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  • 2016
  • Future Market Insights has announced the addition of the "Magnesium Oxide Market: Global Industry Analysis and Opportunity Assessment, 2016 - 2026' report to their offering. (sbwire.com)
  • Valley Cottage, NY -- ( SBWIRE ) -- 11/13/2017 -- Global demand for magnesium oxide is slated to reach 11,182 KT in 2016, representing market value of US$ 5.05 Bn. (sbwire.com)
  • The market in the region is estimated to account for approximately 59% share of the overall magnesium oxide market value in 2016. (sbwire.com)
  • fertilizer
  • On the other hand, growth opportunities are expected to arise from increasing use of magnesium oxide for agricultural (fertilizer, animal feed etc.), water treatment and construction industry-related applications. (sbwire.com)
  • materials
  • Some of the major refractories manufacturing companies have adopted a backward integration strategy and acquiring magnesium oxide manufacturing companies so as to ensure cost savings and a steady supply of raw materials. (sbwire.com)
  • Magnesium
  • Magnesium oxide ( Mg O ), or magnesia , is a white hygroscopic solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase and is a source of magnesium (see also oxide ). (wikipedia.org)
  • While "magnesium oxide" normally refers to MgO, magnesium peroxide MgO 2 is also known as a compound. (wikipedia.org)
  • Magnesium oxide is produced by the calcination of magnesium carbonate or magnesium hydroxide . (wikipedia.org)
  • Calcining at different temperatures produces magnesium oxide of different reactivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a construction material, magnesium oxide wallboards have several attractive characteristics: fire resistance, termite resistance, moisture resistance, mold and mildew resistance, and strength. (wikipedia.org)
  • Magnesium oxide is used extensively in the soil and groundwater remediation, wastewater treatment, drinking water treatment, air emissions treatment, and waste treatment industries for its acid buffering capacity and related effectiveness in stabilizing dissolved heavy metal species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Magnesium oxide , more commonly called magnesia , is a versatile mineral that when used as part of a cement mixture and cast into thin cement panels under proper curing procedures and practices can be used in residential and commercial building construction . (wikipedia.org)
  • As an environmentally friendly building material, magnesia board has strength and resistance due to very strong bonds between magnesium and oxygen atoms that form magnesium oxide crystals (with the chemical formula MgO). (wikipedia.org)
  • In a carbothermic reaction, heating with carbon converts the oxide into zinc vapor at a much lower temperature (around 950 °C). ZnO + C → Zn(Vapor) + CO Zinc oxide can react violently with aluminium and magnesium powders, with chlorinated rubber and linseed oil on heating causing fire and explosion hazard. (wikipedia.org)
  • Magnesium oxide was historically known as magnesia alba (literally, the white mineral from magnesia - other sources give magnesia alba as MgCO3), to differentiate it from magnesia negra, a black mineral containing what is now known as manganese. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mg2+ + Ca(OH)2 → Mg(OH)2 + Ca2+ Calcining at different temperatures produces magnesium oxide of different reactivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • In medicine, magnesium oxide is used for relief of heartburn and sour stomach, as an antacid, magnesium supplement, and as a short-term laxative. (wikipedia.org)
  • Side effects of magnesium oxide may include nausea and cramping. (wikipedia.org)
  • hydroxides
  • The surface of most metals consists of oxides and hydroxides in the presence of air. (wikipedia.org)
  • As for most alkali metal oxides, the best synthesis of Rb2O does not entail oxidation of the metal but reduction of the anhydrous nitrate: 10 Rb + 2 RbNO3 → 6 Rb2O + N2 Typical for alkali metal hydroxides, RbOH cannot be dehydrated to the oxide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phosphine oxides are generated as a by-product of the Wittig reaction: R3PCR'2 + R"2CO → R3PO + R'2C=CR"2 Another route to phosphine oxides is the thermolysis of phosphonium hydroxides: [PPhl + NaOH → Ph3PO + NaCl + PhH In the laboratory, phosphine oxides are usually generated by the oxidation, often accidentally, of tertiary phosphines: R3P + 1/2 O2 → R3PO Basic phosphines, such as trialkyl derivatives, are prone to this reaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Iron oxides and oxide-hydroxides are wide spread in nature, play an important role in many geological and biological processes, and are widely used by humans, e.g., as iron ores, pigments, catalysts, in thermite (see the diagram) and hemoglobin. (wikipedia.org)
  • chemistry
  • Available either in small sizes as button cells , where the amount of silver used is minimal and not a significant contributor to the product cost, or in large custom-designed batteries, where the superior performance of the silver-oxide chemistry outweighs cost considerations. (wikipedia.org)
  • A related rechargeable secondary battery usually called a silver-zinc battery uses a variation of silver-oxide chemistry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Experimental new silver-zinc technology (different to silver-oxide) may provide up to 40% more run time than lithium-ion batteries and also features a water-based chemistry that is free from the thermal runaway and flammability problems that have plagued the lithium-ion alternatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • In organic chemistry, an allene oxide is an epoxide of an allene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nitrous
