• major
  • It was based on the fact that development of irrigation schemes, dam construction for hydroelectric power, water conservation for different purposes, human behaviours such as swimming habits and improper waste disposal, poverty like use of river water for different purposes, and wide distribution of intermediate host were identified as the major contributing factors for the increased prevalence and wide distribution of schistosomiasis [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Host
  • Bivitellobilharzia nairi, common name the elephant schistosome, is a parasitic trematode that uses the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) as a definitive host. (wikipedia.org)