• uterus
  • Each month when women menstruate, they shed the endometrial lining found in their uterus. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The upper female genital tract consists of the body of the uterus, the fallopian or uterine tubes, and the ovaries. (faqs.org)
  • PID, also called salpingitis (inflammation of the fallopian tubes), endometritis (inflammation of the inside lining of the body of the uterus), or pelvicperitonitis (inflammation inside of the abdominal cavity surrounding the female reproductive organs), is the most common and most serious consequence of infection with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in women. (faqs.org)
  • In this procedure, sperm is placed into a female''s vagina, uterus or fallopian tubes by artificial means. (medindia.net)
  • Less common identifiable fertility problems for women include structural problems or scarring of the fallopian tubes and/or uterus caused by pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or endometriosis (a condition causing adhesions and cysts), uterine fibroids or, very rarely, birth defects. (healthywomen.org)
  • Spontaneous abortion during the last two thirds of pregnancy is more likely to be due to maternal factors, for example abnormalities of the cervix or uterus, insufficient progesterone progesterone , female sex hormone that induces secretory changes in the lining of the uterus essential for successful implantation of a fertilized egg. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Women with endometriosis develop tissue that looks and acts like endometrial tissue outside the uterus, usually on other reproductive organs inside the pelvis or in the abdominal cavity. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • Infertility is caused by many sources, including nutrition, diseases, and other malformations of the uterus. (wikipedia.org)
  • A progestogen is needed to prevent endometrial hyperplasia and increased risk of endometrial cancer caused by unopposed estrogens in women who have an intact uterus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease or pelvic inflammatory disorder (PID) is an infection of the upper part of the female reproductive system namely the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, and inside of the pelvis. (wikipedia.org)
  • pelvic pain
  • The symptoms of endometriosis include pelvic pain, infertility, blood in the stool and blood following intercourse. (herbalremedies.com)
  • The main symptoms are pelvic pain and infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • pain may get worse over time (progressive pain), also lower back pains linked to the pelvis chronic pelvic pain - typically accompanied by lower back pain or abdominal pain dyspareunia - painful sex dysuria - urinary urgency, frequency, and sometimes painful voiding Compared with women with superficial endometriosis, those with deep disease appear to be more likely to report shooting rectal pain and a sense of their insides being pulled down. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • This is a condition which occurs when a woman does not ovulate regularly or has ceased ovulation. (bio-medicine.org)
  • This testicular inflammation is generally one-sided (both testicles are swollen in 15-30 percent of mumps orchitis cases) and typically occurs about 10 days after the parotid gland inflamed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ovarian inflammation occurs in about five percent of adolescent and adult females. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acute pancreatic inflammation in about four percent of cases, manifesting as abdominal pain and vomiting Brain inflammation (very rare, and fatal in about one percent of the cases when it occurs) Profound (91 dB or more) but rare sensorineural hearing loss, which can be uni- or bilateral. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acute unilateral deafness occurs in about 0.005 percent of cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infertility occurs in up to half of women affected. (wikipedia.org)
  • intercourse
  • Hostile Cervical Mucus, a condition in which the male sperms are unable to survive due to the hostile cervical conditions of the female during intercourse, accounts for 20 percent of female infertility, claim IVF experts. (medindia.net)
  • NICE guidelines state that: "A woman of reproductive age who has not conceived after 1 year of unprotected vaginal sexual intercourse, in the absence of any known cause of infertility, should be offered further clinical assessment and investigation along with her partner. (wikipedia.org)
  • a woman over 35 has not conceived after 6 months of contraceptive-free sexual intercourse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Updated NICE guidelines do not include a specific definition, but recommend that "A woman of reproductive age who has not conceived after 1 year of unprotected vaginal sexual intercourse, in the absence of any known cause of infertility, should be offered further clinical assessment and investigation along with her partner, with earlier referral to a specialist if the woman is over 36 years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • cervix
  • The lower female genital tract consists of the vagina andthe cervix. (faqs.org)
  • According to a recent study, women with a short cervix that received hormonal treatment with a progesterone gel had their risk of prematurely giving birth reduced. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • Sometimes bacteria from the colon normally in the vaginal cavity may travel upward to infect the upper female genital organs, facilitated by the infection with gonorrhea.Infections with C. trachomatis and other organisms are more likely tohave mild or no symptoms. (faqs.org)
