• tumours
  • Primary lymphoma of the orbit is one of the commonest orbital tumours and accounts for as much as half of all orbital malignancies [1, (eurorad.org)
  • It serves as a major pathway in perineural spread of pathologies such as head and neck neoplasms, automatically upstaging tumours, and is a key structure to assess in cases of trigeminal neuralgia. (paperity.org)
  • involve
  • 5 ⇓ - 7 It can not only involve the thyroid gland but also extend out into the adjacent neck structures, rarely infiltrating the recurrent laryngeal nerve. (ajnr.org)
  • Some of the pathologies presenting clinically with symptomatology, referable to cranial nerves, primarily involve them, while most others cause extraneous compression of these fine structures that traverse through a unique environment of meninges, subarachnoid space, the skull, and its foramina [ 1 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • It can involve one or more of the orbital structures. (wikipedia.org)
  • systemic
  • Orbital pseudotumor has also been observed in association with Crohn's disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus, myasthenia gravis, and ankylosing spondylitis all of which strengthen the basis of IOI being an immune-mediated disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • IgG4-related ophthalmic disease (IgG4-ROD) is the recommended term to describe orbital (eye socket) manifestations of the systemic condition IgG4-related disease, which is characterised by infiltration of lymphocytes and plasma cells and subsequent fibrosis in involved structures. (wikipedia.org)
  • infiltration
  • Histopathological examination of orbital muscle (upper panel) and parotid gland biopsies (lower panel) reveals dense lymphoplasmacellular infiltration and fibrosis (left pictures, HE staining) with dense infiltration of IgG4- producing plasma cells (right pictures, anti-IgG4, rabbit monoclonal, 1:1000 a.r. (biomedcentral.com)
  • destruction
  • In the setting of extensive sclerosis there may be restriction, compression, and destruction of orbital tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pertinent negative findings include the absence of adjacent bony orbital invasion and destruction. (blogspot.com)
  • subacute
  • Seropositive patients presented more commonly with a subacute form of infective endocarditis leading to multiple valve involvement and a more frequent renal impairment. (bmj.com)
  • thyroid
  • Reidel thyroiditis is extremely rare and not only involves the thyroid gland but usually extends to neighboring structures in the neck. (ajnr.org)
  • nerves
  • V1 exits through the superior orbital fissure with the oculomotor, Rtrochlear and the abducens nerves (CN 6), and receives sensoRryinput from the eye, orbit and forehead. (paperity.org)
  • Imaging
  • An index of suspicion based on knowledge of this entity enables one to closely scrutinize the potential areas of involvement while imaging the patient. (omicsonline.org)
  • neck
  • Patient Assessment -- Skin Care Including Chemical Peeling -- Non-surgical Facial Rejuventation with Fillers -- Botulinum Toxin -- Laser Facial Resurfacing and Dermabrasion -- Management of Alopecia -- Forehead Rejuvenation -- Periorbital Rejuvenation -- Facelift with SMAS Flaps -- Neck Rejuvenation -- Primary Rhinoplasty -- Secondary Rhinoplasty -- Genioplasty -- Aesthetic Contouring of the Craniofacial Skeleton -- Augmentation of Facial Structures with Autologous Fat -- Breast Augmentation -- Breast Reduction -- Mastopexy -- Liposculpture -- Abdominoplasty -- Bodylifts and Post Massive Weight Loss Body Contouring -- Surgical Management of Migraine Headaches. (stanford.edu)
  • cells
  • Considerable evidence also supports the involvement of HSPs, including HSP27, in intrinsic protection mechanisms of retinal cells in glaucoma. (thesiri.ru)
  • cause
  • The needle should not be too small (so as not to penetrate tiny structures), the surgeon should draw back on the syringe (to ensure not have pierced a vessel), the lidocaine should not contain epinephrine (which could cause vasospasm), and the pressure of the injection must always be controlled. (wikipedia.org)