Loading...


  • time
  • During the 1st year of your child's life, his or her heart will change rapidly over that period of time. (scientifichealth.org)
  • 6. The system of claim 1 , wherein the device further includes a clock circuit and the controller circuit is operable to measure heart sounds at a time of day when a patient is in a recumbent posture. (google.com.au)
  • congestive heart f
  • A system and method for use in an implantable cardiac device permits the monitoring of progression and regression in heart disease, such as congestive heart failure. (google.com)
  • ability to breathe easily only while standing, seen in congestive heart failure. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Conversely, when heard in a middle-aged or older adult, an S3 is often a sign of disease, indicating increased ventricular filling due to congestive heart failure or severe mitral or tricuspid regurgitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals with acute MI are typically severely symptomatic and will have the signs and symptoms of acute decompensated congestive heart failure (i.e. shortness of breath, pulmonary edema, orthopnea, and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea), as well as symptoms of cardiogenic shock (i.e., shortness of breath at rest). (wikipedia.org)
  • Over time, however, there may be decompensation and patients can develop volume overload (congestive heart failure). (wikipedia.org)
  • Pulmonary capillary pressures in this level cause an imbalance between the hydrostatic pressure and the oncotic pressure, leading to extravasation of fluid from the vascular tree and pooling of fluid in the lungs (congestive heart failure causing pulmonary edema). (wikipedia.org)
  • The loss of the atrial kick due to atrial fibrillation ( i.e. blood cannot flow into the left ventricle thus accumulating in the left atrium ) can cause a precipitous decrease in cardiac output and sudden congestive heart failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • Diagnosing patients with symptoms suggestive of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) continues to require substantial healthcare resources. (bmj.com)
  • 5. The method of claim 4 , including communicating stored samples of the respiratory sounds to the external device, wherein the external device is configured to correlate the stored samples of the respiratory sounds with patient symptoms. (google.com)
  • 9. The method of claim 1 , including correlating the recorded digitized samples of the acoustic signal with patient symptoms. (google.com)
  • correlating the recorded samples of the sensed electrical activity signal with the recorded digitized samples of the acoustic signal and the patient symptoms. (google.com)
  • Patients with severe aortic stenosis, where the aortic valve is narrowed and blood flow from the heart is obstructed are candidates for surgery when they develop symptoms or when the heart function is impacted. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients with leaky aortic valves (aortic insufficiency) often tolerate even severe degrees of insufficiency for a relatively long time before symptoms develop. (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgery is indicated for symptoms such as shortness of breath, and in cases where the heart has begun to enlarge (dilate) from pumping the increased volume of blood that leaks back through the valve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms may include: Shortness of breath with activity Platypnea - Difficulty breathing in the upright position with relief in the supine position Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea - Breathing difficulty when asleep Dizziness Fainting Palpitations - Sensation of feeling your heart beat Chest pain or tightness Sudden Death (In which case the disease is an autopsy finding) The symptoms and signs of left atrial myxomas often mimic mitral stenosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • They tend to occur in more than one part of the heart at a time, and often cause symptoms at a younger age than other myxomas. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the tumor grows inside the heart, it can block blood flow through the mitral valve and cause symptoms of mitral stenosis or mitral regurgitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Athlete's heart most often does not have any physical symptoms, although an indicator would be a consistently low resting heart rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media Signs and symptoms of mitral stenosis include the following: Heart failure symptoms, such as dyspnea on exertion, orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (PND) Palpitations Chest pain Hemoptysis Thromboembolism in later stages when the left atrial volume is increased (i.e., dilation). (wikipedia.org)
  • In health care, a simulated patient (SP), also known as a standardized patient, sample patient, or patient instructor, is an individual trained to act as a real patient in order to simulate a set of symptoms or problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • valve
  • The second heart sound, or S2, forms the "dub" of "lub-dub" and is composed of components A2 (aortic valve closure) and P2 (pulmonary valve closure). (wikipedia.org)
  • Aortic valve replacement is a procedure in which a patient's failing aortic valve is replaced with an artificial heart valve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Current aortic valve replacement approaches include open heart surgery via a sternotomy, minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). (wikipedia.org)
