• salivary
  • The aim of the study was to correlate blood glucose level (BGL) and salivary glucose level (SGL) in DM patients. (jomfp.in)
  • Patients had been diagnosed with malignant neoplasms of the head and neck region and were receiving external beam radiotherapy (RT) encompassing one or more major salivary glands for a minimum of 45 Gy. (ons.org)
  • Maintaining the oral health of patients with salivary gland dysfunction or hypofunction can be challenging for dental practitioners and patients. (jcda.ca)
  • The dental health care provider can choose from a variety of commercial products that can be incorporated into a patient-specific treatment plan as needed, depending on the degree of loss of salivary flow. (jcda.ca)
  • The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine if patients with different degrees of dental anxiety and pain undergoing emergency dental care have different stress reactions as measured by salivary cortisol. (go.jp)
  • Conclusions
  • CONCLUSIONS Topical diltiazem and bethanechol substantially reduce anal sphincter pressure for a prolonged period, and represent potential low side effect alternatives to topical nitrates for the treatment of anal fissures. (bmj.com)
  • Oral
  • Arm I: Patients receive oral donepezil hydrochloride once or twice daily for up to 24 weeks in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. (knowcancer.com)
  • In addition, patients with insufficient saliva may also suffer from increased risk of oral infections, a higher rate of caries, increased dental expenses and decreased quality of life. (jcda.ca)
  • decrease
  • Taste changes, including the experience of unexplained foul tastes or a decrease in taste sensations, may lead patients to seek out inappropriate dental treatments, but such treatments are often unsuccessful in resolving the complaint. (jcda.ca)
  • urinary tract
  • Can a urinary tract symptom score predict the development of postoperative urinary retention in patients undergoing lower limb arthroplasty under spinal anaesthesia? (nhi.no)
  • Malrotation was present in 16 patients, 10 had short small intestine, six had non-hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, and 16 had urinary tract involvement. (bmj.com)
  • stomach
  • Administer bethanechol on an empty stomach (i.e., 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal) to minimize nausea and vomiting. (pdr.net)
  • disorders
  • Like most antidepressants of this chemical and pharmacological class, protriptyline has also been used in limited numbers of patients to treat panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, enuresis, eating disorders such as bulimia nervosa, cocaine dependency, and the depressive phase of bipolar disorder (manic-depressive) disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bethanechol should be used to treat these disorders only after mechanical obstruction is ruled out as a possible cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • Taste disorders are distressing for patients. (jcda.ca)
  • mouth
  • Bethanechol mouth rinse has been evaluated in patients with cancer in the prevention and management of mucositis. (ons.org)
  • An osmotic device for delivering a beneficial drug, such as an anti-fungal, into the mouth of a human patient is disclosed. (google.com)
  • reduction
  • 2% diltiazem produced a maximal 28% reduction, and 0.1% bethanechol a maximal 24% reduction, the effect lasting three to five hours. (bmj.com)
  • undergone
  • Compare the effect of donepezil hydrochloride vs placebo, in terms of improving neurocognitive symptom cluster (i.e., cognitive impairment, subjective confusion, and fatigue), in patients who have undergone partial- or whole-brain irradiation for brain tumors. (knowcancer.com)
  • intestinal
  • Full thickness intestinal biopsies were available from 44 patients, but for two patients the material was obtained postmortem. (bmj.com)
  • The Austrian-Brazilian physician and pathologist Fritz K√∂berle was the first to propose the neurogenic hypothesis based on the documented destruction of the Auerbach's plexus in the walls of the intestinal tracts of Chagas patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • Although there is no specific information comparing use of bethanechol in children with use in other age groups, this medicine is not expected to cause different side effects or problems in children than it does in adults. (drugs.com)
  • In patients with HIV/AIDS, cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis is the leading cause of toxic megacolon and emergency laparotomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • diabetes
  • The diagnosis of diabetes through blood is difficult in children, older adults, debilitated and chronically ill patients, so diagnosis by analysis of saliva can be potentially valuable as collection of saliva is noninvasive, easier and technically insensitive, unlike blood. (jomfp.in)
  • With increase in BGL, increase in SGL was observed in patients with diabetes suggesting that SGL can be used for monitoring glycemic level in DM. (jomfp.in)
  • management
  • In addition, the differing pathologic mechanisms, and the great variety of existing treatments hinder the clinical management of these patients. (medsci.org)
  • Until the last 10 years few patients survived long enough for the natural history of CIIPS to be apparent, and the place of surgery in its management is still not well defined. (bmj.com)
  • 1-8 The aims of our study were to document the course of the disorder in a large number of patients, in whom the underlying enteric neuromuscular disease had been clarified, from one centre over a long period of time, to determine the place and type of surgery used in their management, and to identify prognostic factors. (bmj.com)
  • drug
  • A common side effect drawback of nitroglycerine ointment is headache, caused by systemic absorption of the drug, which limits patient acceptability. (wikipedia.org)
  • lower
  • BACKGROUND Topical nitrates lower anal sphincter pressure and heal anal fissures, but a majority of patients experience headache. (bmj.com)
  • In the second and third studies diltiazem and bethanechol gels of increasing concentration were applied topically to lower anal pressure. (bmj.com)
  • confusion
  • Patients complete self-reported questionnaires (quality of life, fatigue, subjective confusion, neurocognitive battery, and mood) at baseline and 12 and 24 weeks. (knowcancer.com)
  • reduce
  • Bethanechol did not appear to reduce the incidence of mucositis, candidiasis, or taste loss when administered during RT. (ons.org)
  • disease
  • In rare cases in which patients with cardiovascular disease must take protriptyline, they should be monitored closely for cardiac rhythm disturbances and signs of cardiac stress or damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Central and South America, the most common incidence of chronic megacolon is that observed in about 20% of patients affected with Chagas disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • cases
  • However, in many cases involving Botox injections the patients eventually had to choose another cure as the injections proved less and less potent, spending thousands of dollars in the meantime for a partial cure. (wikipedia.org)
  • large
  • Patients with colonic inertia show the marker spread throughout the large intestines, while patients with outlet obstruction exhibit slow accumulations of markers in some places. (wikipedia.org)