• placebo
  • They were observed twice, once after oxytocin administration and again after placebo administration. (redorbit.com)
  • In this latest study, researchers at the University of Amsterdam gave 60 male participants either a dose of oxytocin or placebo. (upi.com)
  • It really is very subtle," says Young, noting that the size of the difference between oxytocin and placebo was small. (time.com)
  • The fact that these biases are only seen in men when under the influence of oxytocin - not placebo - may even hold lessons for those who want to stay faithful. (time.com)
  • behavior
  • The infants were also observed to see if oxytocin effects on the parental behavior would affect related physiological and behavioral processes in the infant. (redorbit.com)
  • In the oxytocin conditions, key parenting behavior, including father touch and social reciprocity, increased but infant social behavior, including social gaze and exploratory behavior, increased as well," explained Feldman in a statement . (redorbit.com)
  • The receptors for oxytocin (OXTR) have genetic differences with varied effects on individual behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lipo-oxytocin-1, a Novel Oxytocin Analog Conjugated with Two Palmitoyl Groups, Has Long-Lasting Effects on Anxiety-Related Behavior and Social Avoidance in CD157 Knockout Mice" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Oxytocin is further released during labour when the fetus stimulates the cervix and vagina, and it is believed that it plays a major role in the bonding of a mother to her infant and in the establishment of maternal behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • neurosecretory
  • Amastatin, bestatin (ubenimex), leupeptin, and puromycin have been found to inhibit the enzymatic degradation of oxytocin, though they also inhibit the degradation of various other peptides, such as vasopressin, met-enkephalin, and dynorphin A. In the hypothalamus, oxytocin is made in magnocellular neurosecretory cells of the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei, and is stored in Herring bodies at the axon terminals in the posterior pituitary. (wikipedia.org)
  • Secretion of oxytocin from the neurosecretory nerve endings is regulated by the electrical activity of the oxytocin cells in the hypothalamus. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • Dogs release oxytocin - the chemical found in humans who are. (nypost.com)
  • In humans, oxytocin is involved in social recognition and bonding, and might be involved in the formation of trust between people (Kosfeld 2005). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • In humans, oxytocin is released during orgasm in both sexes. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The Leydig cells in some species have been shown to possess the biosynthetic machinery to manufacture testicular oxytocin de novo, to be specific, in rats (which can synthesize vitamin C endogenously), and in guinea pigs, which, like humans, require an exogenous source of vitamin C (ascorbate) in their diets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neumann
  • According to Slattery and Neumann, the oxytocin system of mothers experiencing PPD may have altered activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Annual Meeting 2000, Melbourne R. K. Liedtke, R. Landgraf, I. D. Neumann, Intranasally applied Oxytocin: A novel route of administration? (wikipedia.org)
  • increases
  • A new study from Bar-Ilan University reveals that oxytocin administrated to fathers increases their parental engagement, with parallel effects observed in the children as well. (redorbit.com)
  • We found that after oxytocin administration, fathers' salivary oxytocin rose dramatically, more than 10 fold, but moreover, similar increases were found in the infants' oxytocin. (redorbit.com)
  • Once men receive oxytocin, the attractiveness of the partner increases compared to the attractiveness value recorded for other females," says Hurlemann. (time.com)
  • Sexual intimacy, as well as orgasms, increases levels of the hormone oxytocin, also known as "the love hormone", which helps people bond and build trust. (wikipedia.org)
  • Increases in oxytocin following high contact interactions have been shown in correlational studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • maternal
  • A prospective study of 78 neonates provides evidence for an association between maternal oxytocin infusion and neonatal jaundice. (bmj.com)
  • polypeptide
  • Vincent du Vigneaud was awarded the 1955 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the total synthesis of the natural polypeptide oxytocin and vasopressin, reported in 1954, with the citation: "for his work on biochemically important sulphur compounds, especially for the first synthesis of a polypeptide hormone. (wikipedia.org)
  • dose
  • In women, a single dose of estradiol has been found to be sufficient to increase circulating oxytocin concentrations. (wikipedia.org)
  • milk
  • Oxytocin works by traveling through the blood stream to the mammary gland and then promoting the production and release of milk. (wisegeek.com)
  • facilitate
  • In adult animals, oxytocin may facilitate both social contact and selective social interactions associated with social attachment and pair bonding, and it participates in the regulation of parasympathetic functions. (bio.net)
  • The ability of oxytocin to facilitate social bonding for human females in both marital and parenting relationships has been documented in a large body of previous research. (redorbit.com)
  • Oxytocin is also used as a medication to facilitate childbirth. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, oxytocin does seem to facilitate learning and memory specifically for social information. (wikipedia.org)
  • infants
  • The question arising from this study is whether there is a way to harness the 'power' of oxytocin to promote paternal engagement with their infants in families where this is a problem. (redorbit.com)
  • vesicles
  • the endings contain large numbers of oxytocin-containing vesicles, which are released by exocytosis when the nerve terminals are depolarised. (wikipedia.org)
  • father's
  • Both infant and father's salivary oxytocin levels were measured both before and several times after the drug was administered. (redorbit.com)
  • bloodstream
  • Oxytocin is released into the bloodstream as a hormone in response to stretching of the cervix and uterus during labor and with stimulation of the nipples from breastfeeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • concentrations
  • In people, plasma concentrations of oxytocin have been reported to be higher amongst people who claim to be falling in love. (denvernaturopathic.com)
  • Many of the same tissues (e.g. ovaries, testes, eyes, adrenals, placenta, thymus, pancreas) where PAM (and oxytocin by default) is found are also known to store higher concentrations of vitamin C. Oxytocin is known to be metabolized by the oxytocinase, leucyl/cystinyl aminopeptidase. (wikipedia.org)
  • synthetic
  • Oxytocin injection (synthetic) is contraindicated in any of the following conditions: Substantial cephalopelvic disproportion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Syntocinon, short for 'synthetic oxytocin', was first introduced by the Swiss pharmaceutical company Sandoz in 1956. (wikipedia.org)
  • paternal
  • Oxytocin has been shown to correlate with many aspects of paternal care, but its mechanisms and the systems involved are not fully understood. (wikipedia.org)
  • formulation
  • Turing Pharmaceuticals was launched in February 2015 by Martin Shkreli with the acquisition of three major assets from an orphan drug developer called Retrophin: an intranasal formulation of ketamine, an oxytocin nasal solution, and Vecamyl. (wikipedia.org)
  • given
  • Oxytocin can also be given to make the uterus contract and control bleeding after a delivery or a termination. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Aware that they could fudge the results -- dishonestly recording correct prediction -- for the benefit of their group, those given oxytocin at the beginning were more likely to do so. (upi.com)
  • As an example of its far-reaching effects, Zak and his colleagues have found that people given oxytocin become substantially more generous and trusting in tasks that involve sharing money with strangers. (denvernaturopathic.com)
  • In the men who were given oxytocin, the pleasure and desire regions of their brains lit up when they saw pictures of the women they loved - but not when they looked at strangers. (time.com)
  • A prior study by the same researchers, in fact, found that men in monogamous relationships who were given oxytocin actually kept a greater physical distance from an attractive research associate, compared with single men. (time.com)
  • Injection: Clinical doses of oxytocin is given by injection either into a muscle or into a vein to cause contraction of the uterus. (wikipedia.org)
  • There may also be an increased risk of a drop in blood pressure and abnormal heart beats if oxytocin is given with these general anesthetics. (wikipedia.org)