• chronic
  • The review, part of the journal's special issue titled "Patient Outcomes in Rheumatology, 2011," includes the Visual Analog Scale for Pain (VAS Pain), NRS Pain, McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ), Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ), Chronic Pain Grade Scale (CPGS), SF-36 BPS, and Measure of Intermittent and Constant Osteoarthritis Pain (ICOAP). (apta.org)
  • Backstory: I've been suffering with chronic pain for the past 5 months which is made worse when I exercise so I've had to severely scale back what I do, so I'm on the Perricone diet to compensate for my now sedentary lifestyle. (wordpress.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to compare the levels of Substance P in saliva, in patients with severe chronic low back pain and in subjects without it. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Chronic pain affects more than 50 million Americans per year. (blogspot.com)
  • Many primary conditions, whether acute (such as injury), recurring (such as migraine), or chronic (such as arthritis) are significantly complicated by comorbid pain. (blogspot.com)
  • Chronic pain is widely believed to represent a disease itself, causing long-term detrimental physiologic changes and requiring unique assessments and treatments. (blogspot.com)
  • Proposals that seek to improve the understanding of the causes, costs, and societal effects of both acute and chronic pain and the relationships between the two are highly encouraged. (blogspot.com)
  • Additionally, proposals that link such understandings to the development of better approaches to therapeutic interventions, including complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) interventions, and management of acute and chronic pain are in keeping with the current translational focus of NIH and are encouraged. (blogspot.com)
  • For research purposes, and for more detailed pain measurement in clinical practice, the review suggested use of VAS or NRS for each type of typical pain related to endometriosis (dysmenorrhea, deep dyspareunia and non-menstrual chronic pelvic pain), combined with the clinical global impression (CGI) and a quality of life scale. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nearly half of those affected have chronic pelvic pain, while in 70% pain occurs during menstruation. (wikipedia.org)
  • pain may get worse over time (progressive pain), also lower back pains linked to the pelvis chronic pelvic pain - typically accompanied by lower back pain or abdominal pain dyspareunia - painful sex dysuria - urinary urgency, frequency, and sometimes painful voiding Compared with women with superficial endometriosis, those with deep disease appear to be more likely to report shooting rectal pain and a sense of their insides being pulled down. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pain can be acute, recurrent, chronic or a combination of these. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1996
  • The NIH Pain Consortium was established in 1996 to enhance pain research and promote collaboration among researchers across the many NIH ICs that have programs and activities addressing pain. (blogspot.com)
  • patient's
  • An activity monitoring system measures the effectiveness of pain management using using data from motion or activity sensors attached to the patient's body to compute measures of exertion level of a patient. (google.com)
  • The patient's walking gait smoothness and walking gait stability are also graded as indicators of pain management effectiveness. (google.com)
  • Assessing
  • Premise 2: Vascular occlusion testing measures microcirculatory dysfunction NIRS measurement of peripheral tissue oxygen saturation (StO2), combined with a reproducible ischemia-reperfusion challenge to induce reactive hyperemia (vascular occlusion testing - VOT), has been described as a valid and reliable method for assessing microcirculatory dysfunction (De Backer et al. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • For mice at least, the GS has been shown to be a highly accurate, repeatable and reliable means of assessing pain requiring only a short period of training for the observer. (wikipedia.org)
  • In mice, the GS offers a means of assessing post-operative pain that is as effective as manual behavioural-based scoring, without the limitations of such approaches. (wikipedia.org)
  • Assessing a child's pain based on the judgement of their parents or caregivers may lead to underestimation, as there is a widespread tendency for people to underestimate others' pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • postoperative
  • Facial grimacing by mice after undergoing laparotomy surgery indicates postoperative pain lasts for 36 to 48 h (and at relatively high levels for 8 to 12 h) with relative exacerbation during the early dark (active) photo-phase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, the grimacing indicates that buprenorphine is fully efficacious at recommended doses against early postoperative pain, but carprofen and ketoprofen are efficacious only at doses much higher than currently recommended: acetaminophen is not efficacious. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study in 2014 examined postoperative pain in mice following surgical induction of myocardial infarction. (wikipedia.org)
  • facial
  • The facial expression of the animals is sometimes referred to as the pain face. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2010, a team of researchers successfully developed the first method to assess pain using changes in facial expression in any non-human animal species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Analgesia
  • Comparison of Ultrasonography-guided Bilateral Intercostal Nerve Blocks and Conventional Patient-controlled Intravenous Analgesia for Pain Control After the Nuss Procedure in. (lww.com)
  • severe