  • About 75 percent of women infected with chlamydia have few or no symptoms, and without testing and treatment the infection may persist for as long as 15 months. (thebody.com)
  • An estimated 50 percent of women with gonorrhea have no symptoms. (thebody.com)
  • These symptoms vary widely from woman to woman. (herbalremedies.com)
  • Many of these women do not seek medical attention because their symptoms are mistaken for normal menstrual discomfort. (herbalremedies.com)
  • The stage of the endometriosis does not necessarily reflect the level of pain experienced, risk of infertility, or symptoms present. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • It is important to note that the amount of pain a woman experiences is not necessarily related to the severity of the disease - some women with severe endometriosis may experience no pain, while others with a milder form of the disease may have severe pain or other symptoms. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • Women suffering from POF usually experience menopausal symptoms that are more severe than the symptoms found in older menopausal women. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a progestogen and is used in combination with estrogens mainly in hormone therapy for menopausal symptoms and low sex hormone levels in women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Less than 50 percent of affected women have both of these symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • About 25% of women have no symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pain and infertility are common symptoms, although 20-25% of women are asymptomatic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary
  • Primary amenorrhea is characterized by no menstruation by age 16 and older, and secondary amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation for three consecutive cycles or a period of six months in a woman who normally menstruated. (womens-health.co.uk)
  • Infertility can further be broken down into primary and secondary infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prevalence of primary infertility has increased since 1990, but secondary infertility has decreased overall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sub-Saharan Africa has had decreasing levels of primary infertility from 1990 to 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Asia, the highest rates of combined secondary and primary infertility was in the South Central region, and then in the Southeast region, with the lowest rates in the Western areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary infertility is defined as the absence of a live birth for women who desire a child and have been in a union for at least 12 months, during which they have not used any contraceptives. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • One of the biggest risk factors for infertility is age. (healthline.com)
  • Women over the age of 40 also have an increased risk of having babies with chromosomal abnormalities, such as Down syndrome. (healthline.com)
  • Sexually active women aged 15-25 are at highest risk for developing PID. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The risk of a women acquiring or transmitting HIV is increased by the presence of other STDs. (thebody.com)
  • This risk is significantly lower in nonsmokers: 1.3% in men and 1.4% in women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infertility risk is also strongly associated with infection with M. genitalium, although evidence suggests it is not associated with male infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaginally dosed progesterone is being investigated as potentially beneficial in preventing preterm birth in women at risk for preterm birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Screening women at risk for chlamydial infection followed by treatment decreases the risk of PID. (wikipedia.org)
  • An important example is the possible increased risk of miscarriage in women with thrombophilia (propensity for blood clots). (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk of death among those in the developed world is between 0.1 and 0.3 percent while in the developing world it is between one and three percent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk factors include: pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, use of an intrauterine device (IUD), previous exposure to DES, tubal surgery, intrauterine surgery (e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • endometriosis
  • Endometriosis is a painful, chronic disease that affects at least 6.3 million women in the U.S. and millions across the globe. (bio-medicine.org)
  • An estimated 5 to 7 million American women suffer from endometriosis. (herbalremedies.com)
  • Many women who develop endometriosis have a greater history of yeast infections, hay fever, eczema, and food sensitivities. (herbalremedies.com)
  • Women who suffer from endometriosis are advised to apply a heating pad to the lower abdominal area to relieve pain and increase circulation during painful periods. (herbalremedies.com)
  • Endometriosis can be a debilitating disease for some women who experience ongoing pain, while others may be asymptomatic. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • How is endometriosis related to infertility? (stlouischildrens.org)