  • There are two basic types of artificial heart valve: mechanical valves and tissue valves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tissue heart valves are usually made from animal tissue, either animal heart valve tissue or animal pericardial tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result, mechanical valve recipients must take anticoagulant (blood thinning) drugs such as warfarin for the rest of their lives, making the patient more prone to bleeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • For this reason, younger patients are often receive mechanical valves to prevent the increased risk (and inconvenience) of another valve replacement. (wikipedia.org)
  • This machine takes over the task of breathing for the patient and pumping their blood around while the surgeon replaces the heart valve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once the valve is in place and the aorta has been closed, the patient is taken off the heart-lung machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE, an ultra-sound of the heart done through the esophagus) can be used to verify that the new valve is functioning properly. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arrhythmias Pulmonary edema Peripheral emboli Spread (metastasis) of the tumor Blockage of the mitral heart valve Stroke Fusiform cerebral aneurysms Myxoma Interleukin 6 Other primary cardiac tumours include: Papillary fibroelastoma Rhabdomyomas Sarcomas Eric J. Topol. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical citation needed] Among the causes of pulmonary insufficiency are: Pulmonary hypertension Infective endocarditis Rheumatic heart disease Connective tissue disease Carcinoid syndrome Congestive abnormalities Tetralogy of Fallot, Prosthetic heart valve The pathophysiology is due to diastolic pressure variations between the pulmonary artery and right ventricle, differences are often very small, but increase regurgitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • right ventricle
  • If the problem is in the right ventricle, the abnormal sound will be most evident on the lower left hand side of the sternum and will get louder with exercise and quick, deep inspiration. (wikipedia.org)
  • The heart becomes enlarged, or hypertrophic, due to intense cardiovascular workouts, creating an increase in stroke volume, an enlarged left ventricle (and right ventricle), and a decrease in resting pulse along with irregular rhythms. (wikipedia.org)
  • auditory
  • Users can listen to each auditory heart sound while viewing graphic material that helps identify the abnormality. (brightsurf.com)
  • This was used to do definitive studies on binaural hearing and auditory processing that advanced knowledge of sound localization and eventually lead to an understanding of binaural fusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • echocardiogram
  • At last one third of the patients have no detectable heart disease by echocardiogram, with roughly 25% of the normal cases having at le4ast one innocent murmur. (jhuapl.edu)
  • hypotension
  • On physical examination, the patient may have the classic "Beck's triad" - hypotension, raised JVP and distant heart sounds, when complicated by cardiac tamponade. (wikipedia.org)
  • This causes equilibration of the pressure in all four heart chambers, and results in the common findings of the tamponade which are pulsus paradoxus, Beck's triad of hypotension, muffled heart sounds, and raised jugular venous pressure, as well as EKG or Holter monitor findings such as electrical alternans. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • Difficulty in breathing that occurs while the patient is lying down. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The S4 sound occurs, by definition, immediately before S1, while the atria of the heart are vigorously contracting. (wikipedia.org)
  • It occurs in patients with rupture of an abdominal viscus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Athlete's heart is common in athletes who routinely exercise more than an hour a day, and occurs primarily in endurance athletes, though it can occasionally arise in heavy weight trainers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Postpericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) is a medical syndrome referring to an immune phenomenon that occurs days to months (usually 1-6 weeks) after surgical incision of the pericardium (membranes encapsulating the human heart). (wikipedia.org)
  • coronary
  • In order to better define the magnitude of risk for incident cardiovascular disease attributable to loneliness and social isolation, Valtorta and colleagues ( see page 1009 ) performed a meta-analysis of 16 longitudinal databases with a total of 4628 coronary heart disease (CHD) events and 3002 strokes over 3 to 21 years of follow-up. (bmj.com)
  • CHD, coronary heart disease. (bmj.com)
  • Acoustic analysis of transcutaneous heart sounds of cardiac movement and intracoronary turbulence due to obstructive coronary disease could potentially change this. (bmj.com)
  • If significant obstruction was suspected in any coronary segment, patients were referred to invasive angiography and fractional flow reserve (FFR) assessment. (bmj.com)
  • 1 2 A continued high rate of inappropriate Invasive coronary angiography (ICA) in de novo patients has been criticised in particular because it is costly and carries the risk of complications. (bmj.com)
  • The effect of spiritual care based on « GHALBE SALIM » model on spiritual experiences of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. (springer.com)
  • PPS can also be caused after a trauma, a puncture of the cardiac or pleural structures (such as a bullet or stab wound), after percutaneous coronary intervention (such as stent placement after a myocardial infarction or heart attack), or due to pacemaker or pacemaker wire placement. (wikipedia.org)
