Loading...


  • uterus
  • Each month when women menstruate, they shed the endometrial lining found in their uterus. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The upper female genital tract consists of the body of the uterus, the fallopian or uterine tubes, and the ovaries. (faqs.org)
  • PID, also called salpingitis (inflammation of the fallopian tubes), endometritis (inflammation of the inside lining of the body of the uterus), or pelvicperitonitis (inflammation inside of the abdominal cavity surrounding the female reproductive organs), is the most common and most serious consequence of infection with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in women. (faqs.org)
  • In this procedure, sperm is placed into a female''s vagina, uterus or fallopian tubes by artificial means. (medindia.net)
  • Less common identifiable fertility problems for women include structural problems or scarring of the fallopian tubes and/or uterus caused by pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or endometriosis (a condition causing adhesions and cysts), uterine fibroids or, very rarely, birth defects. (healthywomen.org)
  • Spontaneous abortion during the last two thirds of pregnancy is more likely to be due to maternal factors, for example abnormalities of the cervix or uterus, insufficient progesterone progesterone , female sex hormone that induces secretory changes in the lining of the uterus essential for successful implantation of a fertilized egg. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Infertility is caused by many sources, including nutrition, diseases, and other malformations of the uterus. (wikipedia.org)
  • A progestogen is needed to prevent endometrial hyperplasia and increased risk of endometrial cancer caused by unopposed estrogens in women who have an intact uterus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease or pelvic inflammatory disorder (PID) is an infection of the upper part of the female reproductive system namely the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, and inside of the pelvis. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnancy
  • Some research suggests that the likelihood of an eventual pregnancy might be higher for women whose infertility is unexplained than for women with identified issues. (healthline.com)
  • For women under 35, infertility is defined as trying to conceive for one year without a pregnancy. (bio-medicine.org)
  • For women over 35, infertility is defined as trying for six months without a pregnancy. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Pregnancy usually occurs during the first three months of infertility therapy, and treatment beyond six months is not recommended. (havingbabies.com)
  • Because the infections often cause few or no symptoms and may go untreated, women are at risk for complications from STDs, including ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, infertility, chronic pelvic pain, and poor pregnancy outcomes. (thebody.com)
  • If woman can maternity pay taxed the indicators and signs and take required precaution, it is it safe to take bupropion during pregnancy b effortlessly maternity pay taxed for lay benefits. (openbandlabs.com)
  • Experts cannot identify the cause of the problem in an estimated 10 to 15 percent of couples with infertility and 50 percent of women with recurrent pregnancy loss," said senior author Dr. Ignatia B. Van den Veyver , professor of obstetrics and gynecology and molecular and human genetics at Baylor, and director of clinical prenatal genetics at Baylor and Texas Children's Hospital. (scienceblog.com)
  • Women carrying these mutations are healthy in all other physical aspects, so they are unaware that they have these mutations that do not allow them to carry a pregnancy," said first author Dr. Sangeetha Mahadevan , a graduate of the Translational Biology and Molecular Medicine program and currently a postdoctoral fellow in the Van den Veyver lab . (scienceblog.com)
  • Secondary infertility refers to the inability to conceive or give birth when there was a previous pregnancy or live birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Demographers tend to define infertility as childlessness in a population of women of reproductive age," whereas "the epidemiological definition refers to "trying for" or "time to" a pregnancy, generally in a population of women exposed to" a probability of conception. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of 2012, 57% of women of child bearing age wanted to avoid pregnancy (867 of 1520 million). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, due to extreme poverty, lack of access to birth control, and restrictive abortion laws, many women still resort to clandestine abortion providers for unintended pregnancy, resulting in about 3% obtaining unsafe abortions each year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most women who say they do not want any more children or would like to wait a period of time before their next pregnancy do not have the contraceptive resources available to them in order to do so. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fifteen percent of women who have experienced three or more recurring miscarriages have some anatomical reason for the inability to complete the pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Women with hypothyroidism are at increased risk for pregnancy losses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Note that many women with thrombophilia go through one or more pregnancies with no difficulties, while others may have pregnancy complications. (wikipedia.org)
