• Potassium
  • Other symptoms include acute tubular necrosis, red blood cells in the urine, excess proteins in the urine, lower back pain, decreased or absent production of urine, elevated blood concentration of potassium, and acute kidney failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • The formula for the current WHO oral rehydration solution (also known as low-osmolar ORS or reduced-osmolarity ORS) is 2.6 grams (0.092 oz) salt (NaCl), 2.9 grams (0.10 oz) trisodium citrate dihydrate (C 6H 5Na 3O 7⋅2H 2O), 1.5 grams (0.053 oz) potassium chloride (KCl), 13.5 grams (0.48 oz) anhydrous glucose (C 6H 12O 6) per litre of fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kidney
  • Named after its discoverer, the German anatomist Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, the loop of Henle's main function is to create a concentration gradient in the medulla of the kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • pmol
  • This assay does not detect PTH even at concentrations of up to 2000 pmol/L. Cross-reactivity studies using various synthetic PTHrP peptides localize the antibody-binding epitope between residues 20 and 29. (biomedsearch.com)
  • urea
  • This is due to urea entering the cell down its concentration gradient, followed by water. (wikipedia.org)
  • By means of a countercurrent multiplier system, which uses electrolyte pumps, the loop of Henle creates an area of high urea concentration deep in the medulla, near the papillary duct in the collecting duct system. (wikipedia.org)
  • induce
  • In this case the cell neither swells nor shrinks because there is no concentration gradient to induce the diffusion of large amounts of water across the cell membrane. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, these factors cannot open the pore without Ca2+, though at high enough concentrations, Ca2+ alone can induce MPT. (wikipedia.org)
  • peak
  • Single and repeated dosing with NucleomaxX® resulted in peak plasma uridine concentrations 1-2 hours later of 150.9 ± 39.3 µM and 161.4 ± 31.5 µM, respectively, levels known to ameliorate mitochondrial toxicity in vitro.No adverse effects of either treatment were observed.NucleomaxX®, containing predominantly TAU, has significantly greater bioavailability than pure uridine in human subjects and may be useful in the management of mitochondrial toxicity. (nih.gov)
  • Single and repeated dosing with NucleomaxX® resulted in peak plasma uridine concentrations 1-2 hours later of 150.9 ± 39.3 µM and 161.4 ± 31.5 µM, respectively, levels known to ameliorate mitochondrial toxicity in vitro. (nih.gov)
  • Anomalous effect of permeant ion concentration on peak open probability of cardiac Na+ channels. (nih.gov)
  • tonicity
  • In other words, tonicity is the relative concentration of solutes dissolved in solution which determine the direction and extent of diffusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 300 mOsm/L fluid from the loop loses water to the higher concentration outside the loop and increases in tonicity until it reaches its maximum at the bottom of the loop. (wikipedia.org)
  • This area represents the highest concentration in the nephron, but the collecting duct can reach this same tonicity with maximum ADH effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • At baseline (t = 0 on Day 1), mean plasma uridine level was 4.7 uM, consistent with known physiologic concentrations of this nucleoside . (nih.gov)
  • blood
  • Considering that aspect, we can deduce that venous blood has a light absorption different from arterial blood (in which sanguine viscosity is greater, due to the higher concentration of CO2. (wikipedia.org)
  • open
  • This anomalous effect of permeant ion concentration, especially obvious in a mutant (F1485Q) in which fast inactivation is partially abolished, is due to an alteration of open probability. (nih.gov)