  • myocardial
  • Forest plot for the meta-analysis of chocolate consumption (highest vs lowest category) and risk of myocardial infarction or ischaemic heart disease. (bmj.com)
  • pericardial
  • When air and fluid mix together in the pericardial sac, a tinkling sound superimposed over a succussion splash is heard. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physically the patients who progress to severe pericardial tamponade obtundate, become mentally altered, and lethargic. (wikipedia.org)
  • valvular
  • The American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology Guidelines for the Management of Patients with Valvular Heart Disease are a widely accepted source of information for cardiologists and surgeons. (wikipedia.org)
  • MI is the most common form of valvular heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] It is the most common valvular heart disease in pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • Mechanical valves are designed to outlast the patient, and have typically been stress-tested to last several hundred years. (wikipedia.org)
  • The S3 can also be confused with a widely split S2, or a mitral opening snap, but these sounds are typically of much higher pitch and occur closer to the onset of S2. (wikipedia.org)
  • An S4 gallop is a stronger and louder sound created by the heart, if diseased in any way, and is typically a sign of a serious medical condition. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • Less commonly, "mechanic's stethoscopes", equipped with rod shaped chestpieces, are used to listen to internal sounds made by machines (for example, sounds and vibrations emitted by worn ball bearings), such as diagnosing a malfunctioning automobile engine by listening to the sounds of its internal parts. (wikipedia.org)
  • An atrial myxoma is a benign tumor of the heart, most commonly found within the left and then the right atria on the interatrial septum. (wikipedia.org)
  • A third heart sound is commonly heard. (wikipedia.org)
  • Athletic heart syndrome (AHS), also known as athlete's heart, athletic bradycardia, or exercise-induced cardiomegaly is a non-pathological condition commonly seen in sports medicine, in which the human heart is enlarged, and the resting heart rate is lower than normal. (wikipedia.org)
  • People diagnosed with athlete's heart commonly display three signs that would usually indicate a heart condition when seen in a regular person: bradycardia, cardiomegaly, and cardiac hypertrophy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, athletes with AHS commonly have lower resting heart rates than nonathletes. (wikipedia.org)
  • sensor
  • This paper presents the design and testing of a wireless sensor system developed using a Microchip PICDEM developer kit to acquire and monitor human heart sounds for phonocardiography applications. (mdpi.com)
  • Hear life-like sounds with the state-of-the-art sound sensor. (stethoscope.com)
  • cardiac auscultation
  • A heart sound simulator for the teaching of cardiac auscultation and diagnosis procedures which utilizes a plurality of separate bands of sound related signals for combination in cyclic and timed sequence to simulate heart pulse cycles or arrhythmic combinations thereof. (google.com)
  • f2/197l Ackerman 35/17 3,665,087 5/1972 Poylo 35/17 Primary EQtaminer-Harland S. Skogquist Attorney, Agent, or Firm--C B. Messenger ABSTRACT A heart sound simulator for the teaching of cardiac auscultation and diagnosis procedures which utilizes a plurality of separate bands of sound related signals for combination in cyclic and timed sequence to simulate heart pulse cycles or arrhythmic combinations thereof. (google.com)
  • normal and abnormal
  • A program element having instructional and indexing material thereon for visual observation is placed in fixed position as a signal gating element to selectively and/or periodically intercept circuits inclusive of photosensitive elements for the control of said circuits as necessary to duplicate various normal and abnormal heart conditions. (google.com)
  • No. 3,399,467 issued to one of the inventors herein an instrument was disclosed for duplicating or simulating the sounds of the human heart that are associated with normal and abnormal conditions thereof. (google.com)
  • detection
  • Conclusion Sound-based detection of CAD enables risk stratification superior to clinical risk scores. (bmj.com)
  • ascites
  • Ascites and edema and hepatomegaly (if right-side heart failure develops) Fatigue and weakness increase with exercise and pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • The ongoing controversy on the relationship between eating chocolate and heart disease was addressed in a study by Larsson and colleagues ( see page 1017 ) that included over 67 thousand Swedish men and women who completed a baseline food questionnaire and then were followed prospectively for an average of 12 years. (bmj.com)
  • Relative changes in the average time intervals over time provides an indication of the progression or regression of the heart disease. (google.com)
  • The S4 heart sound is a secondary manifestation of a primary disease process and treatment should be focused on treating the underlying, primary disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • S3 can also be due to tricuspid regurgitation, and could indicate hypertensive heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ischemic heart disease causes MI by the combination of ischemic dysfunction of the papillary muscles, and the dilatation of the left ventricle. (wikipedia.org)
  • left atrium