  • High levels of these cells may be linked to RPL but high numbers or the presence of these cells is not a predictor of pregnancy loss in women who have not have had a miscarriage. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, about two-thirds of women seek help outside of the main healthcare system to terminate the unplanned pregnancy, and 12% attempt to do it themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • This habit, among other unmentionable things that this spirit does, is believed to be the cause of many diseases affecting mainly rural women during their pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • pelvic pain
  • The symptoms of endometriosis include pelvic pain, infertility, blood in the stool and blood following intercourse. (herbalremedies.com)
  • The main symptoms are pelvic pain and infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • pain may get worse over time (progressive pain), also lower back pains linked to the pelvis chronic pelvic pain - typically accompanied by lower back pain or abdominal pain dyspareunia - painful sex dysuria - urinary urgency, frequency, and sometimes painful voiding Compared with women with superficial endometriosis, those with deep disease appear to be more likely to report shooting rectal pain and a sense of their insides being pulled down. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • This is a condition which occurs when a woman does not ovulate regularly or has ceased ovulation. (bio-medicine.org)
  • This testicular inflammation is generally one-sided (both testicles are swollen in 15-30 percent of mumps orchitis cases) and typically occurs about 10 days after the parotid gland inflamed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ovarian inflammation occurs in about five percent of adolescent and adult females. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acute pancreatic inflammation in about four percent of cases, manifesting as abdominal pain and vomiting Brain inflammation (very rare, and fatal in about one percent of the cases when it occurs) Profound (91 dB or more) but rare sensorineural hearing loss, which can be uni- or bilateral. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acute unilateral deafness occurs in about 0.005 percent of cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infertility occurs in up to half of women affected. (wikipedia.org)
  • cervix
  • The lower female genital tract consists of the vagina andthe cervix. (faqs.org)
  • According to a recent study, women with a short cervix that received hormonal treatment with a progesterone gel had their risk of prematurely giving birth reduced. (wikipedia.org)
  • polycystic ovarian
  • A woman with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) has a major hormonal imbalance that results in the failure of the ovaries to produce the necessary hormones to keep the menstrual cycle regular. (womens-health.co.uk)
  • chronic
  • Endometriosis is a painful, chronic disease that affects at least 6.3 million women in the U.S. and millions across the globe. (bio-medicine.org)
  • symptoms
  • Sometimes bacteria from the colon normally in the vaginal cavity may travel upward to infect the upper female genital organs, facilitated by the infection with gonorrhea.Infections with C. trachomatis and other organisms are more likely tohave mild or no symptoms. (faqs.org)
  • About 75 percent of women infected with chlamydia have few or no symptoms, and without testing and treatment the infection may persist for as long as 15 months. (thebody.com)
  • An estimated 50 percent of women with gonorrhea have no symptoms. (thebody.com)
  • These symptoms vary widely from woman to woman. (herbalremedies.com)
  • Many of these women do not seek medical attention because their symptoms are mistaken for normal menstrual discomfort. (herbalremedies.com)
  • Women suffering from POF usually experience menopausal symptoms that are more severe than the symptoms found in older menopausal women. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a progestogen and is used in combination with estrogens mainly in hormone therapy for menopausal symptoms and low sex hormone levels in women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Less than 50 percent of affected women have both of these symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • About 25% of women have no symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pain and infertility are common symptoms, although 20-25% of women are asymptomatic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary
  • Primary amenorrhea is characterized by no menstruation by age 16 and older, and secondary amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation for three consecutive cycles or a period of six months in a woman who normally menstruated. (womens-health.co.uk)
  • Infertility can further be broken down into primary and secondary infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prevalence of primary infertility has increased since 1990, but secondary infertility has decreased overall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sub-Saharan Africa has had decreasing levels of primary infertility from 1990 to 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Asia, the highest rates of combined secondary and primary infertility was in the South Central region, and then in the Southeast region, with the lowest rates in the Western areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary infertility is defined as the absence of a live birth for women who desire a child and have been in a union for at least 12 months, during which they have not used any contraceptives. (wikipedia.org)
  • absent
  • For most women with ovulatory disorders, periods are irregular or absent. (bio-medicine.org)
  • From prior studies by us and others, we knew that DNA methylation of genes that are normally methylated when the mother passes them on, was absent in pregnancies of women with mutations in the NLRP7 gene," Van den Veyver said. (scienceblog.com)
  • secondary
  • An example of this effect is that the male:female ratio of children born prior and subsequent to secondary recurrent miscarriage is 1.49 and 0.76 respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • ovaries
