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  • AIDS
  • 4 Among young gay and bisexual men in Vancouver, the HIV/AIDS epidemic has reduced life expectancy by up to 20 years. (cmaj.ca)
  • Since 1982, when the first cases of AIDS appeared in Canada, 2 early prospective studies involving homosexual men documented significant decreases in HIV incidence and high-risk sexual behaviours over time. (cmaj.ca)
  • 6 , 7 ] Annual HIV incidence rates among homosexual men participating in the Vancouver Lymphadenopathy-AIDS Study decreased steadily, from a peak of 11.5% per year in 1984 to less than 1% per year in 1995 and thereafter. (cmaj.ca)
  • AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, 22 (12). (pitt.edu)
  • To establish with a prospective randomized placebo-controlled study the feasibility of allied-health personnel-administered cognitive behavioral insomnia therapy (CBTI) as a means of improving HIV/AIDS treatment adherence. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • As potent antiretroviral therapy for HIV has decreased AIDS-associated morbidity and mortality, chronic HCV has become a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in this population. (natap.org)
  • Recent national studies demonstrate that oral health is one of the highest unmet health needs for HIV-positive (HIV+) individuals, although it is recognized as playing a less critical role in the medical management of HIV/AIDS. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The present study was conducted to assess the clinical and microbiological spectrum in HIV/AIDS cases with diarrhea and to correlate the occurrence of such pathogens with stool characters, HIV seropositivity status, and CD4 counts. (hindawi.com)
  • At the 2010 International AIDS conference presenters talked about the need for community healthcare providers to understand that if their patients have been in an HIV vaccine trial then their patients are likely to give a false positive HIV test result. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mozambique is a country particularly hard-hit by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to reduce the prevalence of HIV/AIDS within the country, Mozambique has partnered with numerous global organizations to provide its citizens with augmented access to antiretroviral therapy and prevention techniques, such as condom use. (wikipedia.org)
  • A surge toward the treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS in women and children has additionally aided in Mozambique's aim to fulfill its Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). (wikipedia.org)
  • The first governmental response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic occurred in 1988 with the establishment of four sentinel surveys in Maputo, Beira, Chimoio, and Tete to keep track of HIV prevalence within the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yet, since the end of the civil war in 1992, rural areas of Mozambique continue to face repercussions of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, prominently due to the inability of the nation to quickly rehabilitate as a result of inadequate funds allocated towards addressing both educational and healthcare system infrastructural repairs. (wikipedia.org)
  • What's more, women and children are more likely than men to experience a general lack of awareness of the cause, transmission, and ways of prevention of HIV/AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • Populations
  • Because of the small reported numbers of transgender persons in the United States and elsewhere, little effort has been made to create a new demographic category for the purpose of epidemiology (that is, for tracking health conditions, including HIV, in different populations). (thebody.com)
  • clinics
  • Forty-one protease inhibitor-naive subjects with viral loads 10 000 copies/ml newly starting a regimen including nelfinavir, referred from HIV clinics in Philadelphia. (natap.org)
  • According to recent data, from Miami-Dade County, Florida, only 24% of HIV+s served by Ryan White-funded medical clinics had obtained oral health services in the past 12 months. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Intervention
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy of a case management linkage intervention designed to increase utilization of oral health care services among HIV+ individuals enrolled in HIV primary care that have not seen a dental provider in the preceding twelve months. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To address the underutilization of oral health care services, we propose to develop, implement, and evaluate an intervention to assist low-income HIV+s in obtaining access to oral health services as well as increase appropriate utilization of these services. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The case management intervention is adapted from an intervention that had been previously tested in a CDC-funded, multi-site study designed to link recently diagnosed HIV+s to primary medical care. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A two-arm randomized trial among HIV+ individuals who are currently enrolled in HIV primary medical care, but not receiving oral health care, will be conducted to test the intervention. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Cohort
  • Prospective cohort study involving gay and bisexual men aged 18-30 years who had not previously tested HIV positive. (cmaj.ca)
