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  • syphilis
  • Direct infection by viruses, bacteria, mold, or parasites such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-lymphotropic virus types I and II (HTLV-I/II), syphilis, lyme disease, and tuberculosis can cause myelitis but it can also be caused due to non-infectious or inflammatory pathway. (wikipedia.org)
  • Or, tuberculosis, syphilis, and brucellosis are also known to cause myelitis in immune-compromised individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • vertebral body
  • The following are radiographic changes characteristic of spinal tuberculosis on plain radiography: Lytic destruction of anterior portion of vertebral body Increased anterior wedging Collapse of vertebral body Reactive sclerosis on a progressive lytic process Enlarged psoas shadow with or without calcification - Additional radiographic findings may include the following: Vertebral end plates are osteoporotic. (wikipedia.org)
  • posterior
  • In this case, I would have likely performed a posterior spinal fusion with instrumentation from C7 to T6 with a lateral extracavitary resection of T2 and T3 and anterior reconstruction using a titanium cage filled with iliac crest bone graft. (spineuniverse.com)
  • neurological
  • Another rare cause of neurological deficit is inflammatory vascular thrombosis of spinal arteries resulting in spinal infarct. (jcorth.com)
  • During the neurological examination, the patient had marked hypotonia with pain while applying pressure on the L3-L4 spinal segment. (shafaorthoj.com)
  • severe
  • Pott's disease is a severe illness, and there are many different factors that can affect neurologic recovery after spinal cord damage and surgery. (zocdoc.com)
  • lesion
  • These changes translate into loss of muscle function, sensation, or autonomic function in parts of the body served by the spinal cord below the level of the lesion. (wikipedia.org)
  • weakness
  • Symptoms of paraplegia are paralysis or weakness of the lower extremities. (healthtap.com)
  • Sciatica-type pain on one side or both sides, although pain may be wholly absent Weakness of the muscles of the lower legs (often paraplegia) Achilles (ankle) reflex absent on both sides. (wikipedia.org)
  • KeywordsIntra-medullary tuberculoma Spinal tuberculoma Muscle weakness Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1752-1947-6-388 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. (duhnnae.com)
  • nerves
  • Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is symptoms due to damage to the bundle of nerves below the end of the spinal cord known as the cauda equina. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the conus medullaris, the canal contains a mass of nerves (the cauda equina or "horse-tail") that branches off the lower end of the spinal cord and contains the nerve roots from L1-5 and S1-5. (wikipedia.org)
  • The part of the spinal cord that was damaged corresponds to the spinal nerves at that level and below. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • in the 22 recurrent ONM patients: pulmonary tuberculosis (3), neurocysticercosis (1), polyarteritis nodosa (1), antinuclear antibody and rheumatoid factor (1), antiphospholipid antibody primary syndrome (1), diabetes mellitus (1), hypothyroidism (1), and amenorrhea-galactorrhea (4). (bmj.com)
  • Patients who have a positive PPD test (but not active tuberculosis) may decrease their risk by properly taking medicines to prevent tuberculosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • To effectively treat tuberculosis, it is crucial that patients take their medications exactly as prescribed. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • Paraplegia is the loss of power in the lower extremities usually due to spinal cord (spastic variety) or peripheral nerve and muscle disease (flaccid type) amputee is a person who has had part or the whole of a limb removed this could be due to a variety of causes from vascular disease trauma or cancer . (healthtap.com)
  • In the majority of cases, paraplegia results from disease or injury of the spinal cord that causes interference with nerve paths connecting the brain and the muscles. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The WHO data on tuberculosis prevalence released yearly is the best estimate of disease burden worldwide. (springer.com)
  • Pott's disease results from haematogenous spread of tuberculosis from other sites, often the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary spinal hydatid cyst is rarely encountered, accounting for less than 1% of all cases of hydatid disease, which most commonly involves the dorsal spinal column. (shafaorthoj.com)
  • Fungal myelitis Fungi have been reported to cause spinal cord disease either by forming abscesses inside the bone or by granuloma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gull is remembered for a number of significant contributions to medical science, including advancing the understanding of myxoedema, Bright's disease, paraplegia and anorexia nervosa (for which he first established the name). (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • Some people with paraplegia also have something called spasticity which is an increase in muscle tone that can cause stiffness and spasms in the legs. (healthtap.com)
  • The type of bed used and the positioning of the patient with paraplegia will depend on the cause and extent of the paralysis and the preference of the health care provider. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Spinal compression, whatever its cause, demands surgical relief. (shahzadshams.com)
  • cases
  • Immediate surgery is the answer and it involves removing the cord compressing pathology and if massive damge of vertebra are involved then spinal fixation with titanium screws and plates or cage fixation is also required in few cases. (shahzadshams.com)
  • revealed that hydatid cysts of the central nervous system comprise 3% of all cases of hydatid cysts, and more than 50% of these cases are localized in the spinal system ( 3 ). (shafaorthoj.com)
  • inflammation
  • Myelitis is inflammation of the spinal cord which can disrupt the normal responses from the brain to the rest of the body, and from the rest of the body to the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • syphilis
