• fatty acids
  • The hydrolysis, saponification, or transesterification of these triglycerides produces glycerol as well as the fatty acid derivative: Triglycerides (1) are treated with an alcohol such as ethanol (2) with catalytic base to give ethyl esters of fatty acids (3) and glycerol (4): Typical plant sources include soybeans or palm. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzymes
  • In particular, the present invention provides novel thermophilic organisms and thermostable enzymes capable of catalyzing the fermentation of glycerol to 1,3-propanediol. (lens.org)
  • An alternate approach is to use enzymes, either in vivo (i.e., in a microorganism) or in vitro, to catalyze the fermentation of glycerol to 1,3-propanediol. (lens.org)
  • In view of the potential advantages inherent in the use of biological methods and reagents to produce 1,3-propanediol, their exists a need for the development and identification of novel microorganisms and enzymes capable of converting glycerol and other carbon substrates to 1,3-propanediol having superior characteristics. (lens.org)
  • synthesize
  • Cells performing aerobic respiration synthesize much more ATP, but not as part of glycolysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Instead, it uses the synthetic nonoxidative glycolysis cycle to directly synthesize stoichiometric amounts of the two-carbon building block (acetyl-CoA), which is then converted to three-carbon metabolites to support growth. (pnas.org)
  • precursor
  • By this I mean, I still have to interview a freshmen with april about her food choices, code and analyze all the data, start and finish a research paper on Intermediate Hyperglycemia ( the precursor to Diabetes Type 2), and write a response paper for minority health readings. (blogspot.com)
  • Although
  • vacuum is helpful due to the high boiling point of glycerol (290 °C). Although usually not cost-effective, glycerol can be produced by various routes from propylene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although some cells are highly dependent on glycolysis for the generation of ATP, the amount of ATP generated per glucose molecule is actually quite small. (encyclopedia.com)
  • product
  • needs update] Glycerol from triglycerides is produced on a large scale, but the crude product is of variable quality, with a low selling price of as low as 2-5 U.S. cents per kilogram in 2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • previously
  • As previously mentioned, glycolysis was then fully elucidated in the first half of the last century largely due to the work of researchers such as Gerty and Carl Cori, Carl Neuberg, Arthur Harden, William Young, Jacob Parnas, Otto Warburg, Hans von Euler-Chelpin, Gustav Embden and Otto Meyerhof. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • water
  • Glycerol has three hydroxyl groups that are responsible for its solubility in water and its hygroscopic nature. (wikipedia.org)
  • Glycerol and water are used to preserve certain types of plant leaves. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the first step, a dehydratase catalyzes the conversion of glycerol to 3-hydroxy- propionaldehyde (3 -HP) and water (Equation 1). (lens.org)
  • formation
  • Even though the formation of organic acids is inevitable for the maintenance of the intracellular redox balance, it represents a loss of carbons at the expense of the target products. (biomedcentral.com)