• behaviors
  • When oxytocin enters the bloodstream, it affects the uterus and lactation, but when it is released into certain parts of the brain, it can impact emotional, cognitive, and social behaviors. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • One review of research into oxytocin states that the hormone's impact on "pro-social behaviors" and emotional responses contributes to relaxation, trust, and psychological stability. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A new study, conducted by researchers at Tokyo University, has demonstrated that administering the hormone oxytocin to dogs promotes social behaviors toward both other dogs and human partners. (scoop.it)
  • Perhaps the important task of regulating the interaction between social and agonistic behaviors is managed, in part, by interactions between two related neurochemical systems that incorporate oxytocin and vasopressin in their functions. (bio.net)
  • For example, oxytocin is important for a variety of positive social behaviors, including the regulation of maternal-infant interactions. (bio.net)
  • On the basis of the literature on the functions of these hormones and our own recent findings, we propose that dynamic interactions between oxytocin and vasopressin are components of a larger system which integrates the neuroendocrine and autonomic changes associated with mammalian social behaviors and the concurrent regulation of the stress axis. (bio.net)
  • Dr. Ruth Feldman and her colleagues, Omri Weisman and Orna Zagoory-Sharon, examined oxytocin administration effects on the parent, looking for whether this administration would enhance physiological and behavioral processes that support social engagement with their infant and improve parenting behaviors. (redorbit.com)
  • Previous studies have shown increased levels of oxytocin are associated with greater empathy, lower social anxiety and other pro-social behaviors. (upi.com)
  • Oxytocin is associated with behaviors involving contact with the child. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • Dogs release oxytocin - the chemical found in humans who are. (nypost.com)
  • In humans, oxytocin is involved in social recognition and bonding, and might be involved in the formation of trust between people (Kosfeld 2005). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • In humans, oxytocin is released during orgasm in both sexes. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The Leydig cells in some species have been shown to possess the biosynthetic machinery to manufacture testicular oxytocin de novo, to be specific, in rats (which can synthesize vitamin C endogenously), and in guinea pigs, which, like humans, require an exogenous source of vitamin C (ascorbate) in their diets. (wikipedia.org)
  • maternal
  • A prospective study of 78 neonates provides evidence for an association between maternal oxytocin infusion and neonatal jaundice. (bmj.com)
  • Oxytocin is further released during labour when the fetus stimulates the cervix and vagina, and it is believed that it plays a major role in the bonding of a mother to her infant and in the establishment of maternal behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • polypeptide
  • Vincent du Vigneaud was awarded the 1955 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the total synthesis of the natural polypeptide oxytocin and vasopressin, reported in 1954, with the citation: "for his work on biochemically important sulphur compounds, especially for the first synthesis of a polypeptide hormone. (wikipedia.org)
  • dose
  • In this latest study, researchers at the University of Amsterdam gave 60 male participants either a dose of oxytocin or placebo. (upi.com)
  • In women, a single dose of estradiol has been found to be sufficient to increase circulating oxytocin concentrations. (wikipedia.org)
  • By chance, sodium ascorbate by itself was found to stimulate the production of oxytocin from ovarian tissue over a range of concentrations in a dose-dependent manner. (wikipedia.org)
  • The contractions should be carefully monitored if oxytocin is given after a prostaglandin dose. (wikipedia.org)
  • milk
  • Oxytocin is also used in veterinary medicine to facilitate birth and to stimulate milk release. (wikipedia.org)
  • To help with breastfeeding: Oxytocin is sometimes prescribed for mothers to stimulate breast milk production to help with feeding their baby. (wikipedia.org)
  • facilitate
  • In adult animals, oxytocin may facilitate both social contact and selective social interactions associated with social attachment and pair bonding, and it participates in the regulation of parasympathetic functions. (bio.net)
  • The ability of oxytocin to facilitate social bonding for human females in both marital and parenting relationships has been documented in a large body of previous research. (redorbit.com)