  • 6 However, since cohort members at highest risk tended to become HIV-positive earlier during follow-up rather than later, results from such studies are unlikely to be generalizable to the broader gay and bisexual male population. (cmaj.ca)
  • The Swiss Cohort found that HCV coinfection was associated with HIV progression, whereas the Johns Hopkins Cohort found no such association. (natap.org)
  • subjects
  • Clinical studies of non-HIV-infected subjects have established that synthetic retinoids inhibit the progression of epithelial preneoplastic conditions and some neoplastic states. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Stools from 154 HIV seropositive subjects and 50 HIV negative controls were examined by direct microscopy, fecal cultures, and serological tests ( Clostridium difficile Toxin A, Cryptosporidium antigen, and Entamoeba histolytica antigen ELISA). (hindawi.com)
  • Pathogen isolation rates were more in HIV seropositive cases and subjects with low CD4 T lymphocyte counts. (hindawi.com)
  • Positive Individuals
  • Researchers from Africa, Asia, North America, and South America have said that getting local government and media support of the research is essential in addition to creating facilities for distinguishing between HIV positive individuals and individuals exhibiting VISP. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • Multivariate logistic regression examined the association between willingness to disclose HIV seropositivity to partner (Yes/No) and gender, age, sexual partner number, church attendance, cohabitation status, HIV treatment knowledge, ever tested status and self-reported HIV discrimination. (bmj.com)
  • Moreover, willingness to disclose HIV seropositivity was related to having one or less sexual partner (OR = 1.98, 95% CI = 1.29 - 3.01), non-regular church attendance (OR = 1.55, 95% CI = 1.10 - 2.19), cohabitation (OR = 0.67, 95% CI = 0.47 - 0.97), knowing about HIV treatment (OR = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.32 - 0.80) and having an HIV test (OR = 0.43, 95% CI = 0.26 - 0.63). (bmj.com)
  • HIV could additionally spread through the use of unclean needles and syringes for injections and treatment within Mozambican healthcare settings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment of otherwise healthy people is usually not needed. (wikipedia.org)
  • The administration of a single unit of blood is the standard for hospitalized people who are not bleeding, with this treatment then followed with re-assessment and consideration of symptoms and hemoglobin concentration. (wikipedia.org)
  • hepatitis
  • Nearly 4 million persons in the United States and an estimated 170 million worldwide have been infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). (natap.org)
  • When a person gets a hepatitis B vaccine then the most common test for hepatitis B will show them to be positive. (wikipedia.org)
  • The usual course of action in this case is to give the person a panel of tests for HBsAg, anti-HBc, and anti-HBs (hepatitis B surface antigen, anti-hepatitis B core, and anti-hepatitis B surface). (wikipedia.org)
  • A person who has never been exposed to hepatitis B but has gotten the vaccine will be positive for anti-HBs but negative for the other two tests in the panel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Centers
  • In 2006 the US Centers for Disease Control recommended routine opt-out HIV testing for all adults who seek medical care, including those who visit emergency rooms. (natap.org)
  • risk
  • 8 In the Toronto Sexual Contact Study significant reductions in high-risk behaviours were consistent with declining HIV incidence rates. (cmaj.ca)
  • 3 Furthermore, it cannot be assumed that these earlier observations reflect current trends in HIV incidence and risk behaviours, especially among the younger generation of gay and bisexual men. (cmaj.ca)
  • Transgender persons illuminate the complex interplay of social and biological factors that determine gender identity (an individual's own sense of maleness or femaleness) and contribute to both HIV risk and HIV health. (thebody.com)
  • The George Washington team believes "it is critical for public health issues to determine whether the opt-out population is truly HIV-negative or whether their personal risk is being underestimated. (natap.org)
  • HIV vaccines have been tested continually worldwide since then, but thus far, no one has developed any vaccine which reduces a person's risk of contracting HIV if exposed to that virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Presence of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) may also be tested because of the risk to certain immunocompromised recipients if given, such as those with organ transplant or HIV. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • One may consider transfusion for people with symptoms of cardiovascular disease such as chest pain or shortness of breath. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, a number of earlier descriptions of people with the symptoms exist. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some people may experience only the mild symptoms of dry eyes and mouth, while others have symptoms of severe disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • objective
  • The objective of the study was thus to examine factors associated with willingness to disclose HIV status in a general TCI sample, including self-reported discrimination towards HIV positive persons, which has rarely been examined in relation to disclosure. (bmj.com)
