• behaviors
  • When oxytocin enters the bloodstream, it affects the uterus and lactation, but when it is released into certain parts of the brain, it can impact emotional, cognitive, and social behaviors. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • One review of research into oxytocin states that the hormone's impact on "pro-social behaviors" and emotional responses contributes to relaxation, trust, and psychological stability. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Perhaps the important task of regulating the interaction between social and agonistic behaviors is managed, in part, by interactions between two related neurochemical systems that incorporate oxytocin and vasopressin in their functions. (bio.net)
  • For example, oxytocin is important for a variety of positive social behaviors, including the regulation of maternal-infant interactions. (bio.net)
  • On the basis of the literature on the functions of these hormones and our own recent findings, we propose that dynamic interactions between oxytocin and vasopressin are components of a larger system which integrates the neuroendocrine and autonomic changes associated with mammalian social behaviors and the concurrent regulation of the stress axis. (bio.net)
  • Oxytocin is associated with behaviors involving contact with the child. (wikipedia.org)
  • Role of Oxytocin
  • In total, Campbell authored and co-authored more than 80 scientific papers on a broad range of topics including: the role of oxytocin in human behaviour, the measurement of life history strategies, aggression in intimate partnerships, the 'Dark Triad' of personality traits, competition between women, perceptions of one-night stands areas of dispute and agreement between feminism and evolutionary psychology, and even back pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • In humans, oxytocin is involved in social recognition and bonding, and might be involved in the formation of trust between people (Kosfeld 2005). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • In humans, oxytocin is released during orgasm in both sexes. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • A fascinating new paper by Gordon and colleagues reports the first longitudinal data on oxytocin levels during the initiation of parenting in humans. (elsevier.com)
  • The article is "Oxytocin and the Development of Parenting in Humans" by Ilanit Gordon, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, James F. Leckman, and Ruth Feldman. (elsevier.com)
  • The Leydig cells in some species have been shown to possess the biosynthetic machinery to manufacture testicular oxytocin de novo, to be specific, in rats (which can synthesize vitamin C endogenously), and in guinea pigs, which, like humans, require an exogenous source of vitamin C (ascorbate) in their diets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nasal administration: Oxytocin is a peptide that is effectively distributed to the brain when administered intranasally via a nasal spray, after which it reliably crosses the blood-brain barrier and exhibits psychoactive effects in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • brain
  • Brain oxytocin also appears to reduce stress responses, including anxiety. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Also, oxytocin has been known to affect the brain by regulating circadian homeostasis, such as a person's body temperature, activity level, and wakefulness (Kraft 2007). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Oxytocin, Zak says, "seems to control the balance between self and others in the brain . (webmd.com)
  • We examine the developmental timeline of the cortical oxytocin system as demonstrated by RNA, autoradiographic binding, and protein immunohistochemical studies, and describe how that might shape brain development and behavior. (springer.com)
  • Endogenous oxytocin concentrations in the brain have been found to be as much as 1000-fold higher than peripheral levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has yet to be determined whether LOT-1 possesses improved blood-brain-barrier permeability relative to oxytocin. (wikipedia.org)
  • I.D. Neumann, R.K. Liedtke, M. Ludwig, R. Langraf: Intranasally applied Oxytocin: Brain uptake and effects on neuronal functions and emotionality Summary in: International Society of PsychoNeuroEndocrinology (ISPNE) XXXI. (wikipedia.org)
  • lactation
  • Oxytocin acts as a chemical messenger and stimulates maternal bonding, while also stimulating the uterus to contract during child birth and lactation to occur after childbirth. (reference.com)
  • Thus, although oxytocin release is stimulated by birth and lactation in mothers, it appears that other aspects of parenthood serve to stimulate oxytocin release in fathers. (elsevier.com)
  • Intravenous infusion (IV) of oxytocin is often used to induce labor and enhance milk lactation during postpartum care. (wikipedia.org)