  • Nitrous oxide ("laughing gas") is a potent greenhouse gas produced by soil bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • At elevated temperatures, nitrous oxide is a powerful oxidizer similar to molecular oxygen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nitrous oxide has significant medical uses, especially in surgery and dentistry, for its anaesthetic and pain reducing effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nitrous oxide occurs in small amounts in the atmosphere, but recently has been found to be a major scavenger of stratospheric ozone, with an impact comparable to that of CFCs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nitrous oxide may be used as an oxidizer in a rocket motor. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a 1914 patent, American rocket pioneer Robert Goddard suggested nitrous oxide and gasoline as possible propellants for a liquid-fuelled rocket. (wikipedia.org)
  • The combination of nitrous oxide with hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene fuel has been used by SpaceShipOne and others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nitrous oxide also may be used in a monopropellant rocket. (wikipedia.org)
  • While noticeably less than the Isp available from hydrazine thrusters (monopropellant or bipropellant with dinitrogen tetroxide), the decreased toxicity makes nitrous oxide an option worth investigating. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nitrous oxide is said to deflagrate at approximately 600 °C (1,112 °F) at a pressure of 21 atmospheres. (wikipedia.org)
  • In vehicle racing, nitrous oxide (often referred to as just "nitrous") allows the engine to burn more fuel by providing more oxygen than air alone, resulting in a more powerful combustion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nitrous oxide is a strong oxidant, roughly equivalent to hydrogen peroxide, and much stronger than oxygen gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • the evaporation and expansion of liquid nitrous oxide in the intake manifold causes a large drop in intake charge temperature, resulting in a denser charge, further allowing more air/fuel mixture to enter the cylinder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sometimes nitrous oxide is injected into (or prior to) the intake manifold, whereas other systems directly inject, right before the cylinder (direct port injection) to increase power. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the major problems of using nitrous oxide in a reciprocating engine is that it can produce enough power to damage or destroy the engine. (wikipedia.org)
  • mixture
  • The silver-zinc battery is manufactured in a fully discharged condition and has the opposite electrode composition, the cathode being of metallic silver, while the anode is a mixture of zinc oxide and pure zinc powders. (wikipedia.org)
  • in 1971, by heating a mixture of oxides under high pressure oxygen, or potassium perchlorate. (wikipedia.org)
  • reacts
  • It is nearly insoluble in water, but it will dissolve in most acids, such as hydrochloric acid: ZnO + 2 HCl → ZnCl2 + H2O Solid zinc oxide will also dissolve in alkalis to give soluble zincates: ZnO + 2 NaOH + H2O → Na2[Zn(OH)ZnO reacts slowly with fatty acids in oils to produce the corresponding carboxylates, such as oleate or stearate. (wikipedia.org)
  • K2O is a basic oxide and reacts with water violently to produce the caustic potassium hydroxide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Upon heating, Rb2O reacts with hydrogen to rubidium hydroxide and rubidium hydride: Rb2O + H2 → RbOH + RbH For laboratory use, RbOH is usually used in place of the oxide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Instead, the hydroxide can be decomposed to the oxide (by reduction of the hydrogen ion) using Rb metal: 2 Rb + 2 RbOH → 2 Rb2O + H2 Metallic Rb reacts with O2, as indicated by its tendency to rapidly tarnish in air. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sulfur
  • Some well characterized examples include sulfur monoxide (SO), its dimer S2O2, and a series of cyclic sulfur oxides, SnOx (x = 1, 2), based on cyclic Sn rings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Interest in the lower sulfur oxides has increased because of the need to understand terrestrial atmospheric sulfur pollution and the finding that the extraterrestrial atmospheres of Io, one of Jupiter's moons, and Venus contain significant amounts of sulfur oxides. (wikipedia.org)
  • The two dipole moment components are μa = 0.875D and μb = 1.18D This species decomposes to give a polymeric sulfur oxides ("PSO's") with the approximate formula [S3O]n. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sulfur dioxide, the principal oxide of sulfur, is emitted from volcanoes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some polymeric oxides depolymerize when heated to give molecules, examples being selenium dioxide and sulfur trioxide. (wikipedia.org)
  • compound
  • Physicists from the RIKEN Advanced Science Institute, Wako, the University of Tokyo and Osaka University have now discovered another intriguing phenomenon in the newly synthesized oxide compound LiRh2O4, which could lead to a more efficient generation of electricity from heat. (innovations-report.com)
  • Potassium oxide (K2O) is an ionic compound of potassium and oxygen. (wikipedia.org)
  • This pale yellow solid, the simplest oxide of potassium, is a rarely encountered, highly reactive compound. (wikipedia.org)