  • The pain can range from mild to severe cramping or stabbing pain that occurs on both sides of the pelvis, in the lower back and rectal area, and even down the legs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The amount of pain a woman feels correlates weakly with the extent or stage (1 through 4) of endometriosis, with some women having little or no pain despite having extensive endometriosis or endometriosis with scarring, while other women may have severe pain even though they have only a few small areas of endometriosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Severe pain as a child is associated with higher reports of pain in adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • inflammation
  • Recent clinical investigations have suggested that the cause of abnormal pain in complex regional pain syndrome could be ischemia and inflammation, due to poor blood flow to deep tissues from microvascular pathology. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This may further lead to swelling, which triggers inflammation with the activation of cytokines, which results in pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • scales
  • Pain scales are based on trust, cartoons (behavioral), or imaginary data. (wikipedia.org)
  • These advantages extend to measurement instruments made up from combinations of visual analogue scales, such as semantic differentials. (wikipedia.org)
  • Interval level measurement with visual analogue scales in Internet-based research: VAS Generator" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • effectiveness
  • The effectiveness of a particular pain management stimulation parameter set is based on the statistics accumulated over a period of time, for example one hour. (google.com)
  • It is used in basic pain research and to test the effectiveness of analgetics by observing the reaction to gradually increasing pressure on an inflamed paw. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effectiveness of the GS at identifying pain was compared with a traditional welfare scoring system based on behavioural, clinical and procedure-specific criteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • abnormal
  • The pathophysiology of CRPS-1 is unknown yet a considerable number of studies suggest that the fundamental cause of abnormal pain is due to microvascular pathology of deep tissues. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • behavioral
  • New and innovative advances are needed in every area of pain research, from the micro perspective of molecular sciences to the macro perspective of behavioral/social sciences. (blogspot.com)
  • treatments
  • Treatments can vary among health care providers according to providers' personalities, cultures, beliefs and acceptance of pain in children. (wikipedia.org)
  • The suggested treatments for pain do not always resolve the problem, and in some cases, treatments and medications for pain actually cause pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • increases
  • Pain also increases the release of anti-inflammatory steroids that reduce the ability to fight infection, increase the metabolic rate and affect healing. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • In presenting new pain findings, the April 2006 NIH Pain Consortium symposium "Advances in Pain Research" reiterated this need for an ongoing multidisciplinary research agenda that will ultimately lead to the prevention or effective treatment of unwanted pain. (blogspot.com)
  • The NIH Pain Consortium requests research on all conditions in which pain is a prominent feature. (blogspot.com)
  • prevention
  • Anticipation of pain and distress can guide pain prevention plan before treatment based on past reports of pain associated with the medical procedure. (wikipedia.org)
  • response
  • Measurement of this hyperemic response using NIRS has been demonstrated to be a feasible non-invasive method of quantifying microcirculatory function. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • 1997) describe the use of a CO2 laser or a contact thermode to heat the skin and elicit a pain response. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Randall-Selitto test or paw pressure test is a technique for the measurement of the pain response in animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pain is deemed to be present if the animal starts to exhibit the flight or struggle response. (wikipedia.org)
  • Causes
  • 2010) have theorized that the resulting microcirculatory dysfunction causes a persistent inflammatory state which is then responsible for pain generation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • There are multiple causes of pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • quality
  • Pain often results in disability and, even when not disabling, it has a profound effect on the quality of life. (blogspot.com)
  • In the hospitalized patient, pain may be associated with increased length of stay, longer recovery time, and poorer patient outcomes, which in turn have health care quality and cost implications. (blogspot.com)
  • method
  • Harvard Medical School Professor and Massachusetts General Hospital Anaesthetist Henry K. Beecher (1957) expressed skepticism about this method of measuring pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some cases, the best method to prevent and relieve pain is to build self-esteem. (wikipedia.org)
  • skin
  • They found that most people expressed a pain sensation when the skin temperature reached 113 °F (45 °C). They also found that after the skin temperature reached 152 °F (67 °C), the pain sensations did not intensify even if the heat was increased. (wikipedia.org)
  • management
  • Inadequate pain management in children can lead to psycho-social consequences, including lack of interest in food, apathy, sleep problems, anxiety, avoidance of discussions about health, fear, hopelessness and powerlessness. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • Throughout the world, well-known tall structures such as the Empire State Building (449 m or 1,473 ft) are often used as comparative measurements of height. (wikipedia.org)
  • Minor invasive procedures often do not include a treatment plan for consequent pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • possible
  • Individuals with technical expertise and experience are more likely to minimize the pain as much as possible. (wikipedia.org)