  • Direct infection by viruses, bacteria, mold, or parasites such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-lymphotropic virus types I and II (HTLV-I/II), syphilis, lyme disease, and tuberculosis can cause myelitis but it can also be caused due to non-infectious or inflammatory pathway. (wikipedia.org)
  • Or, tuberculosis, syphilis, and brucellosis are also known to cause myelitis in immune-compromised individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • vertebral body
  • The following are radiographic changes characteristic of spinal tuberculosis on plain radiography: Lytic destruction of anterior portion of vertebral body Increased anterior wedging Collapse of vertebral body Reactive sclerosis on a progressive lytic process Enlarged psoas shadow with or without calcification - Additional radiographic findings may include the following: Vertebral end plates are osteoporotic. (wikipedia.org)
  • posterior
  • In this case, I would have likely performed a posterior spinal fusion with instrumentation from C7 to T6 with a lateral extracavitary resection of T2 and T3 and anterior reconstruction using a titanium cage filled with iliac crest bone graft. (spineuniverse.com)
  • neurological
  • Another rare cause of neurological deficit is inflammatory vascular thrombosis of spinal arteries resulting in spinal infarct. (jcorth.com)
  • During the neurological examination, the patient had marked hypotonia with pain while applying pressure on the L3-L4 spinal segment. (shafaorthoj.com)
  • severe
  • Pott's disease is a severe illness, and there are many different factors that can affect neurologic recovery after spinal cord damage and surgery. (zocdoc.com)
  • lesion
  • These changes translate into loss of muscle function, sensation, or autonomic function in parts of the body served by the spinal cord below the level of the lesion. (wikipedia.org)
  • weakness
  • Symptoms of paraplegia are paralysis or weakness of the lower extremities. (healthtap.com)
  • Sciatica-type pain on one side or both sides, although pain may be wholly absent Weakness of the muscles of the lower legs (often paraplegia) Achilles (ankle) reflex absent on both sides. (wikipedia.org)
  • KeywordsIntra-medullary tuberculoma Spinal tuberculoma Muscle weakness Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1752-1947-6-388 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. (duhnnae.com)
  • nerves
  • Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is symptoms due to damage to the bundle of nerves below the end of the spinal cord known as the cauda equina. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the conus medullaris, the canal contains a mass of nerves (the cauda equina or "horse-tail") that branches off the lower end of the spinal cord and contains the nerve roots from L1-5 and S1-5. (wikipedia.org)
  • The part of the spinal cord that was damaged corresponds to the spinal nerves at that level and below. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • in the 22 recurrent ONM patients: pulmonary tuberculosis (3), neurocysticercosis (1), polyarteritis nodosa (1), antinuclear antibody and rheumatoid factor (1), antiphospholipid antibody primary syndrome (1), diabetes mellitus (1), hypothyroidism (1), and amenorrhea-galactorrhea (4). (bmj.com)
  • Patients who have a positive PPD test (but not active tuberculosis) may decrease their risk by properly taking medicines to prevent tuberculosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • To effectively treat tuberculosis, it is crucial that patients take their medications exactly as prescribed. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • Paraplegia is the loss of power in the lower extremities usually due to spinal cord (spastic variety) or peripheral nerve and muscle disease (flaccid type) amputee is a person who has had part or the whole of a limb removed this could be due to a variety of causes from vascular disease trauma or cancer . (healthtap.com)
  • In the majority of cases, paraplegia results from disease or injury of the spinal cord that causes interference with nerve paths connecting the brain and the muscles. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The WHO data on tuberculosis prevalence released yearly is the best estimate of disease burden worldwide. (springer.com)
  • Pott's disease results from haematogenous spread of tuberculosis from other sites, often the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary spinal hydatid cyst is rarely encountered, accounting for less than 1% of all cases of hydatid disease, which most commonly involves the dorsal spinal column. (shafaorthoj.com)
  • Fungal myelitis Fungi have been reported to cause spinal cord disease either by forming abscesses inside the bone or by granuloma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gull is remembered for a number of significant contributions to medical science, including advancing the understanding of myxoedema, Bright's disease, paraplegia and anorexia nervosa (for which he first established the name). (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • Some people with paraplegia also have something called spasticity which is an increase in muscle tone that can cause stiffness and spasms in the legs. (healthtap.com)
  • The type of bed used and the positioning of the patient with paraplegia will depend on the cause and extent of the paralysis and the preference of the health care provider. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Spinal compression, whatever its cause, demands surgical relief. (shahzadshams.com)
  • cases
  • Immediate surgery is the answer and it involves removing the cord compressing pathology and if massive damge of vertebra are involved then spinal fixation with titanium screws and plates or cage fixation is also required in few cases. (shahzadshams.com)
  • revealed that hydatid cysts of the central nervous system comprise 3% of all cases of hydatid cysts, and more than 50% of these cases are localized in the spinal system ( 3 ). (shafaorthoj.com)
  • inflammation
  • Myelitis is inflammation of the spinal cord which can disrupt the normal responses from the brain to the rest of the body, and from the rest of the body to the brain. (wikipedia.org)