• Europeans
  • Pigmentation is one of the more obvious forms of variation in humans, particularly in Europeans where one sees more within group variation in hair and eye pigmentation than in the rest of the world. (blogspot.com)
  • This study challenges the theory that certain groups of Europeans were lactose tolerant and that this inborn ability led the community to pursue dairy farming. (blogspot.com)
  • They found that though these individuals could be classified very accurately to continental clusters, there was a significant degree of genetic overlap on the individual level, to the extent that, using 377 loci, individual Europeans were about 38% of the time more genetically similar to East Asians than to other Europeans. (wikipedia.org)
  • admixture
  • And, there were probably older, pre-Neolithic, episodes of admixture, as well, when different groups of modern humans expanded across the globa and mixed with older groups of modern humans, or, as it seems increasingly likely, with archaic humans as well. (blogspot.com)
  • This result was consistently observed in all analyses performed at k =5 using either the linkage or admixture models applied by the STRUCTURE program and was observed for all individuals that included members with diverse language dialects and states of Indian origin (see Materials and methods). (blogspot.com)
  • Analysis using a Bayesian clustering algorithm (STRUCTURE) showed grouping of individuals with similar ethnic identity without any identifier other than the AIMs genotyping and showed admixture proportions that clearly distinguished different individuals of mixed ancestry. (blogspot.com)
  • This analysis is robust to admixture, such that each piece of continental ancestry can be precisely localized within that continent. (fhid.com.au)
  • Africa
  • The possible ancient origin of the V allele in an 'out of Africa' time frame is discussed. (blogspot.com)
  • In parts of anglophone Africa, especially East Africa and in parts of the Caribbean, the term "Asian" is more commonly associated with people of South Asian origin, particularly Indians, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis and Sri Lankans. (wikipedia.org)
  • In South Africa the term Asian is used in the pan-continental sense. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to the high number of Indians in South Africa, in official documentation the designation "Indian" is used to refer to both South- and East-Asians. (wikipedia.org)
  • and smaller groups in Europe, Africa (especially South Africa), the Middle East (particularly the United Arab Emirates), east and south Asia (including Thailand and Papua New Guinea), and Latin America (like Costa Rica, esp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite
  • Despite these factors, a 2014 report from the Census Bureau reported that 12% of Asian Americans were living below the poverty line, while only 10.1% of non-Hispanic White Americans live below the poverty line. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although individual samples cannot be reliably classified into their collection of origin, the groups are statistically distinguishable despite their high similarity (FST = 0.0005, n.s. (blogspot.com)
  • Despite this, multiregionalism is still confused with polygenism, or Coon's model of racial origins, from which Wolpoff and his colleagues have distanced themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite there being a strong presence of East Asians in the United Kingdom there are considerably more South Asians, for example the 2001 Census recorded 1.05 million people of Indian origin and 247,000 of Chinese origin in the UK. (wikipedia.org)
  • haplogroups
  • 2014) "rapid diversification process of K-M526 likely occurred in Southeast Asia, with subsequent westward expansions of the ancestors of haplogroups R and Q." The origins of haplogroup R1 remain unclear. (wikipedia.org)
  • formal
  • Changing patterns of immigration and an extensive period of exclusion of Asian immigrants have resulted in demographic changes that have in turn affected the formal and common understandings of what defines Asian American. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, "Asian American" is the accepted term for most formal purposes, such as government and academic research, although it is often shortened to Asian in common usage. (wikipedia.org)
  • In less formal contexts, the term Asian often does not include South Asian people. (wikipedia.org)
  • racial
  • In 2015, Asian American earnings were found to exceed all other racial groups when all Asian ethnic groups are grouped as a whole. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, in 2012, Asian Americans had the highest educational attainment level of any racial demographic in the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • This occurs in terms of household income as well, in 2008 Asian Americans had the highest median household income overall of any racial demographic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first test showing differences in IQ test results between different population groups in the US was the tests of United States Army recruits in World War I. In the 1920s groups of eugenics lobbyists argued that this demonstrated that African-Americans and certain immigrant groups were of inferior intellect to Anglo-Saxon whites due to innate biological differences, using this as an argument for policies of racial segregation. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the other hand, many scientists reacted to eugenicist claims linking abilities and moral character to racial or genetic ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • mtDNA
  • However, the knowledge of origin of Jomon and its contribution to the genetic pool of contemporary Japanese is still limited, albeit the extensive studies using mtDNA and Y chromosomes. (blogspot.com)
  • allele
  • Utilizing inferred allele frequencies of the Jomon population, we further showed the Paleolithic contingent in Japanese had a Northeast Asia origin. (blogspot.com)
  • Americans
  • Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent. (wikipedia.org)
  • this is much higher than the percentile of non-Hispanic Whites, proving that Asian Americans suffer from a tremendous wealth gap when compared among each other. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once country of birth and other demographic factors are taken into account, a portion of the sub-groups that make up Asian Americans are much more likely than non-Hispanic White Americans to live in poverty. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are major disparities that exist among Asian Americans when specific ethnic groups are examined. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yet, there are many sub groups of Asian Americans who suffer in terms of education with some sub groups showing a high rate of dropping out of school or lacking a college education. (wikipedia.org)
  • For this study, a panel of 199 widely distributed AIMs was used to examine a diverse set of 796 DNA samples including self-identified European Americans, West Africans, East Asians, Amerindians, African Americans, Mexicans, Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans and South Asians. (blogspot.com)
