• glands
  • The group of glands and cells in the body that make and release hormones (which control many functions such as growth, reproduction, sleep, hunger and metabolism) into the blood. (cancer.ca)
  • neurons
  • amacrine cell any of five types of retinal neurons that seem to lack large axons, having only processes that resemble dendrites. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The network of neurons (nerve cells) throughout the body that work together to control organ functions and body movements. (cancer.ca)
  • The present inventions are directed to compositions and methods regarding the reprogramming of other cells (such as glial cells) into neurons without introducing exogenous genes to the samples. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • protein
  • Eukaryotic cells have a true nucleus, which contains the genetic material, composed of the chromosomes , each of which is a long linear deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecule associated with protein. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 10. The transducible material of claim 5, wherein the transduction domain is selected from the group consisting of a protein transduction domain, a cell penetrating peptide, a cell permeating peptide, an activatable cell penetrating peptide, a cell-targeting peptide and a polymer. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • This gene codes for a protein called menin that normally helps prevent neoplastic proliferation (uncontrolled new growth) of cells. (britannica.com)
  • hormones
  • Although there are many kinds of NETs, they are treated as a group of tissue because the cells of these neoplasms share common features, such as looking similar, having special secretory granules, and often producing biogenic amines and polypeptide hormones. (wikipedia.org)
  • APUD cells [ a mine p recursor u ptake and d ecarboxylation] a group of cells that manufacture polypeptides and biogenic amines serving as hormones or neurotransmitters. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • These molecules serve as cell receptors and are involved in signal transduction for a wide range of ligands, including hormones, cytokines and incidentally serve as receptors for viruses and drugs. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The follicular cells take in iodine from the blood, which is used to make the hormones T4 and T3. (cancer.ca)
  • A specialized organ or group of cells that produces or releases substances (such as hormones, saliva, digestive juices, sweat, tears or milk) to perform different functions in the body. (cancer.ca)
  • plasma membrane
  • 1. any of the protoplasmic masses making up organized tissue, consisting of a nucleus surrounded by cytoplasm enclosed in a cell or plasma membrane. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • All cells are bounded by a structure called the cell membrane or plasma membrane , which is a lipid bilayer composed of two layers of phospholipids. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • tumours
  • Coinciding disorders may include pancreatic islet-cell tumours, such as gastric acid-secreting tumours (gastrinomas), pancreatic polypeptide -secreting tumours, insulin -secreting tumours (insulinomas), and, less commonly, glucagon -secreting, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide -secreting, or somatostatin -secreting tumours. (britannica.com)
  • typically
  • Embedded in the cell membrane are a wide range of molecules that vary with the cell type and are typically composed of proteins or glycoproteins that have a cytoplasmic transmembrane and external domains. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • arise
  • All living cells arise from other cells, either by division of one cell to make two, as in mitosis and meiosis, or by fusion of two cells to make one, as in the union of the sperm and ovum to make the zygote in sexual reproduction. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • nucleus
  • band cell a late metamyelocyte in which the nucleus is in the form of a curved or coiled band. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Prokaryotic cells, the bacteria, have no nucleus, and their genetic material, consisting of a single circular naked DNA molecule, is not separated from the rest of the cell by a nuclear membrane. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • body
  • The cells of the body differentiate during development into many specialized types with specific tasks to perform. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Most patients with MEN1, as well as people with a familial risk of developing MEN1, have germ line mutations (mutations that affect all cells in the body) in a tumour suppressor gene designated MEN1 . (britannica.com)