• humans
  • The word placenta comes from the Latin word for cake, from Greek πλακόεντα/πλακοῦντα plakóenta/plakoúnta, accusative of πλακόεις/πλακούς plakóeis/plakoús, "flat, slab-like", in reference to its round, flat appearance in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans, the placenta averages 22 cm (9 inch) in length and 2-2.5 cm (0.8-1 inch) in thickness, with the center being the thickest, and the edges being the thinnest. (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans, the placenta usually has a disc shape, but size varies vastly between different mammalian species. (wikipedia.org)
  • long-term
  • IUGR is associated with a wide range of short- and long-term neurodevelopmental disorders white matter effects - In postpartum studies of infants, it was shown that there was a decrease of the fractal dimension of the white matter in IUGR infants at one year corrected age. (wikipedia.org)
  • further
  • Vessels branch out over the surface of the placenta and further divide to form a network covered by a thin layer of cells. (wikipedia.org)