour on the breath or it can be detected in the urine, which may be dark coloured. (inchem.org)
  • production
  • Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have identified a new way to regulate the production of phenols, a class of plant products with a wide range of applications for humans. (redorbit.com)
  • The conventional approach takes aim at the regulation of genes that instruct plant cells to make enzymes involved in phenol production. (redorbit.com)
  • Our goal was to understand how this recycling system might be used to control phenol production. (redorbit.com)
  • The Great Phenol Plot was a conspiracy by the German Government during the early years of World War I to divert American-produced phenol away from the manufacture of high explosives that supported the British war effort, to the production of aspirin by the German-owned Bayer company, who could no longer import phenol from Britain. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Other names in common use include phenol hydroxylase, and phenol o-hydroxylase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other names in common use include beta-tyrosinase, and L-tyrosine phenol-lyase (deaminating). (wikipedia.org)
  • Other names in common use include UDPglucosyltransferase, phenol-beta-D-glucosyltransferase, UDP glucosyltransferase, UDP-glucose glucosyltransferase, and uridine diphosphoglucosyltransferase. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Phenol red (also known as phenolsulfonphthalein or PSP) is a pH indicator frequently used in cell biology laboratories. (wikipedia.org)
  • properties
  • For example, the set of molecular tools identified in this study might be used to increase the synthesis of certain phenols that have been shown to exhibit antioxidant properties, which could potentially enhance the health benefits of so-called functional foods. (redorbit.com)
  • form
  • When studied in mass spectrometry, phenols easily form adduct ions with halogens. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phenol exhibits keto-enol tautomerism with its unstable keto tautomer cyclohexadienone, but only a tiny fraction of phenol exists as the keto form. (wikipedia.org)
  • NAME
  • Phenol red, sometimes labelled with a different name, such as "Guardex Solution #2", is used as a pH indicator in home swimming pool test kits. (wikipedia.org)
  • The systematic name of this enzyme class is phenol,NADPH:oxygen oxidoreductase (2-hydroxylating). (wikipedia.org)
  • The systematic name of this enzyme class is S-adenosyl-L-methionine:phenol O-methyltransferase. (wikipedia.org)
  • The systematic name of this enzyme class is UDP-glucose:phenol beta-D-glucosyltransferase. (wikipedia.org)
  • careful
  • Schweitzer sold the remainder of the phenol at a considerable profit, being careful to distribute it to only non-war-related industries. (wikipedia.org)