  • On average, the ovaries supply a woman with eggs until age 51, the average age of natural menopause. (wikipedia.org)
  • In natural menopause, the ovaries usually continue to produce low levels of hormones, but in chemotherapy or radiation-induced POF, the ovaries will often cease all functioning and hormone levels will be similar to those of a woman whose ovaries have been removed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women who have had a hysterectomy tend to go through menopause several years earlier than average, likely due to decreased blood flow to the ovaries. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • One of the biggest risk factors for infertility is age. (healthline.com)
  • Women over the age of 40 also have an increased risk of having babies with chromosomal abnormalities, such as Down syndrome. (healthline.com)
  • Sexually active women aged 15-25 are at highest risk for developing PID. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The more sexual partners a woman has, the greater her risk of developing PID. (everything2.com)
  • The risk of a women acquiring or transmitting HIV is increased by the presence of other STDs. (thebody.com)
  • This risk is significantly lower in nonsmokers: 1.3% in men and 1.4% in women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infertility risk is also strongly associated with infection with M. genitalium, although evidence suggests it is not associated with male infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaginally dosed progesterone is being investigated as potentially beneficial in preventing preterm birth in women at risk for preterm birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Screening women at risk for chlamydial infection followed by treatment decreases the risk of PID. (wikipedia.org)
  • An important example is the possible increased risk of miscarriage in women with thrombophilia (propensity for blood clots). (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk of death among those in the developed world is between 0.1 and 0.3 percent while in the developing world it is between one and three percent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk factors include: pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, use of an intrauterine device (IUD), previous exposure to DES, tubal surgery, intrauterine surgery (e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnancies
  • Researchers have found that women with mutations that lead to loss-of-function of some of the genes of the NLRP family can fail to reproduce for reasons that may include recurrent loss of pregnancies with abnormally developing placentas, loss of the embryo before implantation, or, more rarely, having a baby with developmental disabilities. (scienceblog.com)
  • Wajihuddin Ahmed, the Family Planning Commissioner during Yahya Khan's rule, focused on reducing pregnancies in women "rather than meeting contraceptive targets alone" and introducing the pill to Pakistani women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women diagnosed with antiphospholid syndrome generally take aspirin or heparin in subsequent pregnancies, but questions remain due to the lack of high quality trials. (wikipedia.org)
  • preterm birth
  • The initial study by Fonseca suggested that vaginal progesterone could prevent preterm birth in women with a history of preterm birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • male
  • Male infertility can be caused by a number of reasons, such as injury, illness, health problems and lifestyle choices. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Stimulating the metabolism of stem cells that produce sperms in male body can shed light on new ways to treat infertility in men. (medindia.net)
  • Male infertility is most commonly due to deficiencies in the semen, and semen quality is used as a surrogate measure of male fecundity. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is currently no worldwide consensus on how many drinks constitute a "binge", but in the United States, the term has been described in academic research to mean consuming five or more standard drinks (male), or four or more drinks (female), over a 2-hour period. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most obvious difference between female oogenesis and male spermatogenesis is the prolonged arrest of oocytes in late stages of prophase I for many years up to several decades. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another important difference between male and female meiosis concerns the frequency of recombination between homologous chromosomes: In the male, almost all chromosome pairs are joined by at least one crossover, while more than 10% of human oocytes contain at least one bivalent without any crossover event. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • The disease can also occur, although less frequently, in women having monogamous sexual relationships. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Hostile Cervical Mucus may also occur if women eat a lot of dairy products and find that the cervical mucus becomes very thick. (medindia.net)
  • Sexual problems occur in males as well as in females. (medindia.net)
  • endometriosis
  • An estimated 5 to 7 million American women suffer from endometriosis. (herbalremedies.com)
  • Many women who develop endometriosis have a greater history of yeast infections, hay fever, eczema, and food sensitivities. (herbalremedies.com)
  • Women who suffer from endometriosis are advised to apply a heating pad to the lower abdominal area to relieve pain and increase circulation during painful periods. (herbalremedies.com)