  • About 75% of myxomas occur in the left atrium of the heart, usually beginning in the wall that divides the two upper chambers of the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the heart rate goes above a certain point, the diastolic filling period is insufficient to fill the ventricle with blood and pressure builds up in the left atrium, leading to pulmonary congestion. (wikipedia.org)
  • determines
  • A processor determines a predetermined characteristic of the heart sounds, such as amplitude, time intervals between selected heart sounds, and time intervals between selected heart sound and selected electrogram features for each cardiac cycle occurring during a monitoring period. (google.com)
  • The level of physical activity in a person determines what physiological changes the heart makes. (wikipedia.org)
  • time
  • During the 1st year of your child's life, his or her heart will change rapidly over that period of time. (scientifichealth.org)
  • 6. The system of claim 1 , wherein the device further includes a clock circuit and the controller circuit is operable to measure heart sounds at a time of day when a patient is in a recumbent posture. (google.com.au)
  • pregnancy
  • Obstetric ultrasonography is the use of medical ultrasonography in pregnancy, in which sound waves are used to create real-time visual images of the developing embryo or fetus in its mother's uterus (womb). (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1994, Congdon's non-fiction book Having Babies was published by Simon & Schuster, described by Kirkus Reviews as "A look at pregnancy and childbirth as they are experienced by patients of an obstetrical practice in a wealthy New Jersey town. (wikipedia.org)
  • continuous
  • They include: sensory deprivation stress positions sleep deprivation food and drink deprivation continuous music or sound A BBC News report claimed that music by the American heavy metal band Metallica and children's TV programs Barney and Sesame Street, was used for sleep deprivation and to culturally offend Iraqi POWs. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical
  • Health workers, patients, and medical facilities have come under attack in 17 countries since the start of 2014, a coalition of 24 nongovernmental organizations said in a report released Wednesday that urged a greater international effort to protect health services. (kff.org)
  • care
  • A disadvantage of all oxygen masks is that they must be removed when patients are eating, drinking, or receiving facial or airway care provided by My Canadian Pharmacy. (anosiahuman.com)
  • Type 2 diabetes patients need to be more involved in their own care. (thenutritiondebate.com)
  • The video synopsis, with accompanying transcript of a paper, "A randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavioral therapy for adherence and depression (CBT-AD) in patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes," appeared in Diabetes Care . (thenutritiondebate.com)
  • type
  • My main frustration with this study is that these seriously-ill, hospitalized patients, all with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, were being taught, through CBT, "adherence:" Take you pills and test your blood regularly to see how sick you are and how much sicker you're getting. (thenutritiondebate.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the comparative cardiovascular safety of incretin-based therapies in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). (ox.ac.uk)
  • pain
  • She falls in love with her neighbour Aman Mathur, a terminally ill heart patient who, in turn, tries to get Naina and her friend, Rohit Patel to fall in love with each other as he does not wish to bring her pain with his death by reciprocating her feelings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aman says that he too is in love with Naina but has decided to hide it as he is a terminally ill heart patient and will eventually bring Naina pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • The U.N. independent expert on the implications for human rights of the environmentally sound management and disposal of hazardous substances and wastes today urged the World Health Organization to 'play a much larger, more active role' in protecting people from the negative impacts of toxic pollution…" (5/20). (kff.org)
  • As with any living species, coping with environmental threats-and the resultant stresses and psychological traumas- must lie at the heart of human life including human psychological life. (wikipedia.org)
  • music
  • Music and sound have been usually used as part of a combination of interrogation methods, today recognized by international bodies as amounting to torture. (wikipedia.org)
  • song
  • Matt Lovett of UWIRE wrote that the song, along with "Holy Horseshit, Batman", "sound like reflections of a 13-year-old finally using the naughty language he learned at school in his diary. (wikipedia.org)
  • flow
  • Some patients may develop local irritation, dermatitis and drying of the mucous membranes if these devices are used for prolonged periods of time, particularly at high flow rates. (anosiahuman.com)
  • The heart has four valves that regulate the flow of blood through the heart's four chambers. (augsburgcollege.org)
  • Chad Grischow of IGN named "Ass Back Home" the best track on the album, writing "The breezy dub rock flavor of shimmering guitar and an adorable hook from Neon Hitch turn 'Ass Back Home' into the best of the album, as McCoy's beat-riding flow works wonders as he sings the praises of his patient woman. (wikipedia.org)
  • mother
  • During Naina and Rohit's engagement, Aman has a heart attack and, unknown to anyone besides his mother, is admitted to a hospital. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hazell died of a heart attack when Stoudemire was 12, and his mother was in and out of prison for crimes such as petty theft and forgery during that time. (wikipedia.org)