  • stimulate
  • By chance, sodium ascorbate by itself was found to stimulate the production of oxytocin from ovarian tissue over a range of concentrations in a dose-dependent manner. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sexual activity has been found to stimulate the release of oxytocin, and it appears to have a role in erection and orgasm. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Oxytocin is also used in veterinary medicine to facilitate birth and to stimulate milk release. (wikipedia.org)
  • To help with breastfeeding: Oxytocin is sometimes prescribed for mothers to stimulate breast milk production to help with feeding their baby. (wikipedia.org)
  • Synthetic
  • Oxytocin injection (synthetic) is contraindicated in any of the following conditions: Substantial cephalopelvic disproportion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Syntocinon, short for 'synthetic oxytocin', was first introduced by the Swiss pharmaceutical company Sandoz in 1956. (wikipedia.org)
  • stimulates
  • Oxytocin is further released during labour when the fetus stimulates the cervix and vagina, and it is believed that it plays a major role in the bonding of a mother to her infant and in the establishment of maternal behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neumann
  • According to Slattery and Neumann, the oxytocin system of mothers experiencing PPD may have altered activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Annual Meeting 2000, Melbourne R. K. Liedtke, R. Landgraf, I. D. Neumann, Intranasally applied Oxytocin: A novel route of administration? (wikipedia.org)
  • mothers
  • At both time-points, fathers' oxytocin levels were not different from levels observed in mothers. (elsevier.com)
  • Oxytocin was higher in mothers who provided more affectionate parenting, such as more gazing at the infant, expression of positive affect, and affectionate touch. (elsevier.com)
  • induce
  • To induce labor: An intravenous infusion of oxytocin is used to induce labor and to support labor in case of slow childbirth if the Oxytocin Challenge Test (OCT) fail. (wikipedia.org)
  • cognitive
  • Many recent studies have implicated oxytocin in cognitive processes such as processing of sensory stimuli, social recognition, social memory, and fear. (springer.com)
  • formulation
  • Turing Pharmaceuticals was launched in February 2015 by Martin Shkreli with the acquisition of three major assets from an orphan drug developer called Retrophin: an intranasal formulation of ketamine, an oxytocin nasal solution, and Vecamyl. (wikipedia.org)
  • brain's
  • Valentina Colonnello, Ph.D, and Markus Heinrichs, Ph.D., found that oxytocin can sharpen the brain's self-other differentiation - a function that has been shown to play a crucial role in social bonding, successful social interactions and the tolerance of others. (psychcentral.com)
  • vesicles
  • the endings contain large numbers of oxytocin-containing vesicles, which are released by exocytosis when the nerve terminals are depolarised. (wikipedia.org)
  • doses
  • Oxytocin is relatively safe when used at recommended doses, and side effects are uncommon. (wikipedia.org)
  • Injection: Clinical doses of oxytocin is given by injection either into a muscle or into a vein to cause contraction of the uterus. (wikipedia.org)
  • prairie voles
  • Bales KL, Carter CS (2003a) Developmental exposure to oxytocin facilitates partner preferences in male prairie voles ( Microtus ochrogaster ). (springer.com)
  • Bales KL, Pfeifer LA, Carter CS (2004) Sex differences and developmental effects of manipulations of oxytocin on alloparenting and anxiety in prairie voles. (springer.com)
  • social
  • Oxytocin also has social functions. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Oxytocin appears to play a role in social interaction and relationships between people. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Oxytocin to Improve Social Cues? (webmd.com)
  • Other animal studies have shown that oxytocin plays a role in bonding and social relationships, helping to explain why some animals are highly social and form long-lasting bonds, according to researcher Larry Young, PhD, of Emory University in Atlanta. (webmd.com)
  • In adult animals, oxytocin may facilitate both social contact and selective social interactions associated with social attachment and pair bonding, and it participates in the regulation of parasympathetic functions. (bio.net)
  • 4. Oxytocin, Autism & Social Phobia? (slideshare.net)
  • However, oxytocin does seem to facilitate learning and memory specifically for social information. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lipo-oxytocin-1, a Novel Oxytocin Analog Conjugated with Two Palmitoyl Groups, Has Long-Lasting Effects on Anxiety-Related Behavior and Social Avoidance in CD157 Knockout Mice" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)