• squamous cell carc
  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma: base of tongue, vallecula, tonsil and tonsillar fossa and pillars, glossotonsillar sulcus, inferior surface of the soft palate, uvula and lateral and posterior oropharyngeal wall. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • p16 plays an important role in cell cycle regulation by decelerating cells progression from G1 phase to S phase, and therefore acts as a tumor suppressor that is implicated in the prevention of cancers, notably melanoma, oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, cervical cancer, and esophageal cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malignant
  • Chronic excess alcohol intake, or alcohol dependence, can lead to a wide range of neuropsychiatric or neurological impairment, cardiovascular disease, liver disease, and malignant neoplasms. (wikipedia.org)
  • lung
  • Carriers of germline mutations in CDKN2A have besides their high risks of melanoma also increased risks of pancreatic, lung, laryngeal and oropharyngeal cancers and tobacco smoking exacerbates carriers' susceptibility for such non-melanoma cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rate
  • While many of the genetic and epigenetic abnormalities in neoplasms are probably neutral evolution, many have been shown to increase the proliferation of the mutant cells, or decrease their rate of death (apoptosis). (wikipedia.org)