• allergens
  • Aside from these ambient allergens, allergic reactions can result from foods, insect stings, and reactions to medications like aspirin and antibiotics such as penicillin. (wikipedia.org)
  • conjunctival
  • Characteristic physical findings include conjunctival swelling and erythema, eyelid swelling, lower eyelid venous stasis (rings under the eyes known as "allergic shiners"), swollen nasal turbinates, and middle ear effusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • eczema
  • Substances that come into contact with the skin, such as latex, are also common causes of allergic reactions, known as contact dermatitis or eczema. (wikipedia.org)
  • ISAAC, the first study of eczema in developing countries has shown that eczema is not only common, but also largely non-allergic and is increasing in prevalence, especially in younger age groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • acute
  • Acute allergic disease 7 accounts for up to 2.7% of all medical consultations seen in general practice, giving an annual rate of 51 per 1000 of the practice population. (bmj.com)
  • prevalence
  • As the prevalence of allergic disease is increasing, probably through environmental factors, it is appropriate at this stage to review our current knowledge of the mechanisms of allergic eye disease. (bmj.com)
  • Findings from ISAAC and others have shown that much of it does not have an allergic basis, especially in developing countries where its prevalence is increasing (Africa, Latin America and parts of Asia). (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence of allergic
  • 2 However, there are no firm data available on which to base any change in the incidence of allergic eye disease. (bmj.com)
  • Any rise in the incidence of allergic eye disease is at present unproved, because no epidemiological studies have surveyed all the subtypes together at any one time, so that there is no reference point from which to measure any time trends. (bmj.com)
  • inflammation
  • It is one part of the whole spectrum of allergic diseases which share a common initiating mechanism and a characteristic pattern of inflammation. (bmj.com)
  • The consequences are the development of local inflammation and blood flow regulation seen in allergic response. (bmj.com)
  • Mast cell intermediaries cause an allergic inflammation and symptoms through the activation of inflammatory cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Advanced cases can progress to a state of chronic allergic inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatments
  • 1 The classification of allergic eye diseases is based entirely on clinical features, which in the past has resulted in the use of inappropriate or unsatisfactory treatments, owing to our lack of knowledge of the underlying mechanisms. (bmj.com)
  • Clinical trials studying treatments for allergic conjunctivitis have found that an ophthalmic solution containing levocabastine with pemirolast potassium may be more effective in alleviating symptoms than levocabastine alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • ophthalmic solution
  • Olopatadine hydrochloride 0.1% ophthalmic solution (Patanol) and Epinastine hydrochloride 0.05% ophthalmic solution (Elestat) are two topical ant allergic agents. (scopemed.org)
  • Treatment
  • Recent work has defined such underlying pathogenic mechanisms of allergic eye disease, extending our knowledge of the cellular and mediator mechanisms involved, and enabling pathophysiological correlates to be made between the clinical patterns of disease and responses to treatment. (bmj.com)
  • The treatment for allergic conjunctivitis involves the regular use of eyedrops. (telepk.com)
  • inflammatory
  • These not only secrete cytokines controlling basophil, eosinophil, and mast cell activity in the orchestration of the inflammatory or allergic response, but also influence B cells to make antibody (IgE). (bmj.com)