  • Chinese Americans, which includes American-born Chinese, are Americans who have full or partial Chinese ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chinese Americans constitute one group of overseas Chinese and also a subgroup of East Asian Americans, which is a further subgroup of Asian Americans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Americans of Chinese descent, including those with partial Chinese ancestry constitute 1.2% of the total U.S. population as of 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • The presence of haplogroup R1 among Indigenous Americans groups is a matter of controversy. (wikipedia.org)
  • forensic
  • Overall, the study demonstrates that AIMs can provide a useful adjunct to forensic medicine, pharmacogenomics and disease studies in which major ancestry or ethnic affiliation might be linked to specific outcomes. (blogspot.com)
  • peoples
  • For example, since the removal of restrictive "national origins" quotas in 1965, the Asian-American population has diversified greatly to include more of the peoples with ancestry from various parts of Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Eurominority.eu map (the European Union) Peoples of the World includes some diasporas and underrepresented/stateless ethnic groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • In particular, two groups exhibit large concentrations of the Q-M242 mutation, the Ket (93.8%) and the Selkup (66.4%) peoples. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • citation needed] The most commonly used definition of Asian American is the US Census Bureau definition, which includes all people with origins in the Far East, Southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent. (wikipedia.org)
  • defines
  • Individuals whose Y-chromosomes possess all the mutations on internal nodes of the Y-DNA tree down to and including M207 (which defines Haplogroup R) but which display neither the M173 mutation that defines haplogroup R1 nor the M479 mutation that defines Haplogroup R2 are categorized as belonging to group R* (R-M207). (wikipedia.org)
  • Some islands of Polynesian origin are outside the general triangle that geographically defines the region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vietnamese
  • Southeast Asians (Iban, Cambodians, and Vietnamese) have ∼10% membership in the inferred Indian cluster, and the African Hema cluster shares ∼15% membership with the inferred European cluster. (blogspot.com)
  • tribal
  • In particular, upper-caste individuals from Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh form one defined group, lower-caste individuals from these two states form another, and the tribal Irula samples form a third. (blogspot.com)
  • As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the Yup'ik at 34,000 people is the largest Alaska Native tribal grouping, either alone or in combination, closely followed by the Inupiat (33,000). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Yup'ik had the greatest number of people who identified with one tribal grouping and no other race (29,000). (wikipedia.org)
  • maternal
  • No sub-Saharan African genes were observed in this population, therefore, non-Caucasoid maternal ancestry in Greece is very low, as elsewhere in Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • The degree of human genetic variation is a little different depending upon the gene type studied, but in general it is common to claim that ~85% of genetic variation is found within groups, ~6-10% between groups within the same continent and ~6-10% is found between continental groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Edwards (2003) claims, "It is not true, as Nature claimed, that 'two random individuals from any one group are almost as different as any two random individuals from the entire world'" and Risch et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • traits
  • An island group with strong Polynesian cultural traits outside of this great triangle is Rotuma, situated north of Fiji. (wikipedia.org)
  • hypothesis
  • Wolpoff credits Franz Weidenreich's "Polycentric" hypothesis of human origins as a major influence, but cautions that this should not be confused with polygenism, or Carleton Coon's model that minimized gene flow. (wikipedia.org)
  • Greece is amongst the countries presenting the highest frequency of the 35delG mutation (3.5%), and a recent study raised the hypothesis of the origin of this mutation in ancient Greece. (blogspot.com)
  • Our study supports the hypothesis of a founder effect and we further propose that ethnic groups of Greek ancestry could have propagated the 35delG mutation, as evidenced by historical data beginning from the 15th century BC. (blogspot.com)
  • tens
  • The length of each run is determined partly by the number of generations since the common ancestor: offspring of cousin marriages have long runs of homozygosity (ROH), while the numerous shorter tracts relate to shared ancestry tens and hundreds of generations ago. (blogspot.com)
  • Polynesian
  • Although they likely migrated to Australia through Southeast Asia they are not demonstrably related to any known Asian or Polynesian population. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following are the islands and island groups, either nations or overseas territories of former colonial powers, that are of native Polynesian culture or where archaeological evidence indicates Polynesian settlement in the past. (wikipedia.org)
  • migrations
  • The unique ethnic makeup and social practices provide an invaluable opportunity to understand their genetic origins and migrations and to elucidate the genetic basis of complex disorders. (blogspot.com)
  • It can help scientists understand ancient human population migrations as well as how human groups are biologically related to one another. (wikipedia.org)
  • coastal
  • I asked this before: wouldn't this contradict a coastal migration for NE Asians, and be more in line with one either west of the Himalayas, or perhaps Myanmar/adjacent China? (blogspot.com)
  • continent
  • Utah represents a unique episode in the settlement of the United States, a story of a religious group that trekked across three-fourths of the continent in search of a "promised land" where they could be free from persecution. (britannica.com)
  • estimates
  • Maximum-likelihood estimates favour a scenario in which Madagascar was settled approximately 1,200 years ago by a very small group of women of approximately 30. (wikipedia.org)
  • Analysis
  • However, at k = 5 or greater, the STRUCTURE analysis shows the presence of a new cluster (here designated cluster 5) in the South Asian subjects (Fig. 2b, c). (blogspot.com)
  • Linguists and biologists have reached a similar conclusion based on analysis of Amerindian language groups and ABO blood group system distributions. (wikipedia.org)
  • individual
  • Although geographic patterns are seen in the average north/south percent assignment values between groups as defined by AJ or SJ, grandparental world region of origin, or GCO, within each group there is high variability among individual assignment values. (blogspot.com)