• fungus
  • Our results indicate a pronounced antibody response of IgA, IgG1 and IgG4 to C. albicans in vaginal washes in symptomatic patients with positive culture, suggesting a important role of these antibodies in the local immune response triggered by the presence of the fungus. (scielo.br)
  • fungal
  • All patients underwent pelvic examination, including visualization of the cervix and vagina, collection of specimens for Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis , potassium hydroxide and saline wet preparations, sniff test, pH measurement, Gram stain, and fungal culture. (aafp.org)
  • Positive diagnosis of vulvovaginal candidiasis was based on a positive Gram stain or fungal culture. (aafp.org)
  • Specific IgG1 e IgG4 levels were significantly higher only in vaginal washes from symptomatic patients with positive culture, with a slightly higher IgG1/IgG4 ratio, indicating that the IgG1 antibody response may be predominantly involved in the fungal clearance. (scielo.br)
  • evaluate
  • To determine the levels of IgA, IgE, IgG and subclasses (IgG1, IgG4) antibodies specific to C. albicans in serum and vaginal washes from women with or without vulvovaginal candidiasis in order to evaluate the role of these antibodies in the immunopathogenesis of the disease. (scielo.br)
  • albicans
  • C. albicans, C. tropicalis, C. parapsilosis, and C. glabrata, are together responsible for 50-90% of all cases of candidiasis in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Estimates range from 2800 to 11200 deaths caused annually in the USA due to C. albicans causes candidiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • analyze
  • The goal of this study was to analyze the prevalence of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) and the drugs prescribed for the treatment of this condition in women followed in gynecological practices in Germany. (ac.ir)
  • Causes
  • Moreover, there are probably several causes of vulvodynia, and some may be individual to the patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • The diagnosis is based on the typical complaints of the patient, essentially normal physical findings, and the absence of identifiable causes per the differential diagnosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • The consequences of delay were judged to be minor in 61 percent of them, moderate in 19 percent, severe in 4 percent, and of no consequence in 16 percent of patients. (aafp.org)
  • disease
  • Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a disease caused by abnormal growth of yeast-like fungi in the mucosa of the female genital tract, classified by the World Health Organization as a sexually transmitted disease of frequent sexual transmission [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • treatment
  • Although most patients respond to antimicrobial treatment, the recurrence rate is high and associated with side effects. (bmj.com)
  • isolates
  • Therefore, we used the multilocus sequence typing (MLST) method to analysis the phylogenetic relationships among azole resistant and azole susceptible isolates from VVC patients in three Shanghai maternity hospitals. (deepdyve.com)