  • The parent compound phosphine oxide (H3PO) is unstable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Barium oxide, BaO, is a white hygroscopic non-flammable compound. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dimethylphosphine oxide is an organophosphorus compound with the formula (CH3)2P(O)H. It is a colorless liquid that soluble in polar organic solvents. (wikipedia.org)
  • hydrogen
  • Water is the oxide of hydrogen. (factmonster.com)
  • 2 K2O2 → 2 K2O + O2 Potassium hydroxide cannot be further dehydrated to the oxide but it can react with molten potassium to produce it, releasing hydrogen as a byproduct. (wikipedia.org)
  • cubic
  • Holmium oxide has a cubic , yet rather complex structure, with many atoms per unit cell and a large lattice constant of 1.06 nm. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] ZnO + H2S → ZnS + H2O Zinc oxide crystallizes in two main forms, hexagonal wurtzite and cubic zincblende. (wikipedia.org)
  • crystals
  • Using facilities at the National High Magnetic Field Lab at Florida State University, the research team analyzed specially grown single copper-oxide crystals to determine the critical magnetic field. (bnl.gov)
  • Typically
  • Typically the oxides of the trivalent lanthanides coexist in nature and separation of these components requires specialized methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phosphine oxides are typically (and appropriately) viewed as useless by-products in the Wittig reaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • The oxide, also called holmia , occurs as a component of the related erbium oxide mineral called erbia . (wikipedia.org)
  • Holmium oxide occurs in trace amounts in the minerals gadolinite , monazite , and in other rare-earth minerals . (wikipedia.org)
  • Although it occurs naturally as the mineral zincite, most zinc oxide is produced synthetically. (wikipedia.org)
  • oxidation
  • Also, the stoichiometry of ternary oxide may be changed by varying the proportions of the two components and their oxidation states. (wikipedia.org)
  • aluminium
  • A well-known example is aluminium foil, which is coated with a thin film of aluminium oxide that passivates the metal, slowing further corrosion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aluminium oxide layer can be built to greater thickness by the process of electrolytic anodising. (wikipedia.org)
  • Occurrence
  • A common occurrence in oxides, this effect explains how the crystal distorts itself to gain energy by lifting the equivalence between the different orbital electronic states, in this case favoring the yz and zx orbitals over the xy ones. (innovations-report.com)
  • zinc
  • A silver-oxide battery uses silver(I) oxide as the positive electrode ( cathode ), zinc as the negative electrode ( anode ), plus an alkaline electrolyte, usually sodium hydroxide (NaOH) or potassium hydroxide (KOH). (wikipedia.org)
  • mineral
  • A typical extraction process of holmium oxide can be simplified as follows: The mineral mixtures are crushed and ground. (wikipedia.org)
  • transition
  • Researchers in Japan have demonstrated why the material Sr2IrO4-a transition metal oxide-that was expected to be an electrical conductor is actually an insulator. (innovations-report.com)
  • For this reason, structural defects in transition metal oxides greatly influence their catalytic properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transition metal oxides are also able to undergo photo-assisted adsorption and desorption to control their semiconductivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is very little known about the surface structures of transition metal oxides, but their bulk crystal structures are well researched. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since very little is known about the surface Gibbs energy of transition metal oxides, polarity of the surface and the degree of coordinative unsaturation of a surface cation are used to compare the stabilities of different surface structures. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast, the new results indicate that some other effect must control the transition temperature in these copper-oxide superconductors, since pairing strength alone would allow a much higher transition temperature. (bnl.gov)
  • reaction
  • In comparison, using the reaction of the corresponding phosphine oxides with perchloropolysilanes such as Si2Cl6 or Si3Cl8 in benzene or chloroform, phosphines can be prepared in higher yields. (wikipedia.org)
  • R3PO + Si2Cl6 → R3P + Si2OCl6 2 R3PO + Si3Cl8 → 2 R3P + Si3O2Cl8 Deoxygenation with perchloropolysilanes or trichlorosilane requires longer reaction times and is often problematic with sterically hindered or electron-deficient phosphine oxides. (wikipedia.org)
  • Barium oxide also has use as an ethoxylation catalyst in the reaction of ethylene oxide and alcohols, which takes place between 150 and 200 °C. It is also a source of pure oxygen through heat fluctuation. (wikipedia.org)
  • reactive
  • The parent allene oxide is CH2=C(O)CH2 (CAS RN 40079-14-9), a rare and reactive species of only theoretical interest. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hydroxide is more useful, less reactive toward atmospheric moisture, and less expensive than the oxide. (wikipedia.org)
  • produces
  • Treatment of the peroxide with potassium produces the oxide: K2O2 + 2 K → 2 K2O Alternatively and more conveniently, K2O is synthesized by heating potassium nitrate with metallic potassium: 2 KNO3 + 10 K → 6 K2O + N2 Other possibility is to heat potassium peroxide at 500 °C which decomposes at that temperature giving pure potassium oxide and oxygen. (wikipedia.org)
  • characteristic
  • This structure is characteristic of oxides of heavy rare-earth elements, such as Tb 2 O 3 , Dy 2 O 3 , Er 2 O 3 , Tm 2 O 3 , Yb 2 O 3 and Lu 2 O 3 . (wikipedia.org)