  • Oxytocin is also used as a medication to facilitate childbirth. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, oxytocin does seem to facilitate learning and memory specifically for social information. (wikipedia.org)
  • behavior
  • The infants were also observed to see if oxytocin effects on the parental behavior would affect related physiological and behavioral processes in the infant. (redorbit.com)
  • In the oxytocin conditions, key parenting behavior, including father touch and social reciprocity, increased but infant social behavior, including social gaze and exploratory behavior, increased as well," explained Feldman in a statement . (redorbit.com)
  • The receptors for oxytocin (OXTR) have genetic differences with varied effects on individual behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lipo-oxytocin-1, a Novel Oxytocin Analog Conjugated with Two Palmitoyl Groups, Has Long-Lasting Effects on Anxiety-Related Behavior and Social Avoidance in CD157 Knockout Mice" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • contractions
  • Under medical supervision, an oxytocin injection is sometimes used to start birth contractions or strengthen them during labor, and it helps reduce bleeding after delivery. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • increases
  • A new study from Bar-Ilan University reveals that oxytocin administrated to fathers increases their parental engagement, with parallel effects observed in the children as well. (redorbit.com)
  • We found that after oxytocin administration, fathers' salivary oxytocin rose dramatically, more than 10 fold, but moreover, similar increases were found in the infants' oxytocin. (redorbit.com)
  • Increases in oxytocin following high contact interactions have been shown in correlational studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • vesicles
  • the endings contain large numbers of oxytocin-containing vesicles, which are released by exocytosis when the nerve terminals are depolarised. (wikipedia.org)
  • father's
  • Both infant and father's salivary oxytocin levels were measured both before and several times after the drug was administered. (redorbit.com)
  • bloodstream
  • Oxytocin is released into the bloodstream as a hormone in response to stretching of the cervix and uterus during labor and with stimulation of the nipples from breastfeeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • levels
  • It led some experts to speculate that supplementing the normally low oxytocin levels in people with autism disorders may help their social interactions. (latimes.com)
  • Is there any correlation between increased oxytocin levels and more vivid dreams and/or greater awareness in the dream state? (dreamviews.com)
  • The GG allele is connected with oxytocin levels in people. (wikipedia.org)
  • promotes
  • The study, published Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, is the first to demonstrate the effects of oxytocin -- a hormone that promotes mother-infant bonding, socialization, trust and cooperation -- in people diagnosed with Asperger's. (latimes.com)
  • synthetic
  • Oxytocin injection (synthetic) is contraindicated in any of the following conditions: Substantial cephalopelvic disproportion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Syntocinon, short for 'synthetic oxytocin', was first introduced by the Swiss pharmaceutical company Sandoz in 1956. (wikipedia.org)
  • paternal
  • The question arising from this study is whether there is a way to harness the 'power' of oxytocin to promote paternal engagement with their infants in families where this is a problem. (redorbit.com)
  • Oxytocin has been shown to correlate with many aspects of paternal care, but its mechanisms and the systems involved are not fully understood. (wikipedia.org)
  • formulation
  • Turing Pharmaceuticals was launched in February 2015 by Martin Shkreli with the acquisition of three major assets from an orphan drug developer called Retrophin: an intranasal formulation of ketamine, an oxytocin nasal solution, and Vecamyl. (wikipedia.org)
  • doses
  • Injection: Clinical doses of oxytocin is given by injection either into a muscle or into a vein to cause contraction of the uterus. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • People with Asperger's syndrome, a mild form of autism, dramatically improve their social learning skills and spend more time gazing at pictures of faces after inhaling the social-bonding hormone oxytocin, researchers have found. (latimes.com)
  • Many of the same tissues (e.g. ovaries, testes, eyes, adrenals, placenta, thymus, pancreas) where PAM (and oxytocin by default) is found are also known to store higher concentrations of vitamin C. Oxytocin is known to be metabolized by the oxytocinase, leucyl/cystinyl aminopeptidase. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some mammals, oxytocin receptors are also found in the kidney and heart. (wikipedia.org)