  • However
  • Therapy for HIV in the context of HCV coinfection, however, can be problematic. (natap.org)
  • However, at this time two new studies, the STEP Study in the USA and the RV 144 study in Thailand, greatly increased the number of people who received HIV vaccinations by another 4600 people. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, with time, HIV prevalence within Mozambique began to propagate to such extraordinarily high levels that the government was forced to act in order to save as much of its poor and dying population as possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • characteristics
  • Multilevel models tested associations of place characteristics with HIV testing. (springer.com)
  • Identifying place characteristics associated with testing among PWID can strengthen service allocation and interventions in areas of need to increase access to HIV testing. (springer.com)
  • concern
  • Background Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV) is a major source of concern in the Turks and Caicos Islands (TCI), a small archipelago of islands in the Caribbean region. (bmj.com)
  • VISP is not often a practical concern for other diseases because in most cases good vaccines already exist and most people who have access to healthcare receive them. (wikipedia.org)
  • test
  • The health of the immune system in HIV infected people is currently determined from a blood test measuring the number of cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) T lymphocytes. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • For this, the QuantiFERON® Monitor (QFM or CST007) test is an experimental diagnostic test used in this study to measure the immune function from people infected with HIV. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • As immune function is directly influenced by cells with actively replicating HIV an additional research test called the HIV Reservoir Test will be included to better understand the level of immune function in each study subject. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A portion of the study blood sample collected for the HIVVR test will be banked for future HIV research using the HIVVR test. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Specifically, this future research will involve the HIVVR test for additional cell associated markers relating to HIV pathogenesis including (for example) other markers of activation and senescence, apoptosis (programmed cell death) and chemokine receptors (for HIV tropism). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • These findings may have implications on post HIV test counselling initiatives, which should include a focus on education. (bmj.com)
  • They used the Ora-Quick rapid HIV test to identify positive samples, then confirmed seropositivity by Western blot. (natap.org)
  • Vaccine-induced seropositivity or VISP is the phenomenon wherein a person who has received a vaccine against a disease would thereafter give a positive or reactive test result for having that disease when tested for it, despite not actually having the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • When an HIV-negative person exhibits VISP and gets an HIV-positive result from a test then that person may have difficulty donating blood or negotiating for a life insurance policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • virus
  • Two of 5 HIV-infected Washingtonians did not know they carried the virus in the survey that established a 3% prevalence . (natap.org)
  • They can be spread when an infected person is producing and shedding the virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • HSV-1 and -2 are transmitted by contact with an infected person who has reactivations of the virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genetic
  • While "sex" is commonly used to classify persons as male or female based on their genetic make-up and reproductive organs, "gender" refers to an individual's self-representation and includes the array of social beliefs, norms, customs, and practices that define "masculine" and "feminine" attributes and behavior. (thebody.com)
  • male
  • Gender identity" refers to persons' perceptions of their own gender, including their personal identity as male, female, or some variation. (thebody.com)
  • Although
  • Herpes simplex viruses can affect areas of skin exposed to contact with an infected person (although shaking hands with an infected person does not transmit this disease). (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • End-stage liver disease has become a leading cause of death in HIV-infected persons. (natap.org)
  • Coccidian parasites were the most common cause of diarrhea in HIV seropositive cases. (hindawi.com)
  • estimates
  • The general lack of inclusion of gender-variance variables in health surveys makes collecting true estimates of the transgender population and the transgender HIV positive population that much more difficult. (thebody.com)
  • disease
  • With 1,600,000 Mozambicans (11.5 percent of the population) living with HIV, 990,000 of which are women and children, Mozambique's government realizes that there is much work to be done on the path towards the eradication of this infectious disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • access
  • Persons using assistive technology might not be able to fully access information in this file. (cdc.gov)