  • The amount of pain a woman feels correlates weakly with the extent or stage (1 through 4) of endometriosis, with some women having little or no pain despite having extensive endometriosis or endometriosis with scarring, while other women may have severe pain even though they have only a few small areas of endometriosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • About a third of women with infertility have endometriosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • secondary
  • An example of this effect is that the male:female ratio of children born prior and subsequent to secondary recurrent miscarriage is 1.49 and 0.76 respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • ovaries
  • On average, the ovaries supply a woman with eggs until age 51, the average age of natural menopause. (wikipedia.org)
  • In natural menopause, the ovaries usually continue to produce low levels of hormones, but in chemotherapy or radiation-induced POF, the ovaries will often cease all functioning and hormone levels will be similar to those of a woman whose ovaries have been removed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women who have had a hysterectomy tend to go through menopause several years earlier than average, likely due to decreased blood flow to the ovaries. (wikipedia.org)
  • percentage
  • The below is a table containing estimates of the percentage of women who, if starting to conceive at a certain age, will fail to obtain a live birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • A high percentage of laboring women (97%) are attended by skilled health personnel, which is much higher than the regional average (49%) (2008). (wikipedia.org)
  • preterm birth
  • The initial study by Fonseca suggested that vaginal progesterone could prevent preterm birth in women with a history of preterm birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • The disease can also occur, although less frequently, in women having monogamous sexual relationships. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Hostile Cervical Mucus may also occur if women eat a lot of dairy products and find that the cervical mucus becomes very thick. (medindia.net)
  • Sexual problems occur in males as well as in females. (medindia.net)
  • painful
  • Painful testicular inflammation develops in 15-40 percent of men who have completed puberty and contract the mumps virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • male
  • Male infertility can be caused by a number of reasons, such as injury, illness, health problems and lifestyle choices. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Stimulating the metabolism of stem cells that produce sperms in male body can shed light on new ways to treat infertility in men. (medindia.net)
  • There is currently no worldwide consensus on how many drinks constitute a "binge", but in the United States, the term has been described in academic research to mean consuming five or more standard drinks (male), or four or more drinks (female), over a 2-hour period. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most obvious difference between female oogenesis and male spermatogenesis is the prolonged arrest of oocytes in late stages of prophase I for many years up to several decades. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another important difference between male and female meiosis concerns the frequency of recombination between homologous chromosomes: In the male, almost all chromosome pairs are joined by at least one crossover, while more than 10% of human oocytes contain at least one bivalent without any crossover event. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lack
  • The higher incidence of PID in women of lower socioeconomic status is due in part to a woman's lack of education and awareness of health and disease and her accessibility to medical care. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Existing definitions of infertility lack uniformity, rendering comparisons in prevalence between countries or over time problematic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women diagnosed with antiphospholid syndrome generally take aspirin or heparin in subsequent pregnancies, but questions remain due to the lack of high quality trials. (wikipedia.org)
  • absence
  • CSIC researcher adds: "We have confirmed that mutation is found in both copies of the gene, one inherited from the father and the other one inherited from the mother, in the four women affected by the disease, causing an absolute absence of STAG3 protein and meiotic cohesin complex in these women. (menopause.org.au)
  • The analysis of female mice has revealed that, same as the affected women, the absence of STAG3 provokes the disease. (menopause.org.au)
  • genital
  • Sometimes bacteria from the colon normally in the vaginal cavity may travel upward to infect the upper female genital organs, facilitated by the infection with gonorrhea. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Sierra Leone is one of 28 countries in Africa where female genital mutilation (FGM) is known to be practiced. (wikipedia.org)
  • fertile
  • In artificial fertilisation, the task is to stimulate multiple follicles to ovulation so that several fertile egg cells can be harvested from the woman. (matheon.de)
  • A female is most fertile within 24 hours of ovulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Avoiding sex when fertile is used by about 3.6% of women of childbearing age, with usage as high as 20% in areas of South America. (wikipedia.org)