• Placental
  • Placental mammals, such as humans, have a chorioallantoic placenta that forms from the chorion and allantois. (wikipedia.org)
  • Increasing levels of blood pressure can lead to placental abruption, in which the placenta detaches from the uterus, stillbirth or permanent medical disorders, including cerebral palsy , in infants. (marcianolegal.com)
  • However, in animals with hemochorial placental structures such as rodents and primates, the vascular resistance in the placenta was low, leading scientists to the conclusion that the greatest resistance to maternal blood flow is found elsewhere in the maternal vascular system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physiologically, research has linked pre-eclampsia to the following physiologic changes: alterations in the interaction between the maternal immune response and the placenta, placental injury, endothelial cell injury, altered vascular reactivity, oxidative stress, imbalance among vasoactive substances, decreased intravascular volume, and disseminated intravascular coagulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • This abnormally implanted placenta may result in poor uterine and placental perfusion, yielding a state of hypoxia and increased oxidative stress and the release of anti-angiogenic proteins along with inflammatory mediators into the maternal plasma. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • The word placenta comes from the Latin word for cake, from Greek πλακόεντα/πλακοῦντα plakóenta/plakoúnta, accusative of πλακόεις/πλακούς plakóeis/plakoús, "flat, slab-like", in reference to its round, flat appearance in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans, the placenta averages 22 cm (9 inch) in length and 2-2.5 cm (0.8-1 inch) in thickness, with the center being the thickest, and the edges being the thinnest. (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans, the placenta usually has a disc shape, but size varies vastly between different mammalian species. (wikipedia.org)
  • lungs
  • Iron deficiency anemia - the lack of iron in the blood, which is necessary to make hemoglobin, the part of blood that distributes oxygen from the lungs to tissues in the body. (nyhq.org)
  • found
  • Folic acid - a nutrient found in some green leafy vegetables, nuts, beans, citrus fruits, fortified breakfast cereals, and some vitamin supplements. (nyhq.org)
  • lack
  • It is still believed that lack of oxygen in utero might be responsible for some of the known congenital cardiovascular malformations. (hindawi.com)
  • form
  • Vessels branch out over the surface of the placenta and further divide to form a network covered by a thin layer of cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the junction of umbilical cord and placenta, the umbilical arteries branch radially to form chorionic arteries. (wikipedia.org)