  • The amount of pain a woman feels correlates weakly with the extent or stage (1 through 4) of endometriosis, with some women having little or no pain despite having extensive endometriosis or endometriosis with scarring, while other women may have severe pain even though they have only a few small areas of endometriosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • About a third of women with infertility have endometriosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lack
  • The higher incidence of PID in women of lower socioeconomic status is due in part to a woman's lack of education and awareness of health and disease and her accessibility to medical care. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Existing definitions of infertility lack uniformity, rendering comparisons in prevalence between countries or over time problematic. (wikipedia.org)
  • absence
  • CSIC researcher adds: "We have confirmed that mutation is found in both copies of the gene, one inherited from the father and the other one inherited from the mother, in the four women affected by the disease, causing an absolute absence of STAG3 protein and meiotic cohesin complex in these women. (menopause.org.au)
  • The analysis of female mice has revealed that, same as the affected women, the absence of STAG3 provokes the disease. (menopause.org.au)
  • genital
  • Sometimes bacteria from the colon normally in the vaginal cavity may travel upward to infect the upper female genital organs, facilitated by the infection with gonorrhea. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Sierra Leone is one of 28 countries in Africa where female genital mutilation (FGM) is known to be practiced. (wikipedia.org)
  • fertile
  • In artificial fertilisation, the task is to stimulate multiple follicles to ovulation so that several fertile egg cells can be harvested from the woman. (matheon.de)
  • A female is most fertile within 24 hours of ovulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Avoiding sex when fertile is used by about 3.6% of women of childbearing age, with usage as high as 20% in areas of South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • ovaries
  • As oppose early signs of pregnancy wikihow hyperthyroidism, it is defined as a condition in which our body produces very little thyroid hormone leading to irregular ovulation and increasing production of prolactin causing production of immature eggs from the ovaries resulting in infertility. (burtonmackenzie.com)
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease or pelvic inflammatory disorder (PID) is an infection of the upper part of the female reproductive system namely the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, and inside of the pelvis. (wikipedia.org)
  • voluntary
  • Uganda is one of the three countries where randomized controlled trials were conducted to determine whether voluntary male circumcision reduces transmission of HIV from women to men. (wikipedia.org)
  • Menarche
  • As pubertal changes precede the first period, or menarche, female children by the age of 14 who still have not reached menarche, plus having no sign of secondary sexual characteristics, such as thelarche or pubarche-thus are without evidence of initiation of puberty-are also considered as having primary amenorrhoea. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • In all the women with PCOS, they found over expression of miR-93 and decreased expression of GLUT4, a key protein that regulates fat's use of glucose for energy. (innovations-report.com)
  • Additionally, almost 40% of women in their reproductive years were found to have Vitamin D deficiencies. (ombecenter.com)
  • It found that being a diabetic hiked the odds of dying from cancer by 25 percent, and also heightened the risk of death from infection, kidney and liver disease. (blogspot.com)
  • Doctors found no links to chondroitin or NSAIDs, but compared to those who did not take glucosamine, those who had taken glucosamine at least four days per week for at least three years were 51 percent less likely to develop lung cancer (adeno-carcinoma). (nutritionexpress.com)
  • The study found that 55 percent were most anxiety-stricken in bed, with one in five men admitting being vexed about their love-making- almost double the figure for girls. (medindia.net)
  • One 2004 study of European women found fertility of the 27-34 and the 35-39 groups had only a four-percent difference. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cannibalism has also been implicated as a transmission mechanism for abnormal prions, causing the disease known as kuru, once found primarily among women and children of the Fore people in Papua New Guinea. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • Low Vitamin D levels have also been associated with a 30 to 50 percent increased risk of colon, prostate, and breast cancer. (ombecenter.com)
  • Women who perform considerable amounts of exercise on a regular basis or lose a significant amount of weight are at risk of developing hypothalamic (or 'athletic') amenorrhoea. (wikipedia.org)
  • problems
  • Identifying this molecular mechanism helps us understand these common conditions better and points us toward targeted therapies to correct these problems in women. (innovations-report.com)
  • life
  • I have dedicated my personal and professional life to educate people how to advocate for family building benefits and in 2010 I lobbied at the Massachusetts State House and am happy to report they passed a law which updated their infertility insurance coverage mandate. (empowher.com)
  • Female life expectancy at birth in Nepal in 68.92 years, compared to 66.18 years for males. (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • The average age of a woman who develops a fistula due to prolonged labor is 28- years-old. (wikipedia.org)
  • The average age of a women who develops a fistula from other causes is 42 years-old. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most obvious difference between female oogenesis and male spermatogenesis is the prolonged arrest of oocytes in late stages of prophase I for many years up to several decades. (wikipedia.org)
  • Study
  • In fact, according to a study published in American Family Physician, about 25 percent of women bleed in their first trimester. (burtonmackenzie.com)
  • According to a 2004 study by Henri Leridon, PhD, an epidemiologist with the French Institute of Health and Medical Research of women trying to get pregnant, without using fertility drugs or in vitro fertilization. (wikipedia.org)
  • This French study looked at 2,193 women who were using artificial insemination because their husbands were azoospermic. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • This leaves women and children increasingly vulnerable to poverty. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the welfare system defined by temporary aid, assistance may run out leaving these women and their children with no support. (wikipedia.org)
  • Childlessness is people - men and women - having no children. (wikipedia.org)
  • take
  • Please take the time to share your story and ask for infertility to be an essential benefit. (empowher.com)
  • The NCAA will usually take approximately 20 percent of the players on a football team to test on a specific day. (wikipedia.org)
  • lower
  • Researchers looked at fat cells from the lower abdomen of 21 women with PCOS and 20 controls. (innovations-report.com)
  • It is recommended that the disease be considered in all women of childbearing age who have lower abdominal pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each county has the option of either choosing to cover only MCE individuals who are below 133 percent of FPL or both MCE and HCCI adults who have family incomes between 133 percent and 200 percent of FPL (or a lower limit determined by the county).8 When the PPACA's health care coverage expansions come into effect, MCE adults will transition to Medicaid with 100 percent of federal matching. (wikipedia.org)
  • irregular
  • Secondary amenorrhoea is where an established menstruation has ceased-for three months in a woman with a history of regular cyclic bleeding, or nine months in a woman with a history of irregular periods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Group
  • A group of tiny RNA molecules with a big role in regulating gene expression also appear to have a role in causing insulin resistance in woman with polycystic ovary syndrome and, perhaps, in all women, researchers report. (innovations-report.com)
  • Statistical analysis showed that the women in the 27-29 age group had significantly less chance on average of becoming pregnant than did the 19- to 26-year-olds. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cumulative success rates after 12 cycles of insemination were 73% for women under age 25, 74% in women ages 26-30, 61% for ages 31-35, and 54% in the over 35 age group. (wikipedia.org)
  • One can think of it as the minimum level of permanent childlessness that we can observe in any given society, and is of the order of 2 percent, in line with data from the Hutterites, a group established as the demographic standard in the 1950s. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Over 90 percent of people in the United States carry BPA residues in their bodies. (saferchemicals.org)
  • Diabetes is reaching epidemic levels with an estimated 280 million people, or 6.4 percent of the world's population, suffering from it and numbers predicted to rise further as obesity rates also increase. (blogspot.com)
  • In 2015, an estimated 1.5 million people in Uganda were infected with HIV, and the HIV prevalence rate in the country was 7.2 percent. (wikipedia.org)
  • The country is home to 42.5 million people (excluding Crimea), 77.8 percent of whom are Ukrainians "by ethnicity", followed by a sizeable minority of Russians (17.3 percent) as well as Georgians, Romanians/Moldovans, Belarusians, Crimean Tatars, Bulgarians and Hungarians. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Reproductive rights may also include the right to receive education about sexually transmitted infections and other aspects of sexuality, and protection from practices such as female genital mutilation (FGM). (wikipedia.org)
  • insurance
  • What are you willing to do to get insurance coverage for infertility? (empowher.com)
  • HWLA helped to narrow the large gap in access to health care among low-income populations by extending health care insurance to uninsured LA County residents living at 0 percent to 133 percent of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL). (wikipedia.org)
  • less likely
  • It is unclear what the abortion rate is in the country, likely because it is considered taboo so women are less likely to report it. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • It can also cause scarring that blocks sperm's movement out of the testes, resulting in epididymitis , which is associated with infertility, chronic scrotal pain, and testicular shrinkage. (advocatesaz.org)
  • male
  • Estimating the "fertility of a woman" is quite difficult because of the male factor (quality of sperm). (wikipedia.org)
  • Another important difference between male and female meiosis concerns the frequency of recombination between homologous chromosomes: In the male, almost all chromosome pairs are joined by at least one crossover, while more than 10% of human oocytes contain at least one bivalent without any crossover event. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • According to the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence over 80 out of every 100 women aged under 40 who have regular unprotected sexual intercourse will get pregnant within 1 year of trying. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • Other data shows that only 4 percent of high schools have some form of drug testing program in place for their football teams